Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from
research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articleson working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.
In western and northern European countries, the opportunity to work from home has increased in recent years. But the trend has taken an opposite direction in Germany, where the share of workers working from home has declined across occupations. This has occurred despite public debates on how teleworking might improve work–life balance. The study does not offer a conclusive explanation for the trend, but the author highlights the preference for other forms of working time arrangements in Germany.
This executive summary is based on a joint report on psychosocial risks at work from the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) and the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound). It draws on the complementary work of the two agencies, which is reflected in their different roles. Acknowledging the complexity of the relationship between health and work, the report presents comparative information on the prevalence of psychosocial risks among workers and examines the associations between these risks and health and well-being.
The entry into force of the Clawback Act at the start of 2014 in the Netherlands makes possible the reduction of executive bonuses and severance payments, and the reclaiming of payments ('clawback') after they have been awarded, if they are deemed unfair. It applies to all public limited companies, financial enterprises and cooperatives. While the act does not introduce new clawback rights as such, it does make existing rights more explicit.
In January 2014, social partners agreed to cooperate in implementing the Youth Guarantee in Lithuania. They will seek to ensure that young people acquire the appropriate competencies and qualifications and be offered a job or continued education/training within four months of leaving education or becoming unemployed.
Acknowledging the complexity of the relationship between health and work, the report presents comparative information on the prevalence of psychosocial risks among workers and examines the associations between these risks and health and well-being. It also looks at the extent to which establishments take action to tackle psychosocial risks and describes interventions that can be adopted in companies. An overview of policies in six Member States is included.
The 2013–2014 annual report providing data on the Spanish university system focuses on the graduates of the 2005–2006 academic year, describing their subsequent labour market situation, including unemployment rates, self-employment, type of contract, income and mobility. In general, the data show that working conditions improve after a few years of work experience.
Meeting in closed-door session, the plenary session of the Hellenic Court of Auditors has ruled that cuts made retroactively from 1 August 2012 to the pensions of judicial officials, prosecutors and members of the State Legal Council are unconstitutional and contrary to the European Convention on Human Rights, following a similar decision by the Salary Tribunal and the Council of State (both for judges and the uniformed services).
The use of financial participation schemes is a subject of public debate and policy initiatives in France since the early 1980s. A study on the relationship between bonus payment schemes and wage levels has found that the payment of bonuses to employees has no effect on total remuneration and a negative effect on basic wage rates. The finding suggests that financial participation is used to compensate moderation in basic wage rates through bonuses. Since financial participation is largely exempt from taxes and social security contributions, the authors raise the question of the effect of bonus payments on public finances.
Since 2008 there has been a steady decline in the number of collective agreements concluded in Portugal. Reasons for the decline include stalling of negotiations, the economic crisis, new Labour Code rules and mandatory wage freezes.