Slovenia: Representativeness of the European social partner organisations in the electricity sector

  • Observatory: EurWORK
  • Topic:
  • Published on: 23 January 2014



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In 2011, Slovenia’s electricity sector and coal industry showed a combined profit of €109.7 million, with the bulk of this being contributed by electricity production companies Grup HSE (64.7%), Group GEN (11.3%), distribution companies (19.5%) and the transmission company ELES (3.7%). In Slovenia all forms of primary energy sources are used for the production of electricity (forming 67.9% of total production). Collective bargaining takes place at sectoral level, with the Ministry of the Economy representing the employers, as well as at the company level with the single-employers and two trade unions.

Sectoral properties

Economic background

There has been an increase in employment in some subsectors of the electricity sector, from 2001 to 2011. In the last few years, employment in power generation has decreased, mainly in thermal power stations (fossil and nuclear). In the hydro and other production facilities involving renewable energy sources, employment has increased. Employment also decreased in transmission and distribution activities, but increased in the trade subsector. There has also been a large increase in the number of companies in the sector, from 233 in 2001 to 756 in 2011. The increase can be related to the opening up of the electricity sector and to the separation of distribution, transmission and sales in the electricity sector.

Sectoral coverage

This representativeness study covers companies and employees in the electricity sector, as defined by NACE Rev. 2 code 35.1:

35.1 Electric power generation, transmission and distribution

35.11 Production of electricity

35.12 Transmission of electricity

35.13 Distribution of electricity

35.14 Trade of electricity

Development of sectoral employment and companies

Table 1: Development of sectoral employment and companies
 

2001

2011

Number of companies in the sector (including one-person companies and self-employed)

233

756

Source of company data

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

Aggregate employment

6,413

7,057

Male employment

5,248

5,733

Female employment

1,165

1,324

Share of sectoral employment as a % of total employment in the economy

0.8%

0.9%

Source of employment figures

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

Aggregate employees

6,397

7,003

Male employees

5,234

5,684

Female employees

1,163

1,319

Share of sectoral employees as a % of total employees in the economy

0.9%

1.0%

Source of employee figures

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

Comment    

2. Overview of the industrial relations landscape in the sector

Industrial relations in the electricity sector in Slovenia have been relatively stable in terms of the actors involved, since 1996, when The Collective agreement of Electro-Economy of Slovenia was signed by the Ministry of the Economy on behalf of the employers and by the Trade Union of Energy Sector Workers of Slovenia (SDE) and Electro-Economy conference within the SDE on behalf of the employees. In 2008, the employers’ association covering the electricity sector became the Energy Industry Chamber of Slovenia (EZS). Collective bargaining at the company level is still a very important form of social dialogue. The financial crisis did not have any major impact on the structure of social partners. But the trade unions (especially the SDE) promoted the need for social dialogue and fought against the unilateral decisions made by the management of companies (such as Elektro Primorska) that might otherwise have had a negative impact on employees.

3. The sector’s trade unions and employer associations

This report includes detailed information on the following trade unions and employer associations:

(i) trade unions (or employees’ interest organisations) and employer organisations (or business associations) which are affiliated to the sector-related European Union Federation(s) or the sector-related European Employer/Business Federation(s) and represent members in the sector

The sector-related European employee organisations are:

  • IndustriAll Europa;
  • European Federation of Public Service Unions (EPSU).

The sector-related European employer organisations are:

  • The union of the electricity industry (EURELECTRIC).

(ii) trade unions and employer organisations which are party to sector-related collective bargaining and represent members in the sector.

This report does not include detailed information on the following organisations, because they fall outside the remit of the study:

iii) Affiliates to EU-level sectoral social partners, but without members in the sector. These are the affiliates of EPSU and IndustriAll Europa that have members in other sectors but not in the electricity sector. Use these weblinks for a full list of the IndustriAll affiliates and EPSU affiliates.

iv) Organisations which are involved in sector-related collective bargaining, but do not represent members in the sector.

v) Organisations which represent members in the sector, but are not involved in sector-related collective bargaining, and are not members of EU-level sectoral social-partner organisations

3a. Please list all the organisations which can be related to the study in the following overview table

Table 2: Overview of industrial relations landscape

Organisation abbreviation

Sector related (members in the sector)

Member of a sector-related European organisation

Involved in sector related CB

Fact sheet included

Source of information

SDE

Yes

Yes (EPSU)

Yes

Yes

http://www.sindikat-sde.si/

EZS

Yes

Yes (EURELECTRIC)

No

Yes

http://www.gzs.si/slo/panoge/energetska_zbornica_slovenije

ZDS

Yes

No

No

Yes

http://www.zds.si/si/

KNSS – Neodvisnost

Yes

No

No

No

http://www.knssneodvisnost.si

KNG

No

Yes (IndustriAll)

No

No

http://www.sindikat-kng.si

KSS Pergam

No

Yes (IndustriAll)

No

No

http://www.sindikat-pergam.si

SKEI

No

Yes (IndustriAll)

No

No

http://skei.si

STUPIS

No

Yes (IndustriAll)

No

No

http://www.sindikat-stupis.si/glavni.htm

Annex 1 at the end of this questionnaire provides the list of all the organisations which are members of the sector-related European organisations, broken down by country.

4. Collective bargaining in the electricity sector

4.1. Are employees in the sector as defined in Section 1 above and in Table 1 covered by collective bargaining?

Yes

4.2. If yes, please consider the five main relevant* collective agreements (single-employer and multi-employer agreements) valid in 2012 in the electricity sector and indicate their levels, the name of the agreements, respective coverage in terms of sectors/activities, the bargaining parties to the agreement and the numbers of employees covered within the electricity sector (also estimate):

Table 3: Five main relevant collective agreements (single-employer and multi-employer agreements) valid in 2012

Level

Common name

Sectoral

coverage

No. of

employees covered

within the electricity sector

Bargaining parties

Employer(s)

(in case of single-employer

agreements) or

Employer

organisation(s)

(in case of multi-employer agreements)

Trade union(s)

Multi-employer agreement:

Sectoral

The Collective agreement of Electro-Economy of Slovenia

For companies involved in the production, transfer or distribution of electricity for profit or as a public utility service and for companies dealing with other activities necessary for the needs of the electro-economy, if agreed by both parties to the agreement.

7,057

Ministry of Economy

Trade Union of Energy Sector Workers of Slovenia (SDE) and Electro-Economy conference within the SDE

Single-employer agreement:

Company

Company collective agreement Elektro Ljubljana d.d.

All employees

880 (2012)

Elektro Ljubljana d.d

Trade Union of Energy Sector Workers of Slovenia

Single-employer agreement:

Company

Company collective agreement Elektro Maribor d.d.

All employees

783 (2012)

Elektro Maribor d.d.

Trade Union of Energy Sector Workers of Slovenia

Single-employer agreement:

Company

Company collective agreement Elektro Celje d.d.

All employees

716 (2012)

Elektro Celje d.d.

Trade Union of Energy Sector Workers of Slovenia

Single-employer agreement:

Company

Company collective agreement Elektro-Slovenija, d.o.o. (ELES)

All employees

530 (2012)

Elektro-Slovenija, d.o.o.

Trade Union of Energy Sector Workers of Slovenia and The Confederation of New Trade Unions of Slovenia (KNSS – Neodvisnost)

* Relevance is measured in terms of employees covered.

5. The system of collective bargaining

5.1. Estimate the sector’s rate of collective bargaining coverage (i.e. the ratio of the number of employees covered by any kind of collective agreement to the total number of employees in the sector).

All employees are covered by the sectoral collective agreement.

5.2. Estimate the relative importance of multi-employer agreements and of single-employer agreements as a percentage of the total number of employees covered. (Multi-employer bargaining is defined as being conducted by an employer association on behalf of the employer side. In the case of single-employer bargaining, it is the company or its subunit(s) which is the party to the agreement. This includes the cases where two or more companies jointly negotiate an agreement or an employer organisation negotiates on behalf of only one company.)

The Collective agreement of Electro-Economy of Slovenia, signed by the Ministry of the Economy on behalf of the employers, and by the Trade Union of Energy Sector Workers of Slovenia (SDE) and Electro-Economy conference within the SDE on behalf of the employees, is valid for all companies involved in the production, transfer or distribution of electricity for profit or as a public utility service, and for companies dealing with other activities necessary for the needs of the Electro-economy, if agreed by both parties to the agreement. Most employees are also covered by the single-employer agreement at the company level.

5.2.1. Is there a practice of extending multi-employer agreements to employers who are not affiliated to the signatory employer association/s?

No.

5.2.2. If there is a practice of extending collective agreements targeting employers, is this practice pervasive or rather limited and exceptional?

6. Formulation and implementation of sector-specific public policies

6.1. Do tripartite bodies dealing with sector-specific issues exist? If yes, please indicate their domain of activity (for instance, health and safety, equal opportunities, labour market, social security and pensions etc.), their origin (agreement/statutory) and the interest organisations having representatives in them:

Table 4: Sector-specific public policies*

Name of the body and scope of activity

Bipartite/tripartite

Origin: agreement/statutory

Trade unions having representatives (reps)

Employer associations having reps

Economic and Social Committee in the energy sector (ESOE)

ESOE monitors economic and social conditions in the sector and cooperates in the preparations of the legislation, provides recommendations and proposals for the legislative changes and initiatives for new regulations

Tripartite

Rules on the operation of the Economic and Social Committee in the energy sector (2008)

Trade Union of Energy Sector Workers of Slovenia

Energy Industry Chamber of Slovenia

* Sector-specific policies specifically target and affect the sector under consideration.

7. Data on the trade unions

SDE

Trade Union of Energy Sector Workers of Slovenia

Sindikat delavcev dejavnosti energetike Slovenije

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No: only domestic companies with public or mixed ownership

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes, manufacture and distribution of gas and mining

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Both single- (company agreements) and multi-(national, inter-sectoral and sectoral bargaining) employer bargaining

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

 

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis and

On a regular basis

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

 

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

 

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

-

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

EPSU

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

The Union of Free Trade Unions of Slovenia (Zveza svobodnih sindikatov Slovenije, ZSSS)

Source of information

Trade union:

Ms. Nada, administrative officer, 20 February, by phone and email; 5 March, by email; 13 March, by phone, 15 March, by phone;

Boris Sevčnikar, vice president, 15 March, by phone and email.

Website/other secondary sources: http://www.sindikat-sde.si/

EIRO national correspondent: Helena Kovačič

KNSS-Neodvisnost

The Confederation of New Trade Unions of Slovenia

Konfederacija novih sindikatov Slovenije

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

No: production of electricity and trade of electricity are not covered

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No: only domestic companies with public ownership

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes: electronics, metal industry, food products, commerce

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

No

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

N.A.

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

 

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

No

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

 

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

19,000 (estimate for 2008)

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

Information not available for public

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

-

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

-

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

Economic and Social Council of Slovenia

Source of information

Trade union:

Evelin Vesenjak, secretary to the KNSS, 19 March by phone.

Website/other secondary sources: http://www.knssneodvisnost.si

EIRO national correspondent: Helena Kovačič

8. Data on the employer associations

GZS – EZS

Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Slovenia – Energy Industry Chamber of Slovenia

GZS - Energetska zbornica Slovenije

The employer organisation’s

domain

 

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all (legal) forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc.) (of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the electricity sector, in all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies and/or business activities outside the electricity sector?

Yes, coalmining

General information on the organisation

 

Is the employer organisation engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Multi-employer bargaining (national, inter-sectoral, sectoral bargaining)

How many companies are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

-

How many employees are covered by the sector-related collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

-

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the employer organisation being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the employer organisation?

On an ad-hoc basis

Members

 

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

68 (2010)

How many employees work in these member companies in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

9,909 (2010)

How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the electricity sector only?

-

How many employees work in these member companies within the electricity sector only?

-

Are the largest electricity companies affiliated to this employer organisation?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

EURELECTRIC

To which national-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

-

Source of information

Employer organisation:

Nada Lalovič, administrative officer, 20 February by phone and email, 5 March by email, 14 March by phone.

Niko Martinec, president, 20 February by email, 5 March 5 by email;

Klemen Vehovar, assistant, 14 March by email.

Website/other secondary sources: http://www.gzs.si/slo/panoge/energetska_zbornica_slovenije

EIRO national correspondent: Helena Kovačič

ZDS
Association of Employers of Slovenia
Združenje delodajalcev Slovenije

The employer organisation’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

No: transmission and trade of electricity are not covered

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all (legal) forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc.) (of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No: only domestic companies with public, mixed and private ownership

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the electricity sector, in all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies and/or business activities outside the electricity sector?

Yes, construction, commerce, textile, chemicals, metal, agriculture and food production, transport,

General information on the organisation

 

Is the employer organisation engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

No

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

-

How many companies are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

-

How many employees are covered by the sector-related collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

-

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the employer organisation being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the employer organisation?

On an ad-hoc basis

Members

 

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

1,400

How many employees work in these member companies in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

More than 60% of all employees (2012)

How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the electricity sector only?

-

How many employees work in these member companies within the electricity sector only?

-

Are the largest electricity companies affiliated to this employer organisation?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

BIAC – OECD, IOE-ILO

To which European-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

BUSINESSEUROPE

To which national-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

-

Source of information

Employer organisation: Frida Bertoncel, 20 March by phone.

Website/other secondary sources: http://www.zds.si/si/

EIRO national correspondent: Helena Kovačič

9. Inter-associational relationships

9.1 Inter-union relationships

9.1.1 Please list all trade unions covered by this study whose domains overlap within the sector.

Trade Union of Energy Sector Workers of Slovenia (SDE)

The Confederation of New Trade Unions of Slovenia (KNSS-Neodvisnost)

9.1.2 Do rivalries and competition exist among the trade unions within the sector, concerning the right to conclude collective agreements and to be consulted in public policy formulation and implementation?

No.

9.1.3 If yes, are certain trade unions excluded from these rights?

9.2 Inter-employer association relationships

9.2.1 Please list all employer associations covered by this study whose domains overlap within the sector.

Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Slovenia – Energy Industry Chamber of Slovenia (GZS–EZS)

Association of Employers of Slovenia (ZDS)

9.2.2 Do rivalries and competition exist among the employer associations within the sector, concerning the right to conclude collective agreements and to be consulted in public policy formulation and implementation?

No.

9.2.3 If yes, are certain employer associations excluded from these rights?9.2.4 Are there large companies or employer associations within the sector which refuse to recognise the trade unions and refuse to enter collective bargaining?

No.

9. Commentary

In sectoral collective bargaining the Ministry of the Economy still plays a major part in representing employers in sectoral collective bargaining. In the coming years the government will have to make a strategic decision about its involvement in companies in this sector, and whether to privatise the main companies , which is opposed by both trade unions.

Helena Kovačič, Organizations and Human Resources Research Center

Annex: Organisations which are members of the sector-related European organisations

 

EPSU

IndustriALL

EURELECTRIC

AT

GDG, VERDI

PRO-GE

Österreichs E-Wirtschaft 

BE

CSC, CSC - Services Publics, SLFP,

CGSP ACOD,

CGSP-P, CGSP-G

GAZELCO Distrigas,

CG-FGTB,

CGSP-ACOD Gazelco,

CGSP Admi

ACV/CSC BIE,

LBC-NVK,

SETCA-BBTK

FEBEG,

SYNERGRID asbl

BG

NSFEB,

FEW-Podkrepa,

PK Services,

FCIW-PODK,

NDWU, VODOSNABDITEL,

FITUGO,

FCIW-PODKREPA

NF Energy - CL Podkrepa,

NFE,

NEWF Podkrepa

 Bulgarian Electric Power Association

CY

FSGEC, PASYDY

FPUEAE

Electricity Authority of Cyprus

CZ

OS UNIOS,

Public Services International,

OS ECHO,

OS DLV, RWE

OS ECHO

CSZE

DE

VERDI

IG BCE

BDEW

DK

3F workers union,

DM, PEU, FOA,

DK Funktionærforbund,

DEF,

CO Industri

 Dansk Energi

EE

AEEWTU

AEEWTU - EEAÜL

The Union of Electricity Industry of Estonia

ES

FITAG-UGT,

AGBAR,

FSAP-CCOO,

FSP UGT

FITAG-UGT,

FITEQA-CC.OO,

ELA-HAINBAT,

FI CC.OO,

UNESA

FI

JYTY, JHL, UNION of SALARIED EMPLOYEES,

PARDIA,

SÄHKÖLIITTO,

UIL (INSINÖÖRILIITTO),

Energiateollisuus ry

FR

CGT – FNME, FPSPSS-FO, CGT-SP, Public Services International, PSI,

INTERCO CFDT,

FNEM-FO, CFTC,

UNSA, FNME-CGT,

FCE-CFDT,

FNEM FO

UFE

GR

-

PFEPPRCI,

GENOP-DEI

HELAS

HU

VKDSZ, EVDSZ, HVDSZ 2000

V.D.Sz.Sz. (EVDSZ),

BDSZ

EMT

IE

ESBOA, IMPACT,

SIPTU, Electricity Supply Board Officers Association

SIPTU

EAI

IT

FEMCA, UILCEM,

FP-CGIL, FLAEI-CISL, FILCTEM-CGIL,

UILCEM

UNEI

LT

LITUF, LVPF,

LTUSE

 

Nacionaline Lietuvos Elektros Asociacija 

LU

CGT-L,

Confédération Luxembourgeoise des Syndicats Chrétiens - Secteur Public, LCGB,

LCGB

Organisation des Entreprises d’Electricité du Luxembourg

LV

LTUE, LAKRS

ENERGIJA, LINA

LEEA

MT

GWU

 

ENEMALTA Corporation

NL

ABVAKABO FNV, CNV

FNV Bondgenoten,

ABVAKABO FNV, EON

FNV,

CNV Vakmensen

Energie-Nederland,

Netbeheer Nederland

PL

SKEE Solidarnosc,

PSS Solidarnosc

SGiE Solidarnosc,

PKEE

PT

Sindicato dos Trabalhadores da AdministraçãoPública,

STAL, SINTAP,

SINDEL, STE

SINDEL

ELECPROR

RO

GAZ ROM,

UNIVERS,

Public Services International,

ENERGETICA,

APA NOVA,

GAZ MEDIAS,

FS Gaz Romania

UFS ATLAS, FSLCP,

FNME, Hidrosind,

FS Hidrosind,

IRE,

SE

SEKO, NOFS,

VISION,

HK Kommunal,

KOMMUNAL, TRANSPORT, FACKFORBUNDET

UNIONEN, SEF,

SVERIGES INGENJORER,

SEKO

Svensk Energi Swedenergy AB

SI

SDE SLOVENIJE

SDE

Slovenian Chamber of Commerce, Energy Association, EURELECTRIC Section

SK

SOZE, TUWIFWS,

POZ,

Slovak Gas Industry Trade Union,

Slovak Trade Union of Health and Social Services,

ECHOZ, SOZPS,

SPP

ZOJES

ZZES

UK

Prospect, UNISON,

NIPSA, FDA,

Unite the Union,

GMB

GMB,

UNITE (ex-TGWU),

UNITE the UNION

ENA, Energy UK, ERA

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