Social mobility in the EU

Report
Updated
19 April 2017
Published
19 April 2017
Formats
Executive summary in 22 languages

PDF

Abstract

EU citizens are increasingly concerned that today’s young people will have fewer opportunities for upward social mobility than their parents’ generation. This report maps patterns of intergenerational social mobility in the EU countries. It first looks at absolute social mobility – how societies have changed in terms of structural and occupational change and societal progress. Then it turns to relative social mobility (‘social fluidity’) – the opportunities for individuals to move between occupational classes. The story of recent social mobility is explored using data from the European Social Survey (ESS) and findings from Eurofound’s Network of European correspondents across the EU Member States. The report also analyses the current policy discourse, examining to what extent social mobility has been visible on the policy agenda in different Member States and how it has been framed and discussed. It goes on to look at barriers to equal opportunities and policies to promote it. Finally, it focuses on developments in the last decade that could foster social mobility in childhood and early education, school and tertiary education, and the labour market. An executive summary is also available - see Related content.

Social mobility in the EU: Annexes 1 to 4

  • Full report

    Number of Pages: 
    90
    Reference No: 
    EF1664
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-1577-5
    Catalogue: 
    TJ-01-17-286-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/420671
    Catalogue info

    Social mobility in the EU

    EU citizens are increasingly concerned that today’s young people will have fewer opportunities for upward social mobility than their parents’ generation. This report maps patterns of intergenerational social mobility in the EU countries. It first looks at absolute social mobility – how societies have changed in terms of structural and occupational change and societal progress. Then it turns to relative social mobility (‘social fluidity’) – the opportunities for individuals to move between occupational classes. The story of recent social mobility is explored using data from the European Social Survey (ESS) and findings from Eurofound’s Network of European correspondents across the EU Member States.

    Available formats

  • Executive summary

    Reference No: 
    EF16641
    Catalogue info

    Social mobility in the EU - Executive summary

    Authors: 
    Eurofound

    Across the EU, citizens and governments of Member States are becoming increasingly concerned that – for the first time in decades – younger generations will have fewer opportunities for upward social mobility than receding generations. This concern is shared by those on low incomes and the middle classes. This report sheds new light on the debate on social mobility in EU Member States and provides new evidence on patterns of intergenerational social mobility. It examines to what extent family background has determined people’s prospects for social mobility over the last few decades. It identifies key barriers to social mobility and reviews policies aimed at facilitating upward social mobility and equal opportunities specifically in the areas of childcare, early education, schooling and the labour market. Read more in the report - see Related content.

    Available in 22 languages for download

    PDF
Useful? Interesting? Tell us what you think. Hide comments

Add new comment