Executive summary

  • Representativeness of the European social partner organisations: Footwear sector - Executive summary

    This study provides information designed to encourage sectoral social dialogue in the footwear industry. The aim of Eurofound’s series of studies on representativeness is to identify the relevant national and supranational social partner organisations in the field of industrial relations in selected sectors.

  • Exploring self-employment in the European Union - Executive summary

    Self-employment in the European Union is in a process of continual change. While the proportion of the self-employed in the EU28 Member States is stable, its composition has shifted. While on the one hand there has been a decline in employment in agriculture (generally self-employment), on the other hand the proportions of self-employed workers in the services sector and public sector have increased.

  • Working time patterns for sustainable work - Executive summary

    Working time is a recurrent topic of study because the nature of work, its content, the conditions under which it is performed and the labour market itself keep changing.

  • In-work poverty in the EU - Executive summary

    This report examines the social ramifications of in-work poverty by describing the well-being and living conditions of the working poor. It also looks at different measures adopted by governments to prevent or alleviate in-work poverty, especially indirect measures that improve the living standards of the working poor.

  • Estimating labour market slack in the European Union - Executive summary

    The unemployment rate is an important and well-publicised measure of labour market performance in developed market economies. It is currently high in the EU compared with other developed countries and still well above its historical average nearly a decade after the beginning of the global financial crisis.

  • Employment transitions and occupational mobility in Europe: The impact of the Great Recession - Executive summary

    The aim of this report is to investigate the effect of the Great Recession on labour market flows and to explicitly link these individual-level transitions to the broad labour market developments during the crisis, such as the surge in unemployment and the phenomenon of job polarisation.

  • Occupational change and wage inequality: European Jobs Monitor 2017 - Executive summary

    During 2016, employment in the EU finally returned to the same level as before the global financial crisis. The recovery that began in 2013 has resulted in the net creation of eight million new jobs. Most of this net new employment has been created in services, but there has also been a marked rebound in manufacturing employment, with around 1.5 million new jobs.

  • Innovative changes in European companies - Executive summary

    Innovation in its various forms is considered an important driver of improved competitiveness, productivity and the growth potential of companies. By innovating both in their products and in workplace practices and processes, European workplaces may have a better chance to compete internationally.

  • Social mobility in the EU - Executive summary

    Across the EU, citizens and governments of Member States are becoming increasingly concerned that – for the first time in decades – younger generations will have fewer opportunities for upward social mobility than receding generations. This concern is shared by those on low incomes and the middle classes. This report sheds new light on the debate on social mobility in EU Member States and provides new evidence on patterns of intergenerational social mobility.

  • Representativeness of the European social partner organisations: Railways and urban public transport - Executive summary

    This study aims to provide the necessary information to encourage sectoral social dialogue in railways and urban public transport. Eurofound’s series of representativeness studies, carried out at the request of the European Commission, sets out to identify the relevant social partner organisations to be consulted under the provisions of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).