Publications

Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    The UK has been the main recipient of Toyota's European investment so far, at
    its plant in Derby. If the UK were to lose the new investment to France, it
    would be a huge blow to the Government which recently had to "rebuild some
    fences" after the company announced in February 1997 that it might switch its
    investment elsewhere in Europe if the UK did not join the single European
    currency.

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    The issue of the use of national and European subsidies to support employment
    in a particular country, region or sector, has come under the spotlight in
    recent weeks in the context of the controversy which has arisen from
    Renault's announcement of the closure of its factory at Vilvoorde in Belgium
    (see Record EU9703108F [1]). Renault's request for subsidies to expand its
    operations in Spain was blocked by European competition policy commissioner,
    Karel Van Miert, in order to investigate whether EU funding was being used to
    transfer employment to a region offering lower wage and social costs.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/the-renault-case-and-the-future-of-social-europe

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    Wage bargaining in the private sector commenced on 10 March 1997 with
    negotiations between the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) and
    theConfederation of Norwegian Business and Industry (NHO). So far the
    question of voluntary early retirement has been the most difficult issue and,
    after around one week, LO broke off the negotiations. Mediation was due to
    commence the first week after the Easter holidays.

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    On 20 February 1997, Parliament adopted a law establishing retirement savings
    funds. This legislation has a dual objective. Firstly, to provide private
    sector employees with a new retirement cover financed by capitalisation, and
    secondly, to strengthen the Paris financial market and balance the growing
    power of foreign institutional investors.

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    The Portuguese Government is planning to extend its "base-line" minimum
    income system to the whole country, and there are calls for greater
    involvement by the social partners in its operation.

  • Article
    27 February 1997

    Judging from a recent exchange of letters between a Dutch trade unions and
    the Department of Justice, it would appear that cross-border cooperation
    between unions, let alone their international merger, is beset with legal
    difficulties.

  • Article
    27 February 1997

    It is expected that the fate of the Forges de Clabecq steelworks will be
    sealed on 15 June 1997. However, whatever the outcome of the recovery
    operation by the Swiss-Italian industrial concern, Duferco, something will
    have changed in this Belgian enterprise located some 15 miles from Brussels
    in the province of Brabant. Beyond the event in itself - the closure of a
    firm leading to the loss of 1,800 jobs - which has not itself been
    exceptional over the last few months in Belgium, it is the style of activity
    undertaken by the Forges de Clabecq union delegation [1] that has revealed a
    new union climate.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/union-delegation

  • Article
    27 February 1997

    The second part of the two-year National General Collective Agreement 1996-7
    (EGSSE) came into force at the beginning of 1997. The principal purpose of
    the EGSSE is to set minimum pay levels, which have a two-fold significance:
    providing a framework for the social protection of unskilled workers and
    acting as a guideline for negotiations at more specific levels - enterprise,
    industry-wide or occupational. Whatever is agreed at the level of the EGSEE
    covers, without exception, the whole of the private sector, as well as the
    broader public sector (public administration is excluded). The wages of
    public servants have until now been determined by the Government, but this
    will have to change following Greece's ratification of International Labour
    Organisation Conventions Nos. 151 and 154, which consolidate the right of
    public servants to collective bargaining.

  • Article
    27 February 1997

    Nurses had threatened industrial action on 10 February 1997 in pursuit of a
    claim for a major overhaul in their pay structures and an improved early
    retirement scheme. However, the action was called off when the nurses
    accepted an IEP 85 million formula drawn up by the Labour Court, which
    includes the creation of a commission which will examine a range of issues
    related to the nursing profession. Four trade unions representing over 26,000
    nurses were involved in the dispute, the largest being the 16,000-strong
    Irish Nurses Organisation (INO).

  • Article
    27 February 1997

    On 21 January 1997, the two French electricity and gas public utility
    companies signed an agreement with three trade unions ( the CFDT, the CFTC
    and the CFE-CGC). This agreement is designed to improve their competitiveness
    and productivity while at the same time maintaining their workforce at
    current levels. This is to be achieved mainly through the introduction of
    part-time working. Both the CGT and the CGT-FO unions are strongly critical
    of this agreement.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications