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Cardiovascular diseases are one of the most frequent chronic diseases in Slovenia and third most important cause for work-related disability. Cardiovascular diseases and other chronic diseases share common risk factors associated with unhealthy lifestyle and early detection of risk factors is of major importance. Every year more than 1000 people in employment suffer total or partial incapacity for work due to cardiovascular diseases. Most initiatives and programes in Slovenia addressing the problems and challenges of chronically ill workers focus on the prevention of chronic diseases or awareness rising campaigns for employers, stakeholders and the public.
In public policy as well as national statistics, a definition of people with chronic diseases is not used, but in both areas, the category of people with disability is commonly used. Data shows that the activity rate and employment rate of people with disabilities are over three times lower than in the total population. Most of them are employed as workers in manufacturing and within the system of supported/sheltered employment. People with disabilities perceive their carrier opportunities as very limited.
Regardless of the definition used, the number of workers who are chronically ill in Norway increased significantly in recent years. More than 200,000 people have a chronic health condition or disability that limits their work capacity, and from a public health perspective, chronic diseases emerge as a worrisome "epidemic" that affects a growing part of the population, particularly cardiovascular diseases, cancer and COPD. The main policy measure developed to favor the employment situation and working conditions of people with chronic diseases is the tripartite agreement on a more inclusive working life, which was last extended in March 2014.
There is no clear national definition of a chronic disease in a work situation in the Netherlands. Questionnaire data shows that between 25% and 30% of all workers are affected by a chronic disease. Worker with a chronic disease have slightly different working conditions as compared to workers without a chronic disease but differences may be also due to age, gender or sectoral differences between workers with and without a chronic disease. On a policy level the focus in the Netherlands is on participation. The latest regulation regarding this is the introduction of the ‘Participatiewet’ (participation law) which is expected to come into force on 1 January 2015.
This report gives an overview of working conditions, job quality, workers’ health and job sustainability in the industrial cleaning sector (NACE 81). The findings are based mostly on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS)...
Few Maltese studies analyse the impact of disease on employment and working conditions, fewer still focus on chronic diseases. Mental health and disability however are the exception to the rule with recent work-based studies available, whilst programmes are in place to facilitate and support their employment.
As the European Union grows in size and diversity, it becomes increasingly challenging to summarise the impact of state actions on the lives of citizens. One approach to this complexity is to group countries based on characteristics relevant to quality of life. This report develops a country typology focused on quality of life as a multidimensional concept.
Lithuanian legislation does not provide a clear definition of a chronic disease. Neither there are national sources of statistical information that would specifically focus on the issue of chronic diseases. According to available statistical data, a percentage of employed people having a long-standing illness or health problem in Lithuania has been steadily decreasing since 2005 (the decrease was particular pronounced in 2008 with the onset of the economic crisis in the country). This could be determined by reduced labour market integration opportunities for people with chronic diseases.
Despite life expectancy has ameliorated during the last 20 years, Hungary is the 23rd among the EU countries in this regard. In 2011, 21.5%, 1,439 thousand people of the 15-64 years old generation reported about having chronic health problems, diseases for at least six months. The economic activity indicators of people with disabilities are very poor; they are significantly underrepresented on the labour market. 185,000 out of 767,000 people with disabilities are economically active, of which 139,000 are employed, 46,000 unemployed in 2011. The main obstacle in entering the labour market for the ones with chronic diseases appears to be the lack of information on the diseases. Employers tend to use preventive measurements (systematic health checks) to avoid the employment of people with any kinds of diseases. It is not common that employers adapt working conditions in favour to the employment of people with special needs.
Chronic diseases are a complex field that is particularly difficult to define, with many particularities in terms of symptoms and their impact. Especially in the field of employment, deficiencies are being discovered with respect to the recording and the monitoring of the issue, in the legislation and the implementation of specific measures for the protection or facilitation at work of people suffering from chronic diseases. The protection of workers with chronic diseases is governed mainly by across-the-board policies that protect the health and safety of workers and, by way of exception, specific measures are taken for certain diseases. Special regulations are in force mainly in the field of occupational diseases and disabilities.