Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from
research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articleson working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.
Statistics Sweden (Statistiska Centralbyrån, SCB ) has published two
reports concerning people’s entry into the labour market. The reports are
based on a sample survey that has been conducted every second year since
1996, comprising three-year follow-up studies of persons leaving education.
The 2008 survey focuses on those who finished their upper secondary school
 or who graduated from university  in the academic year 2004/2005. The
survey aims to examine the labour market entry of new graduates with
different levels of education.
An assessment of occupational health services was commissioned and carried
out in Lithuania in 2007, based on the findings of a qualitative survey of
professionals and of statistical calculations made in compliance with
national legislation. The survey covered occupational health professionals
whose activities are directly related to the practice of occupational doctors
in Lithuania. This criterion enabled the research to maintain a proper level
of professionalism. The study involved specially developed questionnaires
that ensured the anonymity of respondents.
In August 2008, the President of the French postal services company La Poste
, Jean-Paul Bailly, announced that between €2.5 and €3.5 billion would
be required to provide La Poste with the financial resources necessary to
enable it to adapt to the full liberalisation of the postal services market
in 2011 – originally planned for 2009 (*FR0502107F*). La Poste, whose
status was changed from being part of the civil service to a state-owned
company in 1991, has gradually been divided into separate business sections:
letters, parcels, financial services and the network of post offices.
During a meeting at the Ministry of Economic Development (Ministero dello
Sviluppo Economico ) on 20 November 2008, social partner organisations
from the chemicals sector signed an agreement – referred to as the
‘Welfarma project’ – in an effort to equip the sector with ‘an
operational instrument, voluntary in nature, and additional to the current
bargaining and legal structures, with which to implement welfare-to-work
solutions’. The signatory parties comprised: the National Pharmaceutical
Industry Federation (Federazione Nazionale dell’Industria Farmaceutica,
Farmindustria ) on the employers’ side, and the Italian Chemicals,
Energy and Manufacturing Workers’ Federation (Federazione Italiana
Lavoratori Chimici Energia Manifatture, Filcem-Cgil ), the Energy,
Chemicals and Allied Industries Federation (Federazione Energia Moda, Chimica
e Affini, Femca-Cisl ) and the Italian Chemicals, Energy and Manufacturing
Workers’ Union (Unione Italiana Lavoratori Chimica Energia Manifatturiero,
Uilcem-Uil ) on the trade union side.
On 25 November 2008, the Union of Free Trade Unions of Slovenia (Zveza
svobodnih sindikatov Slovenije, ZSSS ) organised a demonstration against
the amended European Directive 2003/88/EC  concerning certain aspects of
the organisation of working time ; the protest took place in front of the
national government buildings. The trade union representatives presented
their standpoint to the Prime Minister of the new centre-left government,
Borut Pahor, who promised that he would be lobbying against the revised
directive in the EU institutions. Mr Bahor emphasised that he only supported
solutions to which the social partners agreed.
The ninth Confederal Congress of the Trade Union Confederation of Workers’
Commissions (Confederación Sindical de Comisiones Obreras, CCOO ), the
largest trade union organisation in Spain, was held in Madrid on 17–20
December 2008. The 1,001 delegates who attended the congress, representing
the regional and sectoral organisations of the trade union, elected the new
management for the next four years. The start of the new mandate is marked by
the worsening of the economic crisis in Spain and an unprecedented increase
in unemployment (*ES0809019I* ), which could represent a severe test for
the strategy adopted by CCOO in recent years.
The Council Regulation establishing a Statute for a European company 
(/Societas Europaea/, SE) is supplemented by Council Directive 2001/86/EC 
on the involvement of employees in a European company. As required by Article
15 of the Directive, the European Commission  published a Communication
(46Kb PDF)  on 30 September 2008 reviewing the application of the
directive with a view to proposing any necessary amendments. In preparation
for this review, the Commission commissioned a report (656Kb PDF)  by
independent experts on the implementation of labour law directives in an
enlarged EU, as well as issuing to the Member States and the European social
partners  a questionnaire together with the draft report.
In October 2007, the Malta Union of Midwives and Nurses (MUMN ) and the
government signed an agreement seeking, among other things, to resolve the
pressing problem of understaffing in the nursing sector. MUMN highlighted the
fact that about 300 more nurses were required to resolve this problem. Nearly
a year later, in August 2008, media reports indicated that the government had
started the process for the recruitment of additional nurses, especially
those needed in the intensive care section and in the renal unit. Extra
nursing staff were also required for operating theatres and, in fact, some
theatres were not being used due to the lack of nursing staff. The government
remarked that with the employment of more nurses, the workload would be
better managed and patients would continue to receive the best possible
service and care from health professionals.
The revision of the working time  directive, originally adopted as Council
Directive 93/104/EC  in 1993 and subsequently consolidated in Directive
2003/88/EC , can be described as having a long history of failed attempts.
In the latest episode in this process, the European Parliament 
disapproved a compromise reached by the Employment, Social Policy, Health and
Consumer Affairs Council (EPSCO ) on 9 June 2008 (*EU0807049I* ). In
its plenary session on 17 December 2008, the European Parliament rejected the
EPSCO compromise by a large majority of 421 to 273 votes in a second reading
of the central issues of the compromise, notably the opt-out clause and
The industrial relations climate in Belgium’s prison service has become
increasingly contentious over the past number of years. Between September and
October 2008, a new wave of strike action was initiated in protest against
pay, working hours and working conditions in the prison service.