EurWORK European Observatory of Working Life

EurWORK content

  • EU level: Latest developments in working life Q2 2020

    Activities of the European Commission and social partners regarding the COVID-19 pandemic, the high-level hearing on implementing the European Pillar of Social Rights and a fair EU minimum wage initiative are the main topics of interest in this article. This EU update reports on the latest...
  • Industrial democracy

    Definition Eurofound defines industrial democracy as a participatory and democratic process which encompasses the participation rights of employers and employees in the governance of employment relationships, either directly or indirectly, via trade unions, works councils, shop stewards or other...
  • EU labour law directives and national collective agreements: A clash of cultures?

    Collective agreements are among the panoply of national measures deemed appropriate mechanisms for the implementation of EU directives in the fields of social and employment policy and industrial relations. This role of collective agreements is prescribed by Article 153(3) of the Treaty on the...
  • Minimum wages in low-paid sectoral collective agreements

  • Gender equality strategy

    Definition The gender equality strategy frames the European Commission’s work on gender equality. It sets out the policy objectives and key actions for 2020–2025, following on from the Commission’s 2016–2019 strategic engagement for gender equality. The new strategy aims to achieve a gender-equal...
  • Global Deal

    Definition The Global Deal is a multistakeholder partnership launched by Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Löfven in September 2016. It aims to address challenges in the global labour market – notably globalisation, digitalisation and climate change – so that everyone can benefit. Robust industrial...
  • Advocate general of the CJEU

    Definition An advocate general is a magistrate who assists the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) in the performance of its functions. An advocate general is responsible for presenting an ‘opinion’ on the cases assigned to them with complete impartiality and independence. Background and...
  • COVID-19 pandemic

    Definition COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by a new strain of coronavirus. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans. In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections which are highly contagious, ranging from the...
  • Right to leave the workstation

    Definition The ‘right to leave the workstation’ allows an employee to leave their workstation if they feel threatened, without retaliation from the employer. This right was invoked by many workers in the EU in the context of the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic. Background and status The workers’ right to...
  • Critical occupations in essential services

    Definition The term ‘critical occupations’ has taken on a new meaning during the 2020 COVID-19 global crisis. According to the European Commission, critical occupations refer to jobs that have been essential in fighting the pandemic, as well as those that ensure economic continuity in times of...

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