The gender employment gap: Challenges and solutions

Report
Updated
11 October 2016
Published
11 October 2016
Formats
Executive summary in 22 languages

PDF

Abstract

Women’s labour market participation in the European Union has increased over recent decades, passing 70% in 2014. In that year, women comprised almost 46% of the active EU labour market population. Nevertheless, women’s employment and participation rates are still lower than those of men in almost all Member States. Fostering higher participation of women is crucial to meet the Europe 2020 target to achieve an overall employment rate of at least 75% by 2020. This report explores the main characteristics and consequences of gender gaps in labour market participation. It finds that the total cost of a lower female employment rate was €370 billion in 2013, corresponding to 2.8% of EU GDP. The report also examines policies and measures aimed at fostering female labour market participation, which could be central to closing gender gaps. An executive summary is available - see Related content. An annex, published separately, contains details of policy measures to support the labour market participation of women. 

  • Full report

    Number of Pages: 
    106
    Reference No: 
    EF1638
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-1550-8
    Catalogue: 
    TJ-02-16-865-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/75749
    Catalogue info

    The gender employment gap: Challenges and solutions

    Women’s labour market participation in the European Union has increased over recent decades, passing 70% in 2014. In that year, women comprised almost 46% of the active EU labour market population.

    Available formats

  • Executive summary

    Reference No: 
    EF16381
    Catalogue info

    As disparidades de género no emprego: desafios e soluções

    Authors: 
    Eurofound

    A participação das mulheres no mercado de trabalho da União Europa aumentou nas últimas décadas, tendo ultrapassado os 70 % em 2014. Nesse ano, as mulheres representavam quase 46 % da população ativa no mercado no mercado de trabalho da UE. No entanto, as taxas de emprego e de participação das mulheres ainda são inferiores às dos homens em quase todos os Estados-Membros. A promoção da participação das mulheres é crucial para o cumprimento da meta de uma taxa de emprego global mínima de 75 % até 2020, no âmbito da estratégia Europa 2020. Este relatório estuda as principais características e consequências das disparidades de género na participação no mercado de trabalho. Conclui que o custo total de uma taxa de emprego mais baixa entre as mulheres ascendeu a 370 mil milhões de euros em 2013, o correspondente a 2,8 % do PIB da UE. O relatório avalia igualmente políticas e medidas destinadas a fomentar a participação das mulheres no mercado de trabalho, que possam ser determinantes para reduzir as disparidades entre géneros.

    Available in 22 languages for download

    PDF
Useful? Interesting? Tell us what you think. Hide comments

Add new comment