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research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articleson working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.
Traditional theory about international business suggests that companies first establish a solid home market and go global only in later stages of their life cycle. However, this view is challenged by research that shows that some firms internationalise quickly after start-up – so-called ‘born globals’. These firms are assumed to be strongly innovative and growth-oriented, and hence could well contribute to the economic and labour market recovery Europe is seeking after the global financial crisis. Read more in the report.
Traditional theory about international business suggests that companies first establish a solid home market and go global only in later stages of their life cycle. However, this view is challenged by research that shows that some firms internationalise quickly after start-up – so-called ‘born globals’. These firms are assumed to be strongly innovative and growth-oriented, and hence could well contribute to the economic and labour market recovery Europe is seeking after the global financial crisis. So far, little is known about the full economic potential of these companies and how best to support them. This study aims to close this knowledge gap by providing a summary of literature and secondary data to characterise born globals and pinpoint their main strengths and weaknesses as well as economic and labour market potential.
The Spanish government has approved the national budget for 2013. The aim of
the budget is to meet the deficit reduction goals agreed with the Eurogroup
, targeted at 6.3% of gross domestic product (GDP) for 2012, 4.5% of GDP
for 2013, and 2.8% of GDP for 2014.
The Dutch coalition government formed by the liberal People’s Party for
Freedom and Democracy (VVD ) and the social democratic Dutch Labour Party
(PvdA ) is seeking support from social partners for its coalition
The Belgian government headed by Elio Di Rupa agreed in December 2011,
shortly after taking office, on a structural reform of pension regulations in
the country. The age at which workers are able to retire on a state pension,
and the minimum age for early retirement were increased. Pension calculations
were also changed, while the conditions governing the early retirement with
an enterprise bonus scheme (RCC ) – used in cases where business
restructuring is taking place – were tightened.
On 19 June 2012, 600 people took part in a demonstration in front of the
headquarters of Belgium’s National Employment Office (ONEM/RVA ) over
reforms to the benefits system. The protest was organised jointly by the
three Belgian unions, the Confederation of Christian Trade Unions (ACV
/CSC ), the Belgian General Federation of Labour (ABVV/  FGTB )
and the Federation of Liberal Trade Unions of Belgium (ACLVB /CGSLB ).
On 28 September 2012, Latvia’s Cabinet of Ministers  submitted its draft
state budget for 2013 to the parliament (Saeima ) for approval. In
contrast to the austerity budgets of previous years, the budget for 2013
called for increased financing in sectors most affected by the crisis –
public administration, education, healthcare and for the police, firefighters
and other security services. In the second half of 2011, the government began
to restore bonus payments for state administration and healthcare
Eurofound gathers information on living and working conditions across Europe in order to provide knowledge to assist in the development of social and work-related policies. This fact sheet presents information about Ireland drawn from two of Eurofound’s major research undertakings, the European Quality of Life Survey and the European Working Conditions Survey.
On 13 September 2012, teachers in Slovakia held a one-day strike in support
of a 10% pay increase. Teachers in schools, kindergartens and universities
walked out between 08.00 and 18.00 after the strike was called by the Trade
Union Association of Workers in Education and Science (OZPŠaV ).
Proposals for renewed industrial action in Cyprus’s building sector has had
widespread support from construction workers. According to estimates by the
Pancyprian Federation of Labour (PEO ) and the Cyprus Workers’
Confederation (SEK ), there was almost 100% support from construction
workers for the 48-hour strike called on 22 and 23 November 2012. The unions
say nearly 40,000 workers took part, a much higher rate of participation than
in the 24-hour strike held in February 2012 (*CY1202039I* ). The February
strike was called in protest at the government’s austerity measures.