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  • Article
    27 April 1997

    Shortages of jobs, alternating periods of employment and unemployment and
    lack of job security are the main features of the current employment
    situation for young people in Spain. For some of them this is a temporary
    situation, but others will find it hard to escape. However, the reform of
    labour market procedures that is currently being put before Parliament may go
    some way towards improving working conditions.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    Government plans to amend Finnish legislation to bring it into line with EU
    equality law have recently proved controversial with the Finnish
    Confederation of Salaried Employees (STTK). Following negotiations, further
    discussion of the issue has been postponed to autumn 1997.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    Some 25,000 blue-collar workers are covered by the agreement between the
    Employers' Association of the Swedish Wood Products Industry and the Swedish
    Wood Industry Workers' Union, reached on 4 April 1997. All employees receive
    across-the-board minimum pay increases of SEK 1 per hour. In addition, the
    local parties have SEK 0.95 an hour per worker at their disposal to allocate
    on an individual basis. The settlement represents an overall increase in pay
    of 3.1%.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    On 8 and 9 April 1997 the Confederation of German Trade Unions (Deutscher
    Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB) invited representatives from the trade unions,
    employers associations and main political parties to an "Employment summit".
    Just one year after the failure of the "Employment Alliance" (DE9702202F
    [1]), DGB aimed to renew the debate among the social partners and politicians
    on how to create new employment in Germany. In January 1996 the social
    partners and the Government had signed a joint statement in which all parties
    agreed on the central aim of halving unemployment by 2000. Since then,
    unemployment figures have not improved at all. On the contrary, in March 1997
    nearly 4.5 million people were officially registered as unemployed - the
    highest March figure since 1945.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/bargaining-in-1996-from-the-employment-alliance-to-the-sick-pay-dispute

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    On 17 April 1997, the Spanish Parliament endorsed the new convergence
    programme released by the Government, the /1997-2000 Stability Plan/.
    Employers and unions have expressed certain doubts about this programme: the
    employers' associations consider that it is feasible, but do not rule out the
    possibility that a severer adjustment will be necessary than expected; the
    trade unions suspect that the programme may involve cuts in social
    expenditure and have expressed their disagreement with the privatisation plan
    that accompanies it.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    On 15 April 1997, the Almega Industrial and Chemical Association and the
    Industrial Union concluded a new collective agreement on wages and general
    terms and conditions of employment for blue-collar workers in the
    pharmaceutical, rubber, plastic and paint industries. It runs from 1 June
    1997 to 30 April 1998.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    For the first time in many years, six trade unions in the Paris region have
    decided to take part in a single demonstration for Labour Day, 1997,
    protesting against racism and xenophobia.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    On 22 April 1997, the management board at Ford Germany and the company works
    council (Gesamtbetriebsrat) signed a new works agreement to secure
    investment. In the agreement, Ford management promises new investments at the
    five German Ford plants at Cologne, Düren, Berlin, Wülfrath and Saarlouis.
    Although the exact figures have not been published it is estimated that
    investments will total about DEM 10 billion in the next few years.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    After 10 months of discussions and three months of intense negotiations, in
    April 1997 the main trade unions and employers' associations in Spain for the
    first time reached an agreement on labour market reform. This is a bipartite
    agreement which reduces the cost of dismissal and attempts to promote secure
    employment. The Government is likely to introduce legislation to support the
    reform.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications