This report looks in detail at recent shifts in the employment structure at Member State and EU level, examining the main sectors and occupations that have contributed to job loss and job growth. It finds, for example, that in 2011–2013, the majority of net employment losses continued to occur in middle-paid and low-to-middle-paid jobs in construction and manufacturing. Employment growth remained resilient in high-paid, high-skilled jobs, and knowledge-intensive services have been the main source of this growth. The report also examines some of the likely drivers behind the changing employment structure: technological change, globalisation and labour market institutions.
European labour markets added nearly 30 million new jobs in a golden age of employment creation prior to the onset of the Great Recession in 2008. These labour markets subsequently shed six million jobs, and unemployment peaked at 11% in 2013, its highest rate in well over a decade. This third annual European Jobs Monitor report looks in detail at recent shifts in employment at Member State and European Union level in the two years from the second quarter of 2011 to the second quarter of 2013.
This issue of Foundation Focus looks at win–win practices in European workplaces that help companies to grow and innovate, while also increasing their competitiveness. What does the European Company Survey tell us about workplace practices related to work organisation, human resources policies, employee participation and social dialogue? What are the links between work organisation and innovation and how do these impact on employers and employees?
This report maps current developments in industrial relations systems in the central public administration sector across Europe, covering all EU Member States except Croatia, which joined the EU in mid-2013. The present study is based on data collected through the network contributing to the European Industrial Relations Observatory, which comprises experts from the EU Member States and Norway. Read more in the report.
Eurofound’s fifth annual yearbook, Living and working in Europe, based on the Agency’s research from 2013, describes developments in the EU in the wake of the crisis, focusing on major topic areas including changes in labour markets and employment, efforts to tackle youth unemployment, innovation in workplaces and public trust in institutions. The yearbook is accompanied by the Annual activity report of the Authorising Officer 2013, which is the Agency’s formal reporting on operations, staff and budgets.
The Indian economy grew steadily during 2000–2010, with a growth of about 8% in GDP. However, in 2012–2013, GDP growth dropped to 4.96%, due to impending fiscal and balance of payment imbalances, a rise in the consumer price index and a stagnating manufacturing sector. Moreover, unlike the period 2001–2005, 2005–2010 did not see employment creation grow concomitantly with value added by industries, in particular manufacturing, giving rise to a situation of jobless growth. A key issue in Indian labour law is the ongoing debate over whether or not legislation should be reformed to introduce greater flexibility into the labour market.
Characterised by large and well-developed agricultural, mining, manufacturing and service sectors, Brazil’s economy outweighs that of all other South American countries. The government continues to play an extremely important role in the Brazilian system of labour relations. The legislative branch of the government has a tradition of intervening in the labour market, issuing laws and regulations with the declared objective of protecting workers, resulting in extremely detailed and protective legislation. The judiciary also plays an essential role.
With a population of over 1.3 billion, China is the most populated country and the second largest economy in the world as of 2013. The labour market participation rate is high, because the social security system is basic with limited coverage. Industrial relations have been developed within the broader context of economic and labour market transformation. Governments of all levels, and the labour authorities and other law enforcement departments within these governments, are responsible for law enforcement. They are also involved in the mediation and arbitration of labour disputes.
This report gives an overview of working conditions, job quality, workers’ health and job sustainability in the food and beverage service activities sector (NACE 56). It is based mostly on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS), which gathers data on working conditions and the quality of work across 34 European countries. Additional information on the structural characteristics of the sector is derived from Eurostat data. The fifth EWCS contains responses from 1,349 workers in the food and beverage sector. Read more information on other sectors.
This report explores the impact of the crisis on wagesetting mechanisms in the 28 EU Member States plus Norway. At the same time, it examines the effect of the EU’s new economic governance regime on wage-setting mechanisms. It looks at changes in wage-bargaining levels, the extent of horizontal coordination across bargaining units, links between the different levels involved in wage-setting, minimum wage-setting and indexation mechanisms, and the volume and duration of collective wage agreements. Read more in the report.