Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from
research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articleson working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.
In 2011, almost 13,360 foreigners registered with the body implementing
employee insurance schemes (UWV), up from 9,756 in 2010. More than 60% of
these workers originate from Bulgaria or Romania. Without a valid work
permit, people from these countries may only work as self-employed
individuals or be seconded. However, despite the economic downturn and slump
in the construction industry, the number of posted Romanians and Bulgarians
rose by 35% in 2011. At the beginning of 2012, a 16% increase in the number
of self-employed Romanians and Bulgarians was registered. Many, however, do
not appear in official statistics and it is estimated that between 80,000 and
100,000 Bulgarians and Romanians are employed in undeclared work 
(*NL1111019I* ). In mid-2010, the Minister of Social Affairs, Henk Kamp,
tried to discourage less well-educated Romanians and Bulgarians from working
in the Netherlands by announcing that it would become more difficult for them
to obtain work permits, although 7,640 work permits were still granted in
2010. Those critical of the minister's measures predicted that these people
would find another way to work in the Netherlands, and were proved correct as
the increasing number of posted workers  shows.
The Information and Consultation of Employees (ICE) Regulations  first
came into effect in England, Wales and Scotland in April 2005, applying
initially to businesses with 150 or more employees (*UK0502103N* ). The
ICE regulations were then extended to those with 100–149 employees in April
2007, and to those with 50–99 employees in April 2008. The collective
provisions of the regulations are enforced via complaints to the Central
Arbitration Committee (CAC ). The Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT )
hears appeals and is responsible for issuing penalty notices. Separate
arrangements apply in Northern Ireland.
The European social partners have been working on the issue of restructuring
 for a number of years and even tried to agree a common text. After a
first consultation, launched by the Commission in 2002, on how to anticipate
and manage the social effects of corporate restructuring, the social partners
negotiated ‘Orientations for reference in managing change and its social
consequences ’ in 2003.
Sweden was one of the four European Union member states that threatened to
overturn an EU 27 agreement to help strengthen the euro. However, having
taken a stand against the pact, the Swedish government and Swedish Social
Democrats (Socialdemokraterna ) finally accepted it on 27 January 2012.
After clearance from the Swedish parliament’s EU committee to approve
protocol changes agreed by the eurozone countries, Sweden decided not to
stand in the way of the pact.
The Fincantieri Group , a state-run Italian company controlled by the
Ministry of the Economy, is one of the most important shipbuilders in the
world. It employs about 8,500 people in Italy in eight ship-building yards,
producing cruise liners, cargo ships, merchant and military vessels. It also
controls various companies abroad.
The incidence and impact of flexible working arrangement and equality
policies in Irish workplaces are examined in a report, Workplace equality in
the recession? The incidence and impact of equality policies and flexible
working (1.18Mb PDF) , commissioned by the Equality Authority  and
released by the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI ) in November
2011. The study draws on data from the National Workplace Survey 2009 (2.14Mb
PDF) , collected after Ireland entered recession, and compares the
situation in 2009 with the findings of a similar survey conducted in 2003.
At the end of 2011, the Institute for Employment Research (IAB ) released
its latest findings on the female employment situation in Germany (in German,
452Kb PDF) . As earlier research has shown, career breaks play a major
role in widening the gender pay gap . They can also have a negative effect
on the participation rate of women in further training, worsen their
prospects for promotion and reduce their pension entitlements.
Flexicurity is a strategy intended to enhance both flexibility and security in the labour market and has been on the agenda of public and policy discussions across Europe since the 1990s. In light of the recent economic crisis, the question has arisen whether flexicurity, which was developed in times of good economic and labour market performance, would also work in ‘bad weather’. This research project aims to investigate the implementation of flexicurity across the European Union by analysing a large number of public and social partner-based instruments that combine an element of flexibility and security. This research should contribute to making the somewhat ambiguous concept of flexicurity more tangible, by providing numerous examples of how flexicurity can be realised.