447 items found
  • Time constraints at work and health risks in Europe

    The third European survey on working conditions carried out by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions highlights the risks and dangerous working conditions that continue to pose a threat to workers' health, as well as the increase in time and organisational constraints at work. A study based on the statistical use of the data gathered from the survey provides a great deal of information on the organisation of working time. It also explores the links between the organisation of working time and the duration of working time, and the health risks to which workers in the European Union are exposed. This leaflet is a summary of the following two reports: 'Time and work: duration of work' (EF0211) and 'Time and work: work intensity' (EF0248).
  • Time and work: duration of work

    This report looks at working hours and work schedules and their implications for living and working conditions. Most European countries have experienced a gradual reduction in working hours over the past two decades, accompanied by different working time arrangements and a variation in individual working hours and rhythms. While this has in general led to an improvement in working conditions, it can also be problematic for some people because of the disruption in work and the stress it generates. In addition, work itself has intensified and the flexibility of working time has resulted in variations in the pattern and duration of working times, the organisation of work in more or less regular cycles and irregular organisational procedures, all of which can lead to a disruption of the normal patterns of living. In short, it is not certain that recent developments in the area of working time and work rhythms have significantly improved the living and working conditions of employees.
  • Working time preferences in sixteen European countries

    Increased labour market participation is the key to achieving an inclusive European society for all. This report focuses on the issue of working time in the context of present employment policy priorities. It analyses findings from a survey carried out by the Foundation into working time across the 15 EU Member States and Norway.
  • Gender, employment and working time preferences in Europe

    A leaflet summarising the main findings of the Employment Options of the Future survey concerning men's and women's preferences for increasing or reducing the number of hours that they work per week.
  • Handling Restructuring: collective agreements on employment and competitiveness

    This report, based on 43 case studies carried out in 11 EU Member States, explores the key features of PECS (pacts for employment and competitiveness). The aim is to show how these agreements can contribute significantly to more employment, an increasingly flexible working environment and a partnership approach to industrial relations.
  • BEST No. 1/2000. Shiftwork and Health

    Shiftwork and other forms of working at unusual hours, and especially working at night have always raised some health concerns. This issue of BEST aims to provide help and guidance in this complex area and covers sleep and fatigue; digestion; heart disease; women's problems; social and domestic life; and psychological problems. The supplement 'On time' highlights working-time issues as they feature in the EIROnline website and in Foundation research and also presents a comparative overview in a graphic form of weekly working hours in the 15 EU Member States. BEST presents important developments in the field of time. It is addressed to those developing policies in this field working in the Institutions of the European Commission, national governments and the social partners in the European Union. BEST is published twice a year in English, French and German.
  • First European Survey on the work environment 1991-1992

    The survey presented here was carried out in 1991. It was based on direct interviews with 12,500 workers, both employees and the self-employed, throughout the 12 member states of the European Community. The sample is representative of the distribution of the labour force between sectors, males and females, age groups and by professional status. As social integration moves forward, and as the number of initiatives dealing with the work environment at Community level increase, more comprehensive and homogeneous data on working conditions in the Community is required. The present survey is a step in this direction.