Representativeness has various meanings across the 28 Member States and Norway. In practice, few national systems correspond to an unalloyed form of either mutual recognition or legal conformity. Member States employ a combination of these principles, applying a mix of both formal and informal criteria. In addition to the fundamental dichotomy of the representativeness concept – based on compliance with legal requirements or based on mutual recognition – the report looks at three elements or drivers with the potential to contribute in different ways to representativeness of social partners: electoral success, organisational strength in terms of the scope of membership, and the capacity to negotiate. Read more in the report - see Related content.