European Working Conditions Survey - Candidate Countries (2001)

The 2001 European Working Conditions Survey was an extension of the 2000 survey to cover the then Candidate Countries (Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Romania, Bulgaria, Cyprus and Malta). The fieldwork for the 12 countries was carried out in May and July 2001. The survey was extended to Turkey during 2002 and results for all thirteen countries were included in the final descriptive report published in 2003.

The samples in the twelve countries included 11,500 employees and self-employed people (1,000 in each country with the exception of Malta and Cyprus, where data were collected from 500 workers). The survey is based on the same methods as the three previous European Working Conditions Surveys conducted in 1990, 1995 and 2000 allowing for comparisons between the two blocks of countries.

According to the survey, there were considerable differences between the ‘old’ Member States (EU15) and the then Candidate Countries.

Some key findings:

  • weekly working hours were significantly longer in the new / applicant Member States (44.4 hrs compared to 38.2 hrs);
  • part-time work was less prevalent (7% compared to 17%);
  • more women were in paid employment in the new member states and a higher proportion of them in management positions (37% compared to 34%);
  • some 40% of workers in the new / applicant Member States believe their health and safety is at risk due to work compared to 27% in EU15.

Main publications and documents:

Based on the findings from the 2001 survey, two thematic comparative studies were prepared:

The survey questionnaire: EN | FR (pdf); BG | CY | CZ | ET | HU | LT | LV | MT | PL | RO | RU | SK | SL (Word docs)

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