11 February 2004
This summary is based on the illustrative report (EF0354) on quality of life in Europe, which presents the descriptive and analytical components that could be used in the Foundation’s monitoring programme on quality of life. If individual and national quality of life is to be improved in the European Union through evidence based social policy, this will require both descriptive and analytical monitoring programmes. This report begins the task of providing both a descriptive benchmark for the monitoring programme and an analytical understanding of the processes that shape these patterns. A concept report (EF02108) and an information sheet (EF0341) on this topic are also available.
22 January 2004
The economy of the USA grew at a relatively moderate pace in 2002, with real GDP growing 2.4% for the year. However, growth was much stronger than the 0.3% in 2001, reaching 5% and 4% respectively in the first and third quarters of 2002. The second and fourth quarters, however, saw growth of 1.3% and 1.4% respectively, suggesting a somewhat up-and-down recovery from the 2001 recession.
22 January 2004
Real GDP growth for 2002 was 0.1%, marking a second consecutive year of economic stagnation. Behind this was a downturn in consumer spending in the private sector, accompanied by a contraction in private investment due to a decline of 4.9% in corporate capital expenditure (following a 1.3% increase in 2001) and of 4.8% in housing investment (following a 5.5% decrease in 2001). Domestic demand fell 0.6% (compared with a 1.1% increase in 2001) due to a downturn in government spending caused by continuing cutbacks in investment (in public works). Meanwhile, the effects of a moderate recovery in the global economy served to push exports up 8.2% (following a 6.1% decline in 2001) and to generate an upswing of 0.7% (down 0.7% in 2001) in external demand, enabling the economy to avoid negative growth by a narrow margin. However, although the downturn in the Japanese economy was generalised, viewed in terms of fluctuations in economic indicators and the business cycle, there were indications that - in contrast to the slowdown of 2001 - 2002 marked a period of relative recovery.
08 January 2004
Communiqué is the newsletter of the Foundation. It is published 6 times per year and provides up-to-date news and information on the Foundation's work and research. This issue contains the following articles: 2004 programme presents challenges and opportunities; Spotlight on social policy for Irish EU Presidency; Local partnerships can boost social inclusion; Reaping the gains of industrial change; Use of IT in publishing and media; Cross-border coordination in the EU motor sector; Better employment prospects for ill, disabled; Web user survey results; New working conditions observatory takes shape.
22 December 2003
Supporting social inclusion through partnerships with civil society is the focus of this fourth Foundation paper. It draws largely on research carried out by the Foundation in this area over the past decade. This paper outlines the strategic and practical importance of civil society in supporting social inclusion. It looks at the role of partnerships in this area, for example between social partners and public authorities at local and regional level, and it proposes guidelines to assist policymakers in strengthening the role of civil society. Foundation papers aim to highlight knowledge and analysis emanating from the Foundation’s research themes: employment, equal opportunities, social inclusion, time use and diversity. The objective of the papers is to make past, present and future work of the Foundation relevant and accessible in a synthesised format. The subject of each paper will be linked to current social policy issues and offers therefore a timely contribution to the debate at European level.
08 December 2003
The objective of this report is to awaken the interest of the research community in surveys of working conditions, and to illustrate how a variety of working conditions surveys are conducted in different European and other industrialised countries. In this case, priority has been given to a descriptive analysis of the surveys. The background for this study dates back to July 2001, when the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions announced its interest in financing an analysis of the national working conditions surveys being conducted in the European Union. Every five years, the Foundation conducts a working conditions survey in the Member States of the European Union. This survey was conducted in 1990/91, 1995 and 2000. Similar data collection systems exist on a national scale in Europe and other industrialised countries (Australia, Canada, Japan and the United States).
04 December 2003
The European Monitoring Centre on Change (EMCC), at the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, commissioned two scenarios relating to the fishing industry: Sustainable eFishing and Troubled waters. The aim was to assess the impact of information and communication technologies (ICT) on the fishing industry across Europe.
18 November 2003
In a specially commissioned article for EIRO, David Thaler of the US Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, presents a personal view of the role of industrial relations in the structural change of organisations in the USA.
17 November 2003
Communiqué is the newsletter of the Foundation. It is published 6 times per year and provides up-to-date news and information on the Foundation's work and research. This issue contains the following articles: Approaching enlargement; Changes in Europe’s financial services market; Foundation seminar: living and working conditions in 2010; EIRO expands to cover ten enlargement countries; Promoting employee financial participation.
12 November 2003
The Foundation carried out its Third European Working Conditions Survey in the 15 Member States of the European Union (EU) in 2000. In 2001, the survey was extended to cover the 12 acceding and candidate countries and the following year the...