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  • Article
    27 October 1998

    On October 1998, an Italian newspaper alleged the exploitation of child
    labour in a Turkish plant working for the Benetton group. Italian trade
    unions, together with their Turkish counterparts, intervened and concluded an
    agreement which forbids the use of child labour in the Turkish textile plants
    working for the Benetton group.

  • Article
    27 October 1998

    September 1998 saw Greece's first enterprise-level agreement introducing the
    35-hour week without a reduction in pay, at the Hochtief building concern.

  • Article
    27 October 1998

    Unemployment cover - that is, the number of eligible people who may claim
    unemployment benefit - is the cause of a serious controversy between the
    government and the trade unions in Spain. In the draft state Budget for 1999,
    released in autumn 1998, funds allocated for unemployment benefit have been
    cut by 9.5%. The government maintains that, because of the positive
    development of employment prospects in the economy, the amount allocated is
    sufficient. The unions, however, feel that this is in sharp contradiction
    with their demand to increase unemployment cover, a central topic in the
    negotiations between themselves and the government.

  • Article
    27 October 1998

    September 1998 saw the publication of a report on the impact of the
    introduction of the euro single currency on various aspects of industrial
    relations and other employment matters in France. The study, drawn up by a
    working group of employers, trade unions, social security organisations and
    the government, examines the transition period from 1999-2000, as well as the
    effect of the single currency on collective agreements and the functioning of
    works councils.

  • Article
    27 October 1998

    Between 1 March and 31 May 1998, works council [1] elections took place in
    around 33,000 German establishments. In contrast to countries such as France
    (FR9809131F [2]), the results of the German elections are not published by a
    central authority. However, a preliminary evaluation of the results, based on
    a survey of around 1,000 companies where trade unions affiliated to the
    German Federation of Trade Unions (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB) operate,
    was conducted by the Hans-Böckler Foundation in June 1998 (Trendreport
    Betriebsratswahlen '98: Kurzfassung [3]- DE9806270N [4]). Subsequently, in
    September, the Cologne Institute of Business Research (Institut der deutschen
    Wirtschaft, IW) published the findings - summarised below - of a
    comprehensive survey of the 1998 works council elections covering 13,659
    establishments, 84% of which were in manufacturing and 16% in services
    ("Schlappe für den DGB - Betriebsratswahlen 1998: Keine Lust auf
    Experimente", H-U Niedenhoff, in IW-Gewerkschaftsreport 3/98).The IW has been
    conducting surveys of the results of the works council elections since 1975.


  • Article
    27 October 1998

    In autumn 1998, a draft bill on "false self-employment" was submitted to the
    Portuguese social partners for discussion. It would regularise such
    situations by making it possible to turn them into fixed-term contracts and,
    from there, establishing the presumption of the existence of a permanent
    employment contract.

  • Article
    27 October 1998

    In October 1998, the SAK trade union confederation's delegation for private
    sector services proposed measures aimed at improving Finland's service sector
    and creating jobs. These measures include changes in the tax structure.

  • Article
    27 October 1998

    In September 1998, an agreement was signed by trade unions and Infostrada, an
    Italian company in the fixed-network telephone sector, on the recruitment of
    1,300 people to work in customer-service call centres. Given the particular
    characteristics of the customer-care activity involved, and considering that
    this is the start-up phase of the call-centre service, the parties agreed to
    a high degree of flexibility in both the employment relationship and working

  • Article
    27 October 1998

    An attempt by management at Halivourgiki, Greece's largest steel mill, to
    change working hours led in October 1998 to new clashes with workers,
    following a dispute in 1997.


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications