This report explores the impact of the crisis on wagesetting mechanisms in the 28 EU Member States plus Norway. At the same time, it examines the effect of the EU’s new economic governance regime on wage-setting mechanisms. It looks at changes in wage-bargaining levels, the extent of horizontal coordination across bargaining units, links between the different levels involved in wage-setting, minimum wage-setting and indexation mechanisms, and the volume and duration of collective wage agreements. Read more in the report.
This report examines four scenarios of social partner cooperation in the hairdressing sector, aimed at improving the quality of work and employment. The scenarios are based on trends that reveal high impact and high uncertainty qualities, such as the re-evaluation of the sector as a craft sector, technological change, the effects of climate change, and the polarisation of the sector due to the dominance of shopping malls. These scenarios, which were developed on the basis of desk research, interviews with national social partners and focus groups of the sectoral social partners, are then mapped onto the four main quality of work indicators, as defined by Eurofound (career and employment security, skills development, reconciliation of working and non-working life, and health and well-being), in order to formulate policy pointers for how the social partners could develop strategies to improve the quality of work and employment in the future.
This policy brief highlights findings on a specific topic from Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) that is of particular interest from a policy perspective. It brings results of the analysis of these data together with evidence from other Eurofound projects to formulate a number of policy pointers. The focus of this policy brief is the weekly working time preferences of people aged 50 and over.
This is the annual activity report of the Authorising Officer for the year 2013. The report describes Eurofound's activities, particularly its research and information and communication programmes, in relation to the objectives set in the Work Programme 2013.
The United States has been shaped by its experience with mass immigration. According to the United Nations, 14% of the US population are immigrants, more than four times any other country. According to the International Labour Organization, Americans typically work 10 more weeks each year than their European counterparts. As the world’s largest economy, the US economy is distinct from other advanced economies in that it has limited central government intervention in favour of a free market, private enterprise system. The US labour movement is still divided between industrial and craft unions. And US companies do not typically use employer organisations to advance their interests in dealing with workers.
Japan's real GDP growth rate was 2.0% in 2012, continuing to make the country's economy the third largest worldwide. While manufacturing is still an important economic sector, in the past three decades the services sector has gradually grown. In 2013, Japan’s working population was 65. 6 million, but this will rapidly decrease because it has become a so-called ‘super-ageing society’. Workers’ right to organise, bargain and act collectively is guaranteed by the Constitution. This means a labour union is permitted to request the employer to hold discussions and conduct whatever activities are necessary to put pressure on the employer to comply with the law.
Micro and small companies constitute the backbone of private business in Europe, accounting for nearly 99% of all enterprises, more than half of total employment in the private sector and an even greater proportion of new jobs. Despite their crucial place in the economy, there has been little research on micro and small companies, particularly in terms of the implementation of fundamental workers’ rights – such as health and safety at work – and the positive role of social dialogue in striving for good working conditions and industrial relations. Given this knowledge gap, Eurofound undertook a research project aimed at investigating industrial relations and social dialogue in micro and small companies. The research was based on various information sources, including a review of Eurofound’s earlier research and other literature on the topic, a comparative evaluation of contributions from 28 national correspondents and 10 case studies of good practice in micro and small companies in five countries.
Micro and small companies constitute the backbone of private business in Europe, accounting for nearly 99% of all enterprises, more than half of total employment in the private sector and an even greater proportion of new jobs. Eurofound undertook a research project aimed at investigating industrial relations and social dialogue in micro and small companies. The research was based on various information sources, including a review of Eurofound’s earlier research and other literature on the topic, a comparative evaluation of contributions from 28 national correspondents and 10 case studies of good practice in micro and small companies in five countries. Read more in the report.