Labour market change

European Jobs Monitor 2019: Shifts in the employment structure at regional level

Report
Updated
07 October 2019
Published
07 October 2019
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Executive summary in 22 languages

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Abstract

Accumulating evidence indicates that large metropolitan centres are faring much better than other regions within the Member States of the EU. Such interregional inequality contributes to disenchantment with existing political systems, which in turn can weaken the social bonds that ground democratic systems. This is the context for the 2019 edition of the European Jobs Monitor, which analyses shifts in the employment structure – meaning change in the distribution of employment across occupations and sectors – of the EU regions. The analysis covers 130 regions of 9 Member States, which together account for nearly 4 out of 5 EU workers. The study finds that, while Member States are becoming more similar in their employment structures, regions within the same country are becoming more disparate. It also finds that cities have a disproportionately high share of well-paid, high-skilled services employment alongside growth in low-paid employment. The findings support continued EU regional policy assistance of regions in danger of being left behind. 

  • Full report

    Number of Pages: 
    100
    Reference No: 
    EF19036
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-1982-7
    Catalogue: 
    TJ-AN-19-001-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/508084
    Catalogue info

    European Jobs Monitor 2019: Shifts in the employment structure at regional level

    Accumulating evidence indicates that large metropolitan centres are faring much better than other regions within the Member States of the EU. Such interregional inequality contributes to disenchantment with existing political systems, which in turn can weaken the social bonds that ground democratic systems. This is the context for the 2019 edition of the European Jobs Monitor, which analyses shifts in the employment structure – meaning change in the distribution of employment across occupations and sectors – of the EU regions.

    Available formats

    • Download full reportPDF
  • Executive summary

    Reference No: 
    EF190361
    Catalogue info

    European Jobs Monitor 2019: Shifts in the employment structure at regional level - Executive summary

    Authors: 
    Eurofound

    This report analyses shifts in the employment structures of the EU regions. Identifying these shifts in occupational and sectoral employment, and how these vary across regions, can help policymakers to understand how structural change contributes to unbalanced regional growth patterns. The analysis compares patterns of employment growth and decline in four types of region: capital city, other largely urban, intermediate and largely rural. It covers 130 regions over the period 2002–2017 in nine of the larger Member States: Belgium, Czechia, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

    Available in 22 languages for download

    PDF
  • Data

Part of the series

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

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