Lithuania: Launch of Information Centre for posted and migrant workers
On 21 April 2016, the first Information Centre in Europe for posted and migrant workers was opened in Lituania at the Kalvarija border crossing post near the Lithuanian-Polish border.
The opening was officiated by Georges Dassis, President of the European Economic and Social Committee. The purpose of the Information Centre is to provide information and advice to posted workers and labour migrants. The number of posted and migrant workers has been steadily increasing in the Baltic region and lack of information and practical advice has been a problem both for employers in order to ensure safe working conditions and for employees in order to defend their rights.
The Information Centre will provide information on issues such as employment contracts, employment relationships, payment of daily allowances, calculation of working time and rest time, hence contributing to strengthening social policy in Lithuania. The Centre is also equipped with rooms where workers can rest and examination rooms for long-distance drivers (the majority of workers crossing the border are driving), where they can have medical consultations on occupational and other health issues. Information in the Centre is provided in Lithuanian, Latvian, Estonian, Polish, Russian and Byelorussian; advice is also available on dedicated lines in all these languages.
According to the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, posted workers in the EU accounted for 0.7% of the total EU workforce in 2014, representing a 44.4% increase compared to 2010. The number of posted workers sent from Lithuania increased by 111% in 2014 compared to 2010. Most of the posted workers are sent from Lithuania to Germany, Norway and France. Currently, the majority of posted workers are operating in the construction and transport sectors. Posting is also common in the manufacturing, service (education, social work) and business service (administration, finance) sectors. There is a demand in foreign labour markets for construction, assembling of metal structures, ship building, repairs and electrical installation industries.