Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, r...Read more

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.

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  • Article
    27 September 1998

    A much debated matter of principle was decided in the Swedish Labour Court on
    26 August 1998 (case /AD 1998/97/). The case concerned a cleaner at a nuclear
    power station, who refused to go through the routine compulsory drug tests
    which her employer had introduced. The cleaner is a non-smoker, physically
    active and a keen sportswoman, and there were no suspicions raised against

  • Article
    27 September 1998

    On 16 September 1998 a new dispute broke out on the state-owned Austrian
    Federal Railways (Österreichische Bundesbahnen, ÖBB). The Union of Railway
    Employees (Gewerkschaft der Eisenbahner) went public with demands aimed at
    halting staff reductions and at promoting massive investment in rolling
    stock. The ÖBB currently employs under 54,000 workers, down from an annual
    average of 56,000 in 1997. This is 1,000 fewer than originally planned.
    Labour costs in 1997 were ATS 1.2 billion less than in 1996.

  • Article
    27 September 1998

    The introduction of the UK's first statutory National Minimum Wage (NMW) came
    one step closer on 11 September 1998, when the Department of Trade and
    Industry launched a public consultation on draft regulations implementing the
    NMW. The NMW was one of the key commitments of the Labour Government when it
    came to power in May 1997 (UK9704125F [1]), and the new proposals by and
    large put into effect the proposals of the Low Pay Commission (LPC) set up to
    recommend the level of the NMW, which published its report in June 1998
    (UK9807135F [2]). The draft regulations would:


  • Article
    27 September 1998

    In September 1998, Italy's Italtel group announced a cut of 5,000 jobs, due
    to a crisis of investment in the telecommunications sector. Trade unions
    strongly oppose the plan, and a harsh conflict seems likely.

  • Article
    27 September 1998

    On 8 September 1998, the International Transport Workers' Federation (ITF),
    as part of its worldwide /Fatigue kills/ campaign in the road transport
    industry (EU9809127F [1]), coordinated protest events on the borders between
    several European countries (FR9809128F [2]). The main issue at stake was the
    reduction of working hours in the sector - an issue which has been the
    subject of intense debate in Belgium for some years.


  • Article
    27 September 1998

    An international day of action by lorry drivers on 8 September 1998 was
    relatively well supported in Europe, especially in France. It was designed to
    increase awareness among drivers and the general public about the issue of
    driving time - especially relevant in the EU, where regulations on this
    subject are currently under discussion. The action was thus also aimed at
    European employers, coming a few days before the planned final round of
    negotiations on EU rules governing lorry drivers' working time.

  • Article
    27 September 1998

    The Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) launched a campaign in
    September 1998, focusing on the future of working life. In cooperation with
    the Workers' Education Association of Norway, an extensive discussion
    exercise will be held, which will form part of LO's assessment of any
    necessary changes to the current Act on Worker Protection and the Working

  • Article
    27 September 1998

    In July 1998, after an unlawful strike at the engineering company Fix AB, the
    Association of Swedish Engineering Industries (Sveriges Verkstadsindustrier,
    VI) and the Swedish Metal Workers' Union (Svenska
    Metallindustriarbetareförbundet, Metall) concluded an agreement whereby the
    chair of the company branch of Metall undertook to resign from this position
    and to refrain from acting as a trade unionist as long as he is employed by
    Fix (SE9808106N [1]). The employee in question signed the agreement himself,
    but afterwards regretted what he had done and said that he had felt forced to
    sign, in order to save his colleagues from having to pay damages. The central
    organisation of Metall declared that the agreement should never have been


  • Article
    27 September 1998

    The road transport industry is one of the sectors excluded from the 1993
    Council Directive on certain aspects of the organisation of working time
    (93/104/EC) [1], whose provisions include a maximum working week of 48 hours,
    adequate rest breaks and four weeks' paid annual leave. At the time the
    Directive was framed, Pádraig Flynn, the Commissioner responsible for
    employment and social affairs, made it clear that the European Commission
    would revisit the issue in respect to the sectors excluded from the
    Directive. In July 1997, the Commission accordingly issued a White Paper on
    sectors and activities excluded from the working time Directive [2]
    (EU9707138N [3]). Subsequently, in March 1998, the Commission initiated a
    second round of consultations with the EU-level social partners on the
    content of future legislation to amend the Directive, with the aim of
    including the excluded sectors and activities. The issue of working time has
    dominated social dialogue discussions in the Joint Committee on Road
    Transport in 1997 and 1998 (EU9808122F [4]), with the aim of reaching an
    agreement which would end the exclusion of the sector from the Directive, in
    an acknowledgment of the dangers resulting from fatigue associated with long
    working hours in the industry.



  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

Forthcoming publications