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  • Article
    27 February 1997

    It is expected that the fate of the Forges de Clabecq steelworks will be
    sealed on 15 June 1997. However, whatever the outcome of the recovery
    operation by the Swiss-Italian industrial concern, Duferco, something will
    have changed in this Belgian enterprise located some 15 miles from Brussels
    in the province of Brabant. Beyond the event in itself - the closure of a
    firm leading to the loss of 1,800 jobs - which has not itself been
    exceptional over the last few months in Belgium, it is the style of activity
    undertaken by the Forges de Clabecq union delegation [1] that has revealed a
    new union climate.


  • Article
    27 February 1997

    The Italian Government and social partners are currently implementing their
    tripartite "Pact for Employment" (Patto per il Lavoro), which is intended to
    promote employment and foster economic development in Italy through the
    introduction of a wide and complex set of policies. The agreement, signed on
    24 September 1996, is of the utmost political importance as it falls within
    within the framework of the renened social concertation strategy that has
    been pursued over the 1990s. The Pact earmarks a total amount of about ITL
    15,000 billion for its implementation over the 1997-1999 period.

  • Article
    27 February 1997

    On 21 January 1997, the two French electricity and gas public utility
    companies signed an agreement with three trade unions ( the CFDT, the CFTC
    and the CFE-CGC). This agreement is designed to improve their competitiveness
    and productivity while at the same time maintaining their workforce at
    current levels. This is to be achieved mainly through the introduction of
    part-time working. Both the CGT and the CGT-FO unions are strongly critical
    of this agreement.

  • Article
    27 February 1997

    The Trades Union Congress (TUC) launched its campaign to put workers' rights
    at the centre of the general election on 14 February 1997. The campaign,
    which will cost GBP 1 million, includes newspaper and cinema ads, billboards
    and leaflets.

  • Article
    27 February 1997

    1997's collective bargaining in the private sector is concentrating on three
    main issues: 100% wage compensation during maternity leave; further
    negotiations over the pension scheme initiated in 1991; and a limited wage
    increase to allow for inflation. The social partners in the different
    bargaining areas are largely in agreement on the content of the new
    collective agreements, but the central social partner organisations - the
    Danish Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) and the Danish Employers'
    Confederation (DA) - still cannot agree whether the new collective agreements
    should be of two or three years' duration.

  • Article
    27 February 1997

    At the end of 1996, the major trade unions and employers' associations signed
    the Second National Agreement on Continuing Training (II Acuerdo Nacional de
    Formación Continua), which was later endorsed by a tripartite agreement
    between these organisations and the Government. The new agreements build on
    certain basic aspects of the continuing training system in Spain that was
    started in 1993, though they also introduce some important innovations.

  • Article
    27 February 1997

    On 18 September 1996, the European Commission adopted a /Communication
    Concerning the Development of the Social Dialogue Process at Community Level/
    (COM(96) 448 final). Launching the Communication, the commissioner
    responsible for social affairs, Padraig Flynn, said that the time had come to
    reform and adapt the social dialogue in view of the new challenges facing the
    European Union in years to come. The Commission was" aiming at a
    rationalisation of structures and an optimal allocation of the resources

  • Article
    27 February 1997

    On 6 February 1997, theSwedish Paper Workers' Union and the Employers'
    Federation of Swedish Forest Industries told the conciliators Lars-Gunnar
    Albåge and Rune Larson that they accepted their proposal for a national
    collective agreement on wages for 1997. There had been two stumbling blocks
    in the negotiations: the trade union's claim for a reduction of annual
    working time by 25 hours; and the employers' insistence on an agreement that
    would run for at least two years. The outcome is an agreement on wages only,
    that runs for one year, backdated to 1 January 1997.

  • Article
    27 February 1997

    Telecom Eireann's plan to introduce personal contracts for 300 of its
    managers who report directly to senior executives must be seen in the context
    of the company's effort to implement a major programme of change to meet the
    requirements of EU-driven deregulation requirements. A Telecom redundancy
    package was also reactivated recently, one of several in recent years, as the
    company seeks to reduce costs. It is also to enter talks with the union
    representing general workers in Telecom, the Communications Workers Union, on
    a proposed IEP 110 million cost savings plan.

  • Article
    27 February 1997

    In accordance with its 1995 collective agreement, Akzo Nobel has evaluated
    the effects of "working time differentiation" and more flexible working hours
    on employment. Since the effects appear positive, a 36-hour week is expected
    to be introduced by 1 July 1997.


  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications