Labour mobility in the EU: Recent trends and policies

Report
Updated
31 October 2014
Published
31 October 2014
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Executive summary in 24 languages

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Abstract

The European Commission promotes geographical mobility as a strategy to reduce discrepancies between supply and demand in European labour markets. While migration levels are low within and across EU Member States by comparison with other OECD regions, the proportion of EU migrants working in the EU is rising. EU-level efforts to promote mobility are sometimes overshadowed at national level by concerns over the potential negative effects of migrant inflows including the undercutting of local wage rates, the abuse of welfare systems and the financial burden that inactive migrants may put on welfare systems. This report documents the current picture of labour mobility within the EU, and puts forward some policy pointers for facilitating the flow of workers while minimising abuses of the migrant worker system and making for smoother transitions for migrant workers. An executive summary is available.

  • Full report

    Number of Pages: 
    76
    Reference No: 
    EF1456
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-1232-3
    Catalogue: 
    TJ-01-14-724-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/74031
    Catalogue info

    Labour mobility in the EU: Recent trends and policies

    The European Commission promotes geographical mobility as a strategy to reduce discrepancies between supply and demand in European labour markets. While migration levels are low within and across EU Member States by comparison with other OECD regions, the proportion of EU migrants working in the EU is rising.

    Available formats

    • Download full reportPDF
  • Executive summary

    Number of pages: 
    2
    Reference No: 
    EF14561
    Catalogue info

    Labour mobility in the EU: Recent trends and policies - Executive summary

    Authors: 
    Eurofound

    Migration within and between EU Member States is low: in 2010, the annual cross-border migration rate for the European working age population (15–64 years) was just 0.3% of the EU27 population, rising to around 1% for interregional migration. By comparison, the migration rate across the four main regions of the USA is 1.2%, while the rate across US states is 2.4%. Nonetheless, there is evidence that an increasing share of migration flows in the EU is accounted for by EU mobile workers, partly in response to differing labour market conditions across Member States. Read more in the report - See Related content.

    Available in 24 languages for download

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