EurWORK European Observatory of Working Life

EurWORK content

  • Representativeness of the European social partner organisations: Audiovisual sector

    This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in the European sectoral social dialogue committee for the audiovisual sector. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective...
  • Developments in working time 2019–2020

    This report addresses the main developments in statutory and collectively agreed working time regulation in 2019 and 2020. It covers several aspects of the duration of working time in the EU, such as information on maximum numbers of working days and weeks, normal working weeks and paid annual...
  • Minimum wages: Annual review 2021

    As part of an annual series on minimum wages, this report summarises the key developments during 2020 and early 2021 with an emphasis on social partners’ roles and views. It looks at how minimum wages were set in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and how minimum wages act as a reference for...
  • LGBTIQ Equality Strategy

    Definition The ‘LGBTIQ Equality Strategy 2020–2025’ is the first-ever European Commission strategy on equality for lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, non-binary, intersex and queer (LGBTIQ) people. The strategy was announced by President Ursula von der Leyen in her 2020 State of the Union address. It...
  • Videoconferencing and social dialogue

    Definition ‘Videoconferencing’ is the use of audiovisual equipment connected by the internet or a dedicated network, which allows people in different places to communicate with one another. During the COVID-19 crisis, such tools have been widely used, including in social dialogue. Background and...
  • Minimum wages in Austria: Setting, adequacy and policy debate

  • Minimum wages in Italy: Setting, adequacy and policy debate

  • Minimum wages in Cyprus: Setting, adequacy and policy debate

  • Worldwide guarantees

    Definition Worldwide guarantees represent a commitment to improving employees’ working conditions in multinational companies, ensuring the same employment rights and level of social protection in their different operations across the world. Recently, some multinational companies have pledged to...
  • Member States are dawdling on gender pay transparency

    The gender pay gap in gross hourly earnings in the EU was 14.8% in 2018. To help combat discriminatory pay practices by employers, the European Commission recommended in 2014 the introduction of pay transparency measures in all Member States. But more than half still have not implemented any such...

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