Publications

Search results: 719 items found
  • Article
    27 December 2000

    TheLabour Party government elected in May 1997 continued in office. The next
    general election is due by May 2002 but is widely expected to take place in
    the spring of 2001. In the local council elections held in May 2000, the
    Conservative Party and Liberal Democrats gained seats and the control of a
    number of councils at the Labour Party's expense.

  • Article
    27 December 2000

    The UK led the way in the deregulation of the energy sector, a process that
    has now spread throughout Europe. In 1999 the first phase of the creation of
    the "European internal market" in electricity was completed. Under Directive
    96/92/EC [1], Member States were required to open up 25% of the national
    market in electricity provision to competition, with this share planned to
    expand in the future. In a communication responding to the recommendations of
    the March 2000 Lisbon European Council (EU0004241F [2]), the European
    Commission declared that it would take into account social aspects when
    presenting concrete proposals for the acceleration of liberalisation in the
    European energy market.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=31996L0092&model=guichett
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-social-policies/lisbon-council-agrees-employment-targets

  • Article
    27 December 2000

    The announcement on 12 December 2000 by General Motors, the USA-based parent
    company of Vauxhall Motors, that it is to shut its Luton plant dealt another
    blow to an already beleaguered UK car industry. BMW's shock break-up of the
    troubled Rover Group started the ball rolling in March (UK0004164F [1]).
    General Motors - like Ford, which announced the ending of vehicle production
    at Dagenham in May (UK0005174F [2]) - blames overcapacity within the European
    market and increased pressure on new car prices as the reasons for its
    decision to withdraw from Luton with the loss of 2,200 jobs. More generally,
    automotive manufacturers have continued to highlight the adverse impact on
    the competitiveness of their UK operations of the UK remaining outside the
    group of EU Member States that have introduced the euro single currency (the
    "euro-zone"). Honda recently announced that it would not be introducing a new
    small car at its plant in Swindon, and Nissan's plant in Sunderland faces an
    uncertain future as it awaits the decision on whether the new Micra will be
    built there.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/substantial-job-losses-predicted-as-bmw-sells-rover-and-land-rover
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/immediate-future-of-longbridge-secured-after-sale-of-rover-to-phoenix-consortium

  • Article
    27 December 2000

    The Trades Union Congress (TUC) and the Industrial Society have published a
    set of guidelines designed to promote consultation between employers and
    employees over workplace rules on the use of e-mail and access to the
    internet. The guidelines say that "sensible solutions" are needed which
    should encourage responsible behaviour and good management practice while
    safeguarding worker privacy.

  • Article
    27 December 2000

    On 27 November 2000, the Prime Minister and other leading members of the
    government announced a series of measures to limit the impact of regulation
    on business. In the area of employment relations, the key reforms proposed by
    the government centre on amending employment tribunal procedures to deter and
    penalise the pursuit of unreasonable cases by claimants. The initiative is
    designed to meet sustained criticism from employers' groups of the growing
    administrative burden imposed by regulation (UK0004165N [1]) and of the
    emergence of a "compensation culture" reflected in record increases in
    employment tribunal claims against employers.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/governments-pro-business-credentials-under-attack

  • Article
    27 December 2000

    Im Jahr 2000 bewegte sich die Wirtschaftsleistung der EU-Mitgliedstaaten
    weiterhin im Rahmen der vom Stabilitätspakt vorgegebenen Parameter, die die
    Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion (WWU) begleiten. Die Volkswirtschaften der 11
    Länder der "Eurozone" (diejenigen, die in die dritte Stufe der WWU
    eingetreten sind und die einheitliche europäische Währung eingeführt
    haben) konvergierten weiter, während die Mitgliedstaaten außerhalb der
    Eurozone (Dänemark, Griechenland, Schweden und vereinigtes Königreich) im
    Jahr 2000 nach wie vor bestrebt waren, ihre Wirtschaftsleistung an die der
    Länder der Eurozone anzupassen. 2000 intensivierte Griechenland seine
    Vorbereitungen zur Einführung der einheitlichen Währung und trat am 1.
    Januar 2001 der WWU bei. Griechenland ist seit ihrem Beginn am 1. Januar 1999
    das erste Land, das in die dritte Stufe eintritt. Es ist nicht zu erwarten,
    dass die drei übrigen Länder auf kurze Sicht an der Währungsunion
    teilnehmen. Die dänische Bevölkerung stimmte im September dagegen,
    Referenden in Schweden und dem Vereinigten Königreich stehen noch aus, bevor
    über eine Mitgliedschaft entschieden wird.

  • Article
    27 December 2000

    During 2000, the economic performance of the EU Member States continued to be
    kept within the parameters of the stability pact accompanying Economic and
    Monetary Union (EMU). The economies of the 11 "euro-zone" countries (those
    which have joined the third stage of EMU and the euro single currency)
    continued to converge, while those which remained outside the euro-zone in
    2000 (Denmark, Greece, Sweden and the UK) continued to peg their economic
    performance to the euro-zone. During 2000, Greece intensified preparations to
    join the single currency and it became a member on 1 January 2001. Greece is
    the first country to join the third stage since it was launched on 1 January
    1999. It is unlikely that any of the three remaining countries will join in
    the short term ? the population of Denmark voted in September not to do so
    and referendums will have to be held in Sweden and the UK before any decision
    about membership can be made.

  • Article
    27 December 2000

    Durant 2000, la performance économique des États membres de l'UE a
    continué à se maintenir dans les paramètres du pacte de stabilité
    accompagnant l'Union économique et monétaire (UEM). Les économies des 11
    pays de la "zone euro" ceux qui ont adhéré à la troisième phase de l'UEM
    et à la monnaie unique de l'euro) ont continué à converger, tandis que
    celles des pays demeurés en dehors de la zone euro 2000 (le Danemark, la
    Grèce, la Suède et le Royaume-Uni) ont continué à lier leur performance
    économique à la zone euro. En 2000, la Grèce a intensifié les
    préparations destinées à lui permettre d'adhérer à la monnaie unique, ce
    qu'elle a fait le 1er janvier 2001. Elle est le premier pays à adhérer à
    la troisième phase, depuis le lancement de celle-ci le 1er janvier 1999. Il
    est peu probable que les trois pays restants le fassent dans un avenir
    proche: les Danois ont voté contre en septembre et des référendums devront
    être organisés en Suède et au Royaume-Uni avant qu'une décision puisse
    être prise concernant l'adhésion.

  • Article
    27 December 2000

    The government which was elected in September 1998 for a period of four years
    will remain in power until September 2002. It is a minority Social Democratic
    Party (Socialdemokratiska Arbetarepartiet, SAP) administration that mostly
    rules with the help of the Left Party (Vänsterpartiet) and the Green Party
    (Miljöpartiet de Gröna).

  • Article
    27 December 2000

    Extensive labour market programmes, offering subsidised employment and
    training to unemployed people, do not significantly contribute to increasing
    pressure on wages. This is the main finding of a paper published in November
    2000 by two economic researchers at the governmental Office of Labour Market
    Policy Evaluation (Institutet för arbetsmarknadspolitisk utvärdering,
    IFAU), Anders Forslund and Ann-Sofie Kolm ("Active labour market policies and
    real-wage determination - Swedish evidence", Working Paper 2000:7, IFAU [1]).
    The aim was to investigate whether the extremely poor conditions in the
    Swedish labour market throughout much of the 1990s, and the very high
    incidence of labour market programmes, had brought about a change in
    previously observed patterns. A number of earlier studies on the same problem
    have concluded that the effect of extensive labour market programmes is
    indeed significant, in that they push wage pressure upwards in the Swedish
    economy.

    [1] http://www.ifau.se/swe/pdf/wp00-7.pdf