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  • Article
    27 Lipiec 1997

    The Government's new plan to create employment is known as the "Smet" Plan,
    after the Federal Minister for Employment and Labour, Miet Smet. She has also
    made a number of changes to the existing "Vandelanotte plan" to promote the
    32-hour working week. The various measures were approved by the Council of
    Ministers on 4 July 1997.

  • Article
    27 Lipiec 1997

    France's Minister for Transport, Housing and Public Infrastructure,
    Jean-Claude Gayssot announced in July 1997 the creation of 2,000 new jobs at
    the SNCF railway company, in exchange for a reduction in the state-owned
    company's indebtedness. He also confirmed the separation to be made between
    the management of infrastructure and the operation of the rail network.

  • Article
    27 Lipiec 1997

    Stork, the Dutch engineering company, aims to create a more flexible and
    multiskilled workforce by establishing a new "mobility centre" - Mobile 2000.
    This centre will work together with temporary employment agencies.

  • Article
    27 Lipiec 1997

    On 24 July 1997, GEOPA- the Employers' Group of the Committee of Agricultural
    Organisations in the European Union (COPA) - and the European Federation of
    Agricultural Workers' Trade Unions (EFA) - one of the European industry
    committees of the European Trade Union Confederation- signed the first
    European sectoral framework agreement of its kind in the presence of
    CommissionerPadraig Flynn. The initiative builds on previous "agreements" on
    working time concluded between the social partners in the sector in 1978,
    1980 and 1981, as well as a joint declaration on employment in agriculture
    presented to the "European social conference" held in Paris on 30 March 1995.

  • Article
    27 Lipiec 1997

    The aim of the National Workplace Development Programme is to boost
    productivity and the quality of working life by making full use of, and
    developing, staff know-how and innovative power in Finnish workplaces. This
    is to be achieved by developing human resources and helping organisations to
    reform their modes of operation. The programme:

  • Article
    27 Lipiec 1997

    The Government announced on 8 July 1997 that it is to end balloting over the
    check-off system for trade union members, whereby members can have their
    union subscriptions deducted directly from their wages by the employer, who
    then passes them on to the union.

  • Article
    27 Lipiec 1997

    On 24 June 1997 the recent collective bargaining round at the leading German
    motor company Volkswagen (VW) ended with the conclusion of a new company
    agreement. Volkswagen is one of the very few large German corporations in the
    metalworking sector which, traditionally, are not covered by branch-level
    collective bargaining, but have always concluded their own company
    agreements. The negotiations for the about 95,000 VW employees take place
    between VW management and the regional office of the IG Metall metalworkers'
    union in Lower Saxony, where most of the six west German VW plants are

  • Article
    27 Lipiec 1997

    Transport is one of Italy's most strike-prone sectors, at the same time as
    being covered by legislation regulating strikes in essential public services.
    This article draws on recent statistical evidence to examine the nature of
    industrial conflict in transport, highlighting the problem of the
    "announcement effect", whereby a strike call can cause considerable
    disruption, even though the strike itself is cancelled.

  • Article
    27 Lipiec 1997

    After a decade of their operation in Spain, active employment policies have
    led to only limited results in promoting job creation. This feature examines
    the variety of policies that have been introduced and the results of relevant
    experiments, and looks at social partners' reactions.

  • Article
    27 Lipiec 1997

    The Socio-Economic Council of Flanders, the consultative body of the Flemish
    employer and employee representatives, annually submits an advisory report on
    the regional budget to the Flemish authorities. For 1998, according to the
    report, there is a "freely disposable" margin of BEF 7.4 billion (out of a
    total budget of BEF 570.4 billion). The Council has advised the Flemish
    Government to use this budgetary margin as far as possible for job creation.
    Budget surpluses in recent years have been used chiefly to reduce debt, but
    now there is a call for a policy aimed at halving unemployment in the medium
    term. Concrete measures to accomplish this will be worked out in the
    tripartite autumn bargaining round, which is intended to result in a Flemish
    Employment Act for 1998-9. The Socio-Economic Council has already expressed
    the view that Flanders spends too little on training employees and
    job-seekers in comparison with, for example, the Netherlands and Germany.


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications