Slovakia - Annual update on pay 2012

  • Observatory: EurWORK
  • Topic:
  • Published on: 10 July 2013



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Ludovit Cziria
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Disclaimer: This information is made available as a service to the public but has not been edited by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. The content is the responsibility of the authors.

Note: non applicable questions have been skipped in the national contributions

1 – General collectively agreed pay increases

1.1 Indexation of salaries

1.1.1 Is a mechanism on wage indexation in place in your country? If so, please briefly describe the main features (name of agreement/law, is it the basis for further agreements, who makes the agreements…).

No; there is no mechanism on wage indexation in the country.

1.2 Central agreements or minimum increases set by government covering ‘the whole’ or major parts of the economy

In some countries major (cross-sectoral) agreements between social partners or minimum increases prescribed by government exist which cover either ‘the whole’ or major parts of the economy and serve as a basis for further agreements to be made at different levels. Please note that this might be but is not necessarily different from the increase in minimum wages asked for in section 3.

1.2.1 If there is such an agreement in your country, please provide the name of the agreement.

Minimum wage increase for 2012 was set by the government decree. Because social partners were not able to agree on increase of the minimum wage level, the government unilaterally decided on its increase. See section 3.

1.3 Sectoral pace or trend setting agreements

In some countries major sectoral agreements serve as pace-setting agreements, i.e. the negotiated increases are then taken in other sectors as well.

1.3.1 If there is such an agreement in your country, please provide the name of the agreement.

No such agreement.

1.4 ‘Average’ of collectively agreed pay increases as evidenced in databases or surveys

1.4.1 In your country: is there a statistical source, which allows the calculation of weighted or non-weighted averages of collectively agreed pay rises across major parts of the economy? If so, please give the name of the statistical source and weblink;

Yes; The annual sample survey Informačný systém o pracovných podmienkach (ISPP). It is ssued by MPSVR SR and Trexima Ltd. www.trexima.sk

1.4.2 What was the average collectively agreed increase per annum stemming from this database (from 2011 to 2012 and from 2010 to 2011)

It was 3.6% increase of nominal wages agreed in collective agreements from 2011 to 2012 and 3.7% from 2010 to 2011.

1.4.3 How are data collected and what is the coverage of the source? (e.g.: Mode of collection: Survey or administrative register; Coverage: Full sample of all collective agreements of the country vs. only private sector agreements vs. only agreements in companies of certain sizes etc.)

ISPP data are collected via regular annual surveys in a group of companies (reporting units) of different ownership, type and size from all regions. The number of companies and number of employees included into the survey slightly vary in individual years. In 2012, the sample covered 5,261 companies with 842,000 employees that represent almost 43% of employees in the economy.

The survey covered a sample of 22 multi-employer collective agreements in 2011 and 23 agreements in 2012 from all relevant sectors of the economy as well as single-employer collective agreements concluded in surveyed companies. About 34% of organisations included in the sample were covered by collective agreements.

1.4.4 How many agreements are included in this average figure and at which level(s) (company, sectoral, cross-sectoral) are agreements included?

In total 1,733 and 1,801 company level collective agreements were included in 2011 and 2012 respectively.

1.4.5 Have the averages provided been weighted, and if so: at the basis of which factors have the weights been applied? (E.g.: employees covered vs. payrolls, vs. companies covered etc.)

No.

1.4.6 Please provide any additional comments.

No additional comment.

2 – Pay increases related to three sectors

2.1 Please provide us with the main features of sector related pay setting.

Table 1
 

Metal

Banking

Local Government

What's the dominant level of bargaining/pay setting in relation to the sector?

Multi-employer as well as single-employer collective bargaining.

Multi-employer as well as single-employer collective bargaining.

Multi-employer collective bargaining.

Is pay set at the following levels as well?

At higher than sectoral level (for instance, also inter-professional or cross-sectoral agreements) (Y/N)

N

N

N

Sectoral level (also overlapping to other sectors or regional level agreements) (Y/N)

N

N

.

Y; also covers education and health care sectors.

Company level (Y/N)

Y

Y

Y

Please briefly describe the articulation of CB on wages between different bargaining levels. (For instance: Company bargaining to supplement sectoral bargaining)

Multi-employer collective agreements set the minimum average wage increase in the sector. This level can be increased in single-employer collective agreements in individual companies.

Multi-employer collective agreements set the minimum average wage increase in the sector. This level can be increased in single-employer collective agreements in individual companies.

Multi-employer collective agreements set the minimum average wage increase in the sector.

Table 1
Most important recent changes in the SECTOR RELATED collective bargaining system; please indicate whether and how those changes are related to (or the result of) the recent economic crisis; is there a trend toward decentralisation (please indicate if organised or disorganised), centralisation (or re-centralisation) of collective bargaining? What are the opinions of trade unions and employers’ organisations?

There were no relevant changes in the system of collective bargaining in the sector. Wage bargaining is more difficult during the economic crisis, and according to trade unions, moderate wage increases are agreed there.

There were no relevant changes in the system of collective bargaining in the sector. During the economic crisis, more moderate wage increases are agreed in the sector.

There were no significant changes in the system of collective bargaining in the sector. Wage bargaining was more difficult during the crisis and zero wage increases were agreed in the sector for 2011-12.

 
Any further remarks.      

2.2. Outcomes of sector related pay setting – Results from databases

2.2 If there is a database of collective agreements in place in your country, which allows to report “averages” of collectively agreed pay increases/increases set by law for the following sectors, please report them in the following table.

Table 2
  Metal Banking Local Government
  • of the statistical source and weblink;

Informačný systém o pracovných podmienkach (ISPP) 2011 and 2012 by MPSVR SR and Trexima Bratislava

www.trexima.sk

Details are available in the fact sheet

Details are available in the fact sheet
  • was the average collectively agreed increase per annum stemming from this database (from 2011 to 2012 and from 2010 to 2011)
3.6% increase of nominal wages in 2011/12 and 3.7% in 2010/11    

Does the datasource cover the whole sector or does it only cover parts? In case of partial coverage: what % of collective agreements is covered by the database?

It covers the whole sector    

2.3 Outcomes of sector related pay setting: Banking

  • In case only one agreement/law exists covering the whole sector, please report the outcome of this agreement.
  • In case more major agreements are valid FOR the sector, please report the three most important agreements and indicate at what level they have been negotiated. Please note that these might be BOTH higher or LOWEL LEVEL agreements as well.

Sector related agreement fact sheet 1 – Banking sector

Table 3
Name of the agreement

Multi-employer collective agreement in the banking sector for 2011-2013.

Signatory parties to the agreement Trade Union Association of Banking and Insurance Employees (OZPPaP) and Slovak Banking Association (SBA).
At what level has this agreement been negotiated/pay been set? Please refer to the levels from question 2.1 At the sectoral level
Is this agreement linked to any higher or lower level agreements, and if so, how?

No

Who in the sector (and possibly also beyond) is covered by this agreement?

All employees

What was the pay increase in the basic pay rate (including minimum wage rates):

• from 2011 to 2012;

• from 2010 to 2011?

.

2.5%

2.5%

What was the exact period (in months) for which the pay increase has been agreed:

• from 2011 to 2012; (e.g.: March 11 – February 12)

• from 2010 to 2011? (March 10 – February 11)

In case the agreement has been made for an indefinite duration (i.e. with no period for renewal mentioned), please state this.

.

From 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2013.

Have any additional lump sum payments been agreed?

Yes, bonuses for overtime work, work on holidays and night work.

Were there any wage-related clauses in the agreement (e.g.: division options, revision clauses, derogation clauses etc.)?

Yes, for instance minimum monthly wage in the sector.

How many employees are covered by this agreement within the sector? – In case extension mechanisms apply, please report the full sectoral coverage. A percentage estimate is enough!

About 20,000 employees are covered (2012)

Does the sectoral agreements incorporate any gender relevant aspects in the determination of pay?

For instance: special pay increases for occupations which are rather female dominated or amendments on pay increases during maternity leave, etc.

Yes, the ban of any gender wage discrimination.

Any further remarks you might want to make or figures you might want to report (e.g. wage drift figures available)?  

2.4 Outcomes of sector related pay setting: Local government

Sector related agreement fact sheet 1 – Local government

Table 4
Name of the agreement

Multi-employer collective agreements concluded for employees performing work in public interest for 2011 and 2012.

Signatory parties to the agreement

Representatives of Confederation of Trade Unions (KOZ SR) for public sector trade unions, Independent Christian Trade Unions of Slovakia (NKOS) and General Free Trade Union Association (VSOZ) on behalf of employees.

On behalf of employers, representatives of the government - ministers of finance, interior, labour, social affairs and family, education and health care, the Chair of Association of cities and villages (ZMOS) and chairs of Regional Self-governments signed the agreement.

At what level has this agreement been negotiated/pay been set? Please refer to the levels from question 2.1 At the sectoral level.
Is this agreement linked to any higher or lower level agreements, and if so, how?

No.

Who in the sector (and possibly also beyond) is covered by this agreement?

All employees performing work in public interest.

What was the pay increase in the basic pay rate (including minimum wage rates):

• from 2011 to 2012;

• from 2010 to 2011?

.

Zero

Zero

What was the exact period (in months) for which the pay increase has been agreed:

• from 2011 to 2012; (e.g.: March 11 – February 12)

• from 2010 to 2011? (March 10 – February 11)

In case the agreement has been made for an indefinite duration (i.e. with no period for renewal mentioned), please state this.

.

1 January to 31 December 2011

1 January to 31 December 2012

Have any additional lump sum payments been agreed?

No.

Were there any wage-related clauses in the agreement (e.g.: division options, revision clauses, derogation clauses etc.)?

Yes; depending on the actual situation in the economy, wage negotiations should start in May of the respective calendar year. Nevertheless, such negotiations did not take place in 2011 and 2012.

How many employees are covered by this agreement within the sector? – In case extension mechanisms apply, please report the full sectoral coverage. A percentage estimate is enough!

All employees in local governments who perform work in public interest – about 98,000 employees within the sector (2011).

Does the sectoral agreements incorporate any gender relevant aspects in the determination of pay?

For instance: special pay increases for occupations which are rather female dominated or amendments on pay increases during maternity leave, etc.

No.

Any further remarks you might want to make or figures you might want to report (e.g. wage drift figures available)?

No other comment.

Name of the agreement

Multi-employer collective agreements concluded for civil service for 2011 and 2012.

Signatory parties to the agreement

Representatives of Confederation of Trade Unions (KOZ SR) for public sector trade unions, Independent Christian Trade Unions of Slovakia (NKOS) and General Free Trade Union Association (VSOZ) on behalf of employees.

On behalf of employers, representatives of the government - ministers of finance, interior and labour, social affairs and family.

At what level has this agreement been negotiated/pay been set? Please refer to the levels from question 2.1

At the sectoral level.

Is this agreement linked to any higher or lower level agreements, and if so, how?

No.

Who in the sector (and possibly also beyond) is covered by this agreement?

All civil servants working in central and local governments.

What was the pay increase in the basic pay rate (including minimum wage rates):

• from 2011 to 2012;

• from 2010 to 2011?

.

Zero

Zero

What was the exact period (in months) for which the pay increase has been agreed:

• from 2011 to 2012; (e.g.: March 11 – February 12)

• from 2010 to 2011? (March 10 – February 11)

In case the agreement has been made for an indefinite duration (i.e. with no period for renewal mentioned), please state this.

.

From 1 January to 31 December of 2011

From 1 January to 31 December of 2012

Have any additional lump sum payments been agreed?

No.

Were there any wage-related clauses in the agreement (e.g.: division options, revision clauses, derogation clauses etc.)?

No.

How many employees are covered by this agreement within the sector? – In case extension mechanisms apply, please report the full sectoral coverage. A percentage estimate is enough!

About 82,000 (2011).

Does the sectoral agreements incorporate any gender relevant aspects in the determination of pay?

For instance: special pay increases for occupations which are rather female dominated or amendments on pay increases during maternity leave, etc.

No.

Any further remarks you might want to make or figures you might want to report (e.g. wage drift figures available)?

No additional comment.

3 – National minimum wages

This section aims to gather information on the developments and discussions regarding national minimum wages set by law or agreement, with respect to full adult rate and the youth rate.

3.1 What was the absolute level of the national minimum wage in national currency in 2011 and 2012.

It was €317.0 in 2011 and €327.2 in 2012.

3.2 What was the increase (in %) of the national minimum wage between 2011 and 2012?

From 2011 to 2012, it was 3.2% increase and 3% increase was from 2010 to 2011.

3.3 How many employees were receiving the national minimum wage in 2012? What was their proportion on the total workforce?

No precise data are available about actual number of employees receiving the minimum wage. According to qualified estimations, it can be 1.5- 2% of employees in the economy.

3.4 Is there a national minimum wage for youth is in place in 2012? What % of the full rate is paid from what age?

No.

3.5 How many young workers receiving the minimum wage rate for youth? What was their proportion of the total workforce from the given cohort?

n.a.

3.6 Did any developments regarding the calculation/negotiation of the minimum wage rates take place in 2012?

No.

3.7 Please describe any discussions or debates involving governments, social partners, or other relevant organisations about the national minimum wage (and the minimum wage for young workers) which took place during 2012.

Disagreements appear each year because trade unions demand to increase the minimum wage level but employers refuse to increase the minimum wage et all.

3.8 Please provide any additional comments, if required.

No additional comment.

Ludovit Cziria, Institute for Labour and Family Research.

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