Publications

1261 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • All parties agree to renewal of collective agreement in food industry

    The agreement signed on 22 September 2009 by the trade unions and employer organisation in the food industry covers about 450,000 workers and comes four months after the expiry of the previous agreement and follows 16 hours of strike action in the sector. The signatory parties comprised the:
  • General Motors ditches plan to sell Opel and Vauxhall to Magna

    The European subsidiaries of General Motors (GM [1]) – Opel [2] and Vauxhall [3] with factories in Belgium, Germany, Poland, Spain and the United Kingdom (UK) – have been on the verge of financial collapse since GM declared bankruptcy in June 2009. After weeks of negotiations between various interested parties, including potential investors as well as the German government, in September the decision was made to sell Opel and Vauxhall to the consortium composed of the Canadian-Austrian car parts supplier Magna International [4] and Russia’s Sberbank [5]. However, on 3 November 2009, GM’s board of directors abandoned the results of these negotiations. It announced that, due to the importance of Opel and Vauxhall to GM’s global strategy, it had decided to retain its European subsidiaries and to initiate a restructuring [6] of its European operations. [1] http://www.gm.com/ [2] http://www.opel.com/ [3] http://www.vauxhall.co.uk/vaux/home.do [4] http://www.magna.com/magna/en/ [5] http://www.sbrf.ru/en/ [6] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/restructuring
  • Trade union welcomes General Motors’ decision not to sell Opel

    On 4 November 2009, in a surprise move, General Motors (GM [1]) announced that it would not be selling its Opel European business operations to the Canadian-Austrian car parts supplier Magna International [2] and its Russian partner Sberbank [3]. GM’s decision raises new uncertainty over the future of its plants in various European countries, as well as over the extent of restructuring [4] and its impact on employment (*EU0910029I* [5]). [1] http://www.gm.com/ [2] http://www.magna.com/magna/en/ [3] http://www.sbrf.ru/en/ [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/restructuring [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/general-motors-ditches-plan-to-sell-opel-and-vauxhall-to-magna
  • Election funding generates controversy among social partners

    In recent months, the issue of election funding has generated massive controversy in Finland. Several companies and foundations have been involved in hidden election funding. The major right-wing parties, the Centre Party (Suomen Keskusta [1]) and the National Coalition Party (Kansallinen Kokoomus [2]), have received notable donations for their election campaigns in recent years from the TT Foundation (formerly the Confederation of Finnish Industry and Employers (Teollisuuden ja Työnantajain Keskusliitto, TT) *FI0403201N* [3]) of the Confederation of Finnish Industry (Elinkeinoelämän keskusliitto, EK [4]). Meanwhile, the trade unions have openly supported the left-wing parties. The problems and hidden facts relating to election funding have even resulted in calls for the parliament’s dissolution and for a premature election. [1] http://www.keskusta.fi/Suomeksi/Etusivu.iw3 [2] http://www.kokoomus.fi/ [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/employers-confederations-agree-merger [4] http://www.ek.fi/
  • New law widens scope of Sunday trading

    In France, the principle of Sunday being a rest day is guaranteed by a law going back to 1906. However, there are many exemptions for sectors of economic activity that have to function seven days a week, such as transport, healthcare and some parts of the retail trade, notably small food shops; the latter are allowed to stay open until Sunday midday.
  • Study examines state of corporate democracy

    A report (in Norwegian, 1.86Mb PDF) [1] examining the state of industrial democracy in Norway was recently published by the independent and multidisciplinary research foundation Fafo [2]. The report, which was released in August 2009, explores the issues of corporate democracy, co-determination [3], participation and influence in 2009. The findings are based on a survey conducted among 3,300 employees in Norway in companies with 10 or more employees. Additional questions were posed to employees who were elected representatives or had management responsibilities. The survey included questions relating to individual employees’ influence over their own work situation, as well as questions on the formal arrangements enabling collective influence at the workplace. In addition to the survey, the researchers also interviewed 30 leaders and 30 employee representatives or safety deputies, as well as representatives of the social partner organisations. The study covers both the public and private sectors. [1] http://www.fafo.no/pub/rapp/20125/20125.pdf [2] http://www.fafo.no/indexenglish.htm [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/co-determination
  • Use of ‘ecocheques’ a feature of current sectoral bargaining

    On 22 December 2008, the peak national social partner organisations in the private sector concluded the intersectoral collective agreement for the period 2009–2010 (*BE0901019I* [1]). Every two years, this agreement acts as a general framework for the subsequent sectoral bargaining rounds in Belgium. The social partners insisted on the ‘exceptional’ character of the 2009–2010 intersectoral agreement on account of it being adapted due to the current economic situation. The agreement aims to restore workers’ and employers’ confidence in the economy by finding a balance between competitiveness, purchasing power and employment levels. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-and-government-agree-plan-to-boost-economy
  • Irish employee training and skills survey

    /A new working conditions survey assessing employee skills and training levels in Ireland was published by the Central Statistics Office (CSO) in February 2009. The survey reveals that 45.5% of all enterprises provided internal and/or external training courses for their employees. Course attendees spent an average of 3.2 days on courses, while employers spent an average of €254 per employee on training. The study points to considerable differences in training provision and skills shortages by sector and company size. A particularly significant finding is the high percentage of enterprises that have acute shortages of managerial skills./
  • Second time around Irish vote yes for Lisbon

    In October 2009, the Lisbon Treaty [1] was passed by Irish voters by a two-to-one majority – with Irish citizens voting in favour of the treaty by a final margin of 67.1% to 32.9%. This represents a 20.5% swing towards the yes side since the first Lisbon Treaty referendum, which was held in 2008. The country’s government, along with the main opposition parties, employers and most trade unions were all in the yes camp on this occasion. The no side consisted of a variety of groups, including some trade unions. Opponents of the Lisbon Treaty raised a wide variety of objections – including with regard to neutrality, abortion and the perceived impact on workers’ rights. [1] http://www.iiea.com/publications/lisbon-pack
  • Women workers make up majority of ‘700-euro generation’

    A survey entitled ‘Work and trade unions’, carried out by the company V-Project Research Consulting (VPRC [1]), gives a profile of workers whose net pay is less than €750. It is a quantitative survey commissioned by the Greek General Confederation of Labour (Γενική Συνομοσπονδία Εργατών Ελλάδας, GSEE [2]) and was conducted in the period from 14 June to 10 July 2008. A method of individual face-to-face interviews was implemented, using a structured questionnaire, based on a sample of 1,300 employed and unemployed people aged over 18 years. [1] http://www.vprc.gr/ [2] http://www.gsee.gr/

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