Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from
research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articleson working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.
In Greek law, the right to strike is protected by the Constitution and is an
extension of trade union freedom. However, the exercise of the right to
strike is subject to certain conditions, the non-observance of which renders
the strike illegal. Additional restrictions are in place in the case of
strikes involving employees in public utilities. The so-called abusive strike
is a special category of illegal strike.
In Slovenia, the minimum wage is fixed by the Law on the Determination of
Minimum Wage (LDMW (47Kb PDF) ), adopted on 26 October 2006 (*SI0608019I*
). The LDMW reflects the requirements of the International Labour
Organization (ILO ) Minimum Wage Fixing Convention No. 131 , adopted on
22 June 1970, which was ratified by Slovenia on 29 May 1992. This convention
aims to ensure a minimum pay level which enables workers and their families
to have a decent standard of living.
On the basis of quantitative social security data (anonymous individual
data), the Austrian Labour Market Service (Arbeitsmarktservice, AMS )
commissioned a study (in German, 160Kb PDF)  which investigated the
effects of having children and the childcare responsibilities of parenthood
on the labour market integration of women and the development of female
income levels. The so-called ‘childcare effect’ is analysed by comparing
women of three different age groups – that is, those aged 25, 35 and 45
years – and by taking into consideration women’s age at childbirth –
more specifically, women who gave birth to their first child before or after
their 26th birthday.
The system of general practitioners (GPs) issuing workers with a sick note if
they are ill has not been changed since the National Health Service (NHS )
was established in 1948. However, in *a report entitled* Improving health and
work: Changing lives (1.76Mb PDF) *, published on 25 November 2008,* the
Department for Work and Pensions (DWP ) and the Department of Health (DH
) announced that sick notes are to be replaced by ‘fit notes’ as part
of a package of reforms to manage sickness absence more effectively.
The two main trade union federations in Greece, the Greek General
Confederation of Labour (GSEE), which represents workers employed in the
private sector, and the Supreme Administration of Greek Civil Servants’
Trade Unions (ADEDY), which represents civil servants, went on strike on
21 October. According to the trade unions, the 2009 draft budget announced
by the government — which will lead to one more year of fiscal tightening
for workers due to the new increase in the taxes to be paid by workers, the
reductions in social benefits and services, and the dramatic reduction in
public investment, which could lead to the loss of thousands of jobs —
combined with uncontrollable high prices, will lead to an unbearable
situation for workers. In addition, worker representatives have reached the
conclusion that the privatisation policy followed by the government in
connection with enterprises that used to be state-controlled until recently
is creating a major problem in Greek society.
In Estonia, unemployment insurance covers the risks of becoming unemployed,
collective redundancy  and an employer’s insolvency . Unemployment
insurance is financed through unemployment insurance premiums, which are
obligatory for all employers and employees until pensionable age, including
people working on contract under the Law of Obligations Act  and public
servants. Unemployment insurance premiums are dependent on the size of
employees’ wages. The Unemployment Insurance Act (Töötuskindlustuse
seadus ) provides for certain flexibility in the rates of unemployment
insurance premiums, as they can range from 0.5% to 2% for employees and from
0.25% to 1% for employers.
A recent study (in French, 355Kb PDF)  by the Luxembourg Central Service
for Statistics and Economic Studies (Service central de la statistique et des
études économiques, STATEC ) is based on the results of the 2002 survey
on salary structures (in French, 275Kb PDF) , which is a four-yearly
survey carried out in all EU Member States. In Luxembourg, some 1,328
companies with 10 or more employees from various sectors of the economy were
analysed. However, due to the small workforce in companies operating in the
mining and energy industries, these companies have not been taken into
account in the study. This reduces the size of the sample to 1,318 companies.
Companies in the Spanish motor manufacturing sector have presented redundancy
procedures, a flexible form of workforce adjustment that they can apply in a
series of economic, technical and organisational situations. The job cuts
affect in particular the northeastern province of Barcelona in the autonomous
community of Catalonia, where most of the car manufacturing companies are
located. In this region, a total of 7,500 workers employed in car
manufacturing plants and among the network of suppliers have been affected by
dismissals and temporary layoffs. The cases presented below illustrate the
role of redundancy procedures in workforce management strategies in two of
the main companies of the sector.
The State Commission of Physicians for Health and Work Capacity Examination
(Veselības un darbspēju ekspertīzes ārstu valsts komisija, VDEĀVK )
is a direct administrative body under the control of the Republic of Latvia
(RL) Ministry of Welfare (Labklājības ministrija, LM ). Its main
function is to provide an expert evaluation of disabilities.