Reorganisation of European level representation of Hungarian employers

Following intense communication among the organisations concerned, it was agreed a major change in employers’ representation at UNICE, and in general at European level. The nine Hungarian employers’ association has agreed to suspend activities and disband CEHIC by June 2005. MGYOSZ, one of the major encompassing employers’ association, became the sole Hungarian member of UNICE.

Since the mid-nineties there have been nine consolidated national level employers’ associations in Hungary, all of them are members of the national tripartite forum (Országos Érdekegyeztető Tanács, OÉT). The nine organisations are the following:

  • National Federation of Craftsmen Boards (Ipartestületek Országos Szövetsége, IPOSZ)
  • Confederation of Hungarian Employers and Industrialists (Munkaadók és Gyáriparosok Országos Szövetsége, MGYOSZ)
  • National Federation of Traders and Caterers (Kereskedők és Vendéglátók Országos Érdekképviseleti Szövetsége, KISOSZ)
  • National Association of Strategic and Public Utility Companies (Stratégiai és Közszolgáltató Társaságok Országos Szövetsége, STRATOSZ)
  • National Association of Entrepreneurs and Employers (Vállalkozók és Munkáltatók Országos Szövetsége, VOSZ)
  • Hungarian Industrial Association (Magyar Iparszövetség)
  • National Federation of Agricultural Cooperatives and Producers (Mezőgazdasági Szövetkezők és Termelők Országos Szövetsége, MOSZ)
  • Agrarian Employers’ Federation (Agrár Munkaadói Szövetség, AMSZ)
  • National Federation of Consumer Co-operatives (Általános Fogyasztási Szövetkezetek Országos Szövetsége, ÁFEOSZ)

Out of the nine organisation only MGYOSZ and VOSZ are all encompassing associations, claiming to represent any company, while the others are rather representing sectoral interests - like the two associations active in agriculture -, or particular groups of companies, like SMEs, various co-operatives or major public utility companies (for instance, the latter is the foremost organising principle of STRATOSZ.)

Those associations, which had sectoral or particular character, during the nineties established relationship with their respective European level associations. STRATOSZ, for example, became a member of CEEP. None the less, the membership in UNICE remained unresolved, as the European organisation insisted on its organisational principle: to accept a single employers’ organisation from each country. To meet with that requisition, in January 1988, the nine employers’ association created an umbrella organisation, called Confederation of Hungarian Employers' Organisation for International Co-operation (CEHIC) in order to provide a single interface for international, and particularly, European level representation, especially as far as cooperation with UNICE concerned. By establishing CEHIC all national employers' organisations accepted to act jointly on issues of international importance. The General Assembly of CEHIC, the Confederation's supreme decision-making body, was consisting of the nine authorised representatives of the member associations. CEHIC was accepted on the 4th December 1998 to be an associate member to UNICE.

Following, the accession of Hungary to the European Union, the situation of CEHIC has changed. Before accession, a simple information providing/clearing house role was acceptable for all partners involved. As Hungary has become a Member State, it become clear to all partners involved, that representing interests of Hungarian employers in UNICE needs a real employers’ association, with solid membership base and permanent representation, instead an umbrella organisation with rotating representatives. Following intense communication the nine Hungarian employers’ association has agreed to suspend activities and disband CEHIC by June 2005. MGYOSZ, one of the major encompassing employers’ association, became the member of UNICE. The other eight employers’ association continues to work with their respective European level partners, representing sectoral and other particular interests at European level.

MGYOSZ came to life by the amalgamation of Hungarian Employers Association (Magyar Munkaadók Szövetsége, MMSZ) and Federation of Hungarian Industrialists (Gyáriparosok Országos Szövetsége, GYOSZ) in July 1998. MGYOSZ, arguably, is one of the biggest employers’ associations, representing the interest of about 6,000 employers. It has 43 sectoral, 3 regional, 13 county-wide and 2 local member-associations. So far nearly 100 large corporations have joined the confederation directly.

This information is made available through the European Industrial Relations Observatory (EIRO), as a service to users of the EIROnline database. EIRO is a project of the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. However, this information has been neither edited nor approved by the Foundation, which means that it is not responsible for its content and accuracy. This is the responsibility of the EIRO national centre that originated/provided the information. For details see the "About this record" information in this record.

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