Publications

682 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • 1998 Annual Review for Portugal

    This record reviews 1998's main developments in industrial relations in Portugal
  • 1998 Annual Review for the United Kingdom

    In the third quarter of 1998, the UK's GDP was 2.5% higher than a year earlier. Balance of trade in goods was in deficit by GBP 3.9 billion, compared with GBP 2.6 billion a year earlier. In December 1998, the all-items retail prices index (RPI) inflation rate stood at 2.8%, down from 3.0% in November.
  • UK and Spain issue joint statement on employment

    In what is believed to be an unprecedented bilateral initiative between the governments of the two countries, the UK and Spain issued a joint statement in early December designed to influence the debate at the Vienna European Council meeting on 11-12 December 1998 about the EU's strategy for generating employment growth (EU9812141N [1]). The implicit intention of the declaration appears to have been to emphasise the centrality of continued labour market reform in boosting employment, as against the possibility of more interventionist job-creation measures favoured by some other Member States. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/vienna-summit-reaffirms-employment-as-priority
  • Government proposes performance-related pay for teachers

    On 3 December 1998, the Department for Education and Employment published a consultative green paper, Meeting the challenge of change [1], outlining plans for a radical reform of the teaching profession. One key objective is the introduction of a new career and pay structure, designed to raise teaching standards by rewarding high performance by classroom teachers. At present, progression beyond the top of the main professional grade is dependent not on classroom performance but on teachers taking on managerial responsibility within schools. The government is now proposing a two-tier pay scale for classroom teachers, with a new higher scale separated from the existing one by a performance threshold, based on appraisal and assessment. To cross the threshold, teachers will need to demonstrate "high and sustained levels of achievement and commitment". Head teachers will assess and review teachers' progress, underpinned by external assessment. [1] http://www.dfee.gov.uk/teachers/greenpaper/index.htm
  • Agreement on flexible working arrangements at Rover

    On 11 December 1998, it was announced that a ballot of union members at Rover, the motor manufacturer, had overwhelmingly endorsed an agreement negotiated between management and union officials involving 2,500 job losses and more flexible working hours. The changes had been sought by Rover's German parent company, BMW, as the price for new investment in Rover and keeping open the Longbridge production plant in Birmingham which employs around 14,000 people. BMW management maintained that a 30% productivity gap existed between the Longbridge plant and BMW plants in Germany, which had to be narrowed by means of more flexible working practices.
  • Two million UK employees affected by national minimum wage

    New research by the UK government's Office for National Statistics (ONS) uses data from the 1998 New Earnings Survey and the spring 1998 Labour Force Survey to produce an estimate of the number and percentage of employees likely to be affected by the introduction of the statutory national minimum wage (NMW) in April 1999 (UK9807135F [1]). As well as estimating the aggregate impact of the NMW, the ONS has also analysed its impact by sex, full-time/part-time status, region, occupational group and industry division. The findings of the research are published in the December 1998 issue of the official publication /Labour Market Trends/. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/the-national-minimum-wage-report-of-the-low-pay-commission
  • 1998 Annual Review: EU-level developments and comparative overview

    The end of 1998 marked a milestone in the development of the European Union. On 1 January 1999, 11 Member States officially adopted the European single currency, the euro (the third stage of Economic and Monetary Union, EMU). Of the EU Member States, only Denmark, Greece, Sweden and the UK remain outside the "euro-zone", but it appears inevitable to many observers that at least most of these countries will join the single currency in the not too distant future. In 1998, the impact of EMU on industrial relations was assessed more widely than before and was the subject of keen debate for the social partners at European, national and regional levels.
  • 1998 Annual Review for Sweden

    According to calculations made in December 1998, the economic growth rate was 2.8% and average annual inflation measured by the EU Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices was 1.1%. Unemployment figures continued to decrease, and the EU harmonised unemployment rate for Sweden fell from 9.1% in December 1997 to 7.5% in December 1998. Unlike 1997, when the fall in unemployment was largely explained not by a corresponding rise in employment but by the fact that the number of full-time students increased, employment started to rise rapidly in the second half of 1998, primarily in the private sector. In some occupations there was even a shortage of qualified labour.
  • Volvo plans 5,300 job losses worldwide

    Early in November 1998, Swedish media reported that metalworkers made redundant by the ball-bearing manufacturing company SKF in Gothenburg were to work for Volvo Cars, which was short of labour. Two weeks later, the management of the Volvo group announced that it planned redundancies for 5,300 workers worldwide, including 2,600 in Sweden and 1,100 in other European countries. Cutbacks were to be effected before mid-1999. At the time of writing, the management has not specified which units are likely to be affected and how the cutbacks would operate. It did however promise that cutbacks would be carried through "in a socially responsible and dignified manner and in full agreement with the trade unions".
  • Cutbacks at Vattenfall energy group affect 1,000 employees

    In late September 1998, the large Swedish energy group Vattenfall announced that 1,000 of its 8,000 employees would have to be made redundant before the year 2000. The oldest employees would be offered early retirement, while others were to take part in training to prepare them for new tasks in the group. Some 500 workers would, however, be dismissed.

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