Monitoring EU convergence

Upward convergence in the EU: Concepts, measurements and indicators

Report
Updated
17 December 2018
Published
17 December 2018
Formats
Executive summary in 22 languages

PDF

Abstract

In the wake of an economic crisis that had a very uneven impact on social outcomes across EU Member States, EU leaders and policymakers have come to acknowledge that to make social Europe a reality, social convergence must be given an equal footing to economic convergence in policymaking. In this context, and with rising concern over disparities in the social progress of Member States, Eurofound has established a research strand to provide the evidence on whether and where socioeconomic trends are converging or diverging across countries. This report establishes a conceptual framework to support Eurofound’s research on convergence. It develops a methodological strategy to examine convergence and applies it to investigate patterns across the EU in 37 indicators. These encompass four areas of the social domain: employment, working conditions, living conditions and socioeconomic factors. It finds that since the crisis, there has been upward convergence in 23 of the indicators.

 

  • Full report

    Number of Pages: 
    74
    Reference No: 
    ef18003
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-1798-4
    Catalogue: 
    TJ-03-18-486-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/68012
    Catalogue info

    Upward convergence in the EU: Concepts, measurements and indicators

    In the wake of an economic crisis that had a very uneven impact on social outcomes across EU Member States, EU leaders and policymakers have come to acknowledge that to make social Europe a reality, social convergence must be given an equal footing to economic convergence in policymaking. In this context, and with rising concern over disparities in the social progress of Member States, Eurofound has established a research strand to provide the evidence on whether and where socioeconomic trends are converging or diverging across countries.

    Available formats

  • Executive summary

    Reference No: 
    ef180031
    Catalogue info

    Convergência ascendente na UE: conceitos, medições e indicadores

    Authors: 
    Eurofound

    Na sequência da crise económica, os líderes da UE e os decisores políticos acabaram por reconhecer que, para tornar a Europa social uma realidade, a convergência social deve ser vista em pé de igualdade com a convergência económica na elaboração de políticas. Neste contexto, a Eurofound criou uma vertente de investigação para fornecer provas sobre se, e em que pontos, as tendências socioeconómicas estão a convergir ou a divergir entre os países. Este relatório estabelece um quadro conceptual com vista a sustentar a investigação da Eurofound sobre a convergência. Desenvolve uma estratégia metodológica para examinar a convergência e aplica-a para investigar padrões em toda a UE em 37 indicadores. Esses indicadores abrangem quatro áreas do domínio social: emprego, condições de trabalho, condições de vida e fatores socioeconómicos.

    Available in 22 languages for download

    PDF
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