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  • Article
    27 April 1997

    It emerged in April 1997 that the former president of the Irish Congress of
    Trade Unions (ICTU), Phil Flynn, is expected to play a key role in the new
    "partnership-based" industrial relations structure currently being drawn up
    between management and unions at Ireland's state-owned airline, Aer Lingus.
    Over 4,000 workers are employed by the airline and a further 1,600 by its
    maintenance subsidiary, TEAM.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    In March 1997, Guardian Europe SA, signed its first-ever collective agreement
    for blue-collar workers. The deal provides for pay increases, while its
    provisions on other terms and conditions largely mirror statutory provisions.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    On 8 April, AKZO-Nobel and the unions reached agreement on both working time
    reductions and pay increases. The dispute, which had served to divide
    AKZO-Nobel and the industrial unions since 13 March (NL9703108N [1]), was
    resolved to everyone's satisfaction.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/akzo-nobel-abandons-a-standard-36-hour-week

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    Padraig Flynn, the commissioner responsible for employment, industrial
    relations and social affairs, announced on 3 April 1997 that the Commission
    is to take infringement proceedings against three member states for their
    failure to apply certain Community legislation in the social field. Reasoned
    opinions outlining the Commission's view are to be sent to France, Italy and
    Greece. The details of the cases are as follows:

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    In April 1997, the Confindustria employers' confederation organised a
    "virtual demonstration "of around 14,000 employers against a government
    exercise to raise public revenue and reduce spending by a total of ITL 15,500
    billion, deemed necessary to keep Italy's 1997 budget within the parameters
    set by the Maastricht Treaty on European Union.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    An arbitration award delivered on 11 April 1997 has decided that blue-collar
    employees who are members of trade unions affiliated to the largest union
    confederation, the Swedish Trade Union Confederation (LO) will face a
    reduction in sick pay entitlement.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    The law on social welfare, adopted in November 1995, included provisions on a
    range of matters, such as: the submission of the social security budget to
    parliamentary vote; the setting up of a new tax known as "social security
    deficit clearance" (Remboursement de la dette sociale); the abolition of
    pension funds relating to specific sectors, which sparked off the rail strike
    in November and December 1995 and was finally withdrawn; and the setting up
    of personal health record books. One of the provisions related to the
    reduction of health expenditure and a reorganisation of the healthcare
    system. Two types of redistribution in particular were provided for:

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    The German chemical industry enjoys a long tradition of successful
    consensus-based industrial relations. In spring 1996, the bargaining partners
    concluded a "solidarity pact" in the form of a package of regional and
    national collective agreements. The agreements ran for 12 months and covered
    590,000 employees in western Germany. The aim of the deal was to meet the
    challenges of globalisation and structural change, as well as to extend the
    competences of the social partners at enterprise and company level. The
    implementation of the two most important elements of the solidarity pact -
    the employment alliance and the collective agreement on part-time work for
    older workers - has recently been reviewed.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    HK, the largest affiliated trade union of the Danish Confederation of Trade
    Unions (LO), with 357,000 members, has launched a two-month image and
    recruitment campaign. DKK 4 million will be spent on newspaper advertisements
    and bill boards, which will be followed up by local initiatives. The campaign
    will aim to improve recruitment and visibility, initiate debates on
    objectives, and explain the utility value of being a member.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    The annual report of the Labour Inspectorate (Arbeitsinspektion) for 1995,
    has now become available to the public after debate in parliament. The
    Arbeitsinspektion's activities are regulated by the 1993 Labour Inspection
    Act (Arbeitsinspektionsgesetz, ArbIG). This stipulates that the Labour
    Inspectorate has to contribute through its activities to an effective
    protection of employees, and especially has to watch over compliance with
    protective legal regulations and to inform and support employers and
    employees accordingly. The Labour Inspectorate has free access to all places
    of employment as well as housing and accommodation and welfare institutions.
    Exceptions are places of employment covered by other organisations - as in
    agriculture and forestry, mining, areas of the transport sector and public
    education - as well as religious buildings, private households, and offices
    of the territorial administration.

Series

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications