Shifts in the job structure in Europe during the Great Recession

Report
Updated
16 January 2012
Published
16 January 2012
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Abstract

This report describes the impact of the ‘great recession’ on employment and the job structure in the EU27. It finds that despite a net loss of over five million jobs between 2008–2010, employment continued to grow in top-paying jobs, largely in knowledge-intensive services and business services. Meanwhile, sharp losses in medium-paying jobs in construction and manufacturing led to a shrinking of employment in the middle of the wage spectrum. More jobs were lost to men than to women and employment levels of older workers grew while those of core-age and, in particular, younger workers declined. Part-time work expanded across the wage spectrum while levels of temporary employment began to recover quickly from 2009 onwards after having borne the brunt of the early-recession job losses. An executive summary and an Annex 8 (Quintile charts) are available - see Related content.
  • Full report

    Number of Pages: 
    88
    Reference No: 
    ef1141
    Catalogue info

    Shifts in the job structure in Europe during the Great Recession

    This report describes the impact of the ‘great recession’ on employment and the job structure in the EU27. It finds that despite a net loss of over five million jobs between 2008–2010, employment continued to grow in top-paying jobs, largely in knowledge-intensive services and business services. Meanwhile, sharp losses in medium-paying jobs in construction and manufacturing led to a shrinking of employment in the middle of the wage spectrum. More jobs were lost to men than to women and employment levels of older workers grew while those of core-age and, in particular, younger workers declined. Part-time work expanded across the wage spectrum while levels of temporary employment began to recover quickly from 2009 onwards after having borne the brunt of the early-recession job losses.

  • Executive summary

    Number of pages: 
    2
    Reference No: 
    ef11411
    Catalogue info

    Mudanças na estrutura do emprego na Europa durante a Grande Recessão - Resumo executivo

    Authors: 
    Eurofound
    O presente relatório descreve o impacto da recessão no emprego na UE27, identificando mudanças nos níveis de emprego entre o segundo trimestre de 2008 e o segundo trimestre de 2010 e mostrando a distribuição dessas mudanças pelo espectro salarial. O relatório conclui que o emprego continuou a crescer no segmento superior desse espectro, sobretudo nos serviços que requerem um elevado nível de conhecimentos e nos serviços às empresas. Entretanto, perdas de postos de trabalho medianamente remunerados nos sectores da construção e da indústria transformadora conduziram à contracção do emprego nos segmentos intermédios do espectro salarial. Perderam se mais postos de trabalho masculinos do que femininos, enquanto os trabalhadores mais velhos foram os que mais beneficiaram da criação de postos de trabalho. Enquanto o trabalho a tempo parcial cresceu em todo o espectro salarial, o crescimento mais significativo do emprego desde 2009 registou se no segmento dos postos de trabalho temporários (e mal remunerados).



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