24 August 2015
This report examines the upward and downward trends in job quality across the EU from 1995 to 2010. The improvement and harmonisation of working conditions are core objectives of the European Union, but many factors affect job quality.
08 December 2009
Working time policies, although designed within the national and sectoral framework and the boundaries of institutional regulations, are fine-tuned and implemented at the level of each company, taking account of the environment in which the company operates and the workforce it is employing. Hence, companies have placed more importance on working time organisation in recent years. In light of this, the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions launched in 2004 its first Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work–Life Balance (ESWT), covering a large array of working time arrangements such as flexible working hours, overtime, part-time work, work at unusual hours, childcare leave or other forms of long-term leave, and phased or early retirement.
27 October 1997
On 14 December 1995, the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC), the Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE) and the European Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and of Enterprises of General Economic Interest (CEEP) signed a European framework agreement allowing employees to take parental leave. Since this agreement was not itself binding on Member States, an EU Directive - which had to be incorporated into the national legislation of every Member State - was adopted in June 1996 formalising the scheme. In Belgium's case, this took place in April 1997 through a collective agreement negotiated in the National Labour Council  for all private-sector employees, which comes into effect in 1998.  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/national-labour-council