Publications

1094 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Slovakia: Survey charts fall in union representation, bargaining and member benefits

    This report provides information on selected data monitored by the Information System on Working Conditions (ISPP) sample survey for Slovakia 2008–11. The proportion of organisations with employee representatives and covered by collective agreements in the survey decreased during this period. The average agreed growth of wage tariffs or nominal wages fell between 2008 and 2010. Higher wage increases were agreed in 2011 but the share of organisations involved decreased significantly. Similar trends have been seen in severance pay and discharge benefit agreements above the statutory minimum levels. Compared to 2008, a slight increase in average weekly working time was recorded for 2009–11.
  • Moving from flexicurity to ‘mobication’

    Production, services and employment conditions are changing. Much attention has focused on the economic crisis triggered by the financial crisis, and there are of course good reasons to address the economic problems and loss of jobs caused by the crisis. However, in the long run the biggest challenge will probably not be cyclical crises but structural changes. Four major structural changes can be identified:
  • Eurobarometer survey examines active ageing

    In January 2012, the European Commission issued a Eurobarometer survey on active ageing (8.9Mb PDF) [1] as part of the 2012 European Year for Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations [2]. The survey is based on the responses of 31,280 individuals in the EU27 and five other countries (Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Norway and Turkey) between September and November 2011. The survey was carried out using face-to-face interviews in people’s homes, using a questionnaire in the national language. Random sampling was used. [1] http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_378_en.pdf [2] http://europa.eu/ey2012/
  • Educated and healthy older people are more active

    The Ministry of Social Affairs [1] conducted a wide-ranging study on ageing (in Estonian, 503 Kb PDF) [2] in cooperation with GfK Custom Research Baltic [3]. They questioned 1,004 people aged 50–74 about their financial situation, activity and quality of life and assessed their findings in the light of the respondents’ educational level. The findings may be useful to those responsible for developing policies to promote and enhance active ageing. [1] http://www.sm.ee/eng.html [2] http://www.sm.ee/fileadmin/meedia/Dokumendid/Sotsiaalvaldkond/kogumik/VEU2009_FINAL2.pdf [3] http://www.gfk.lv
  • Danish Presidency sets out social and employment objectives

    The Commission has been looking into the posting of workers as part of a review of the posted workers directive (Directive 96/71/EC [1]), which dates from 1996. The Danish Presidency states that a proposal to strengthen the enforcement of the directive will be a priority. [1] http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:31996L0071:EN:HTML
  • Sanctions for not closing the gender pay gap

    The legislative pressure on the social partners over wage inequality between women and men has been increasing for the last 10 years. In 2001, the law of 9 May 2001 (in French) [1] obliged companies to negotiate on the question of workplace gender equality [2]. In 2006, this obligation was extended by the law of 23 March 2006 (in French) [3] in order to eradicate the wage gap between men and women, but without any sanctions being imposed. Finally the law of 9 November 2010 (in French) [4], reforming the pension system, included a penalty of up to 1% of the payroll costs for companies with at least 50 employees, and which had not met their responsibilities to reduce the pay gap by 1 January 2012. This law was supplemented by a decree dated 7 July 2011 (in French) [5] and a circular dated 28 October 2011 (in French, 2.31Mb PDF) [6] detailing how the penalty will be applied. [1] http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000000756495&fastPos=2&fastReqId=2129647834&categorieLien=cid&oldAction=rechTexte [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/gender-equality [3] http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000000816849&fastPos=1&fastReqId=1105393020&categorieLien=cid&oldAction=rechTexte [4] http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000023022127&fastPos=1&fastReqId=660455811&categorieLien=cid&oldAction=rechTexte [5] http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/jopdf/common/jo_pdf.jsp?numJO=0&dateJO=20110709&numTexte=24&pageDebut=11930&pageFin=11932 [6] http://www.circulaires.gouv.fr/pdf/2011/11/cir_33991.pdf
  • Deadline for harmonising employment statutes

    In a ruling of 7 July 2011, the Belgian Constitutional Court (Grondwettelijk hof [1]) gave the Belgian legislator two years to abolish the difference in employment statutes between blue-collar workers (arbeiders) and white-collar employees (bedienden), because it violates constitutional rules on discrimination and equal treatment. [1] http://www.const-court.be/
  • Unions force government back to table on working time

    During the presentation of the state budget proposal for 2012, in October 2011 the Portuguese government announced its intention to increase daily working time in the private sector by half an hour without giving workers any financial remuneration, arguing that this would increase the country’s competitiveness.
  • Collective agreement sets tone for 2012 wage bargaining

    On 17 December 2011, the Swedish Forest Industries Federation (Skogsindustrierna [1]) and the Swedish Paper Workers’ Union (Pappers [2]) reached a new collective agreement for 15,000 blue-collar workers within the pulp and paper industry in Sweden valid from 1 February 2012 to 31 March 2013. [1] http://www.forestindustries.se/web/About_us.aspx [2] http://www.pappers.se/home/da/content.nsf/aget?openagent&key=swedish_paper_workers_union_1296047313140
  • National framework agreement for the commerce sector

    Collective bargaining in the commerce sector has traditionally been fragmented, with multiple agreements concluded for different subsectors and at different levels (regional, interprovincial, provincial). The last national agreement was signed in 1996 and it reformed the collective bargaining regulation of 1994 which transferred certain matters, previously regulated by the Workers’ Statute, to collective bargaining.

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