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  • Article
    7 September 2003

    In August 2003, the Polish government named four coal mines which are to be
    closed in 2004, following an agreement reached with mineworkers' trade unions
    in 2002 on the closure of unprofitable mines. The announcement led to the
    unions calling strike action in the mines concerned, despite government
    assurances that new jobs or appropriate accompanying social measures will be
    arranged for all the miners to be made redundant.

  • CAR
    1 September 2003

    The comparative study was compiled on the basis of individual national
    reports submitted by EIRO's national centres. The text of each of these
    national reports is available below in Word format. The reports have not been
    edited or approved by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living
    and Working Conditions. The national reports were drawn up in response to a
    questionnaire [1] and should be read in conjunction with it.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/sites/default/files/ef_files/eiro/2003/01/word/tn0211q_2.doc

  • Article
    26 August 2003

    This article provides a brief overview of the industrial relations system
    that has emerged in Bulgaria since the period of economic and political
    transition began in 1989.

  • Article
    26 August 2003

    On 11 June 2003, a tripartite meeting was held on the initiative of the
    Confederation of Independent Trade Unions in Bulgaria (CITUB [1]) to discuss
    the issue of unpaid wages. The meeting brought together representatives of
    the government, employers’ organisations and CITUB and its member branch
    federations, along with trade union officials from some of the companies
    involved.

    [1] http://www.knsb-bg.org/

  • Report summary
    26 August 2003

    Proposals for a radical re-organisation of time arrangements over working life using a life-course perspective tend to challenge the traditional understanding of socio-economic issues. The ‘life course’ concept itself is not new, as it has figured prominently in debates on labour market, social security, demographic and working time issues since the 1960s. It is now back on the political agenda. The Foundation’s report, A new organisation of time over working life, addresses the subject of reorganising time arrangements specifically from the life course perspective. The report concludes that an explicit life course policy offers much potential as an approach to facilitating a new organisation of time throughout working life. This paper summarizes the findings of the project which are published in a report (EF0336). An information sheet on this topic is also available (EF0344).

  • Article
    25 August 2003

    On 22 July 2003, theCouncil of the European Union adopted the 2003 employment
    guidelines [1] and recommendations [2] on employment policy to Member States,
    which had been proposed by the European Commission in April 2003. These
    guidelines and recommendations are drawn up within the context of the
    European employment strategy [3] (EES), which has been in place since 1997.
    Following a review of the EES undertaken in 2002 after five years of
    operation (EU0209204F [4]), and proposals for its streamlining, made by the
    Commission in a Communication [5] in September 2002 (EU0210206F [6]), the
    timing and the content has changed somewhat in 2003. Notably, the employment
    guidelines have been revised so as to: ensure a stronger link with EU
    economic policy coordination (through streamlined timetables); lay down fewer
    guidelines with a broader perspective; provide a medium-term time horizon in
    order to achieve an increased emphasis on results and outcomes; and
    strengthen the involvement of the social partners, local authorities and
    other stakeholders.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/employment_strategy/prop_2003/adopted_guidelines_2003_en.htm
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/employment_strategy/prop_2003/adopted_recomm_2003_en.htm
    [3] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/employment_strategy/index_en.htm
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/commission-initiates-five-year-review-of-european-employment-strategy
    [5] http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/en/com/rpt/2002/com2002_0487en01.pdf
    [6] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/commission-seeks-to-streamline-employment-and-economic-strategies

  • Article
    25 August 2003

    In July 2003, the Dutch social partners, represented on the bipartite Labour
    Foundation, issued an opinion opposing a proposal for the reform of
    dismissals law put forward by a government-appointed committee. The committee
    proposed abolishing the system whereby dismissals must be approved in advance
    by a public authority. The Foundation argues that the objections raised by
    the committee do not outweigh the advantages of the present system, which
    keeps costs in check and offers the parties involved a high degree of
    certainty and security.

  • Article
    25 August 2003

    On 8 October 2001, the EU Council of Ministers adopted Council Regulation
    (EC) No. 2157/2001 [1] on the Statute for a European Company (or Societas
    Europaea, SE) and Council Directive 2001/86/EC [2] supplementing the Statute
    for a European Company with regard to the involvement of employees
    (EU0206202F [3]). Member States must adopt the laws, regulations and
    administrative provisions necessary to comply with the Directive by 8 October
    2004 (the date that the Regulation, which is directly applicable in the
    Member States, comes into force), or ensure by then that management and
    labour introduce the required provisions by agreement. The European Company
    Statute (ECS) Regulation gives companies the option of forming a European
    Company (SE) which can operate on a Europe-wide basis and be governed by
    Community law directly applicable in all Member States (rather than national
    law). The Directive lays down the employee involvement provisions to apply to
    SEs - providing for negotiations between management and employee
    representatives in each SE on the arrangements to apply, with a set of
    back-up statutory 'standard rules' where no agreement is reached. Involvement
    constitutes the information and consultation of employees and, in some cases,
    board-level participation.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=32001R2157&model=guichett
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32001L0086&model=guichett
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/european-company-statute-in-focus

  • Article
    21 August 2003

    Special 'tripartite sector teams', made up of representatives of the social
    partners and government, have been created in Poland since the 1990s to deal
    with the problems of selected industries (such as coal mining, metalworking
    and power generation) facing restructuring, privatisation and reorganisation.
    The teams are responsible for drawing up guidelines on restructuring within
    these sectors, including 'social packages' for employees. This article
    examines the operation of the tripartite sector teams up until the end of
    2002.

  • Article
    21 August 2003

    The Union of Wood, Industrial and Building Workers (Træ-Industri-Byg, TIB)
    has announced that it will establish an affiliated organisation to recruit as
    trade union members self-employed 'sole operators' working in the
    construction industry. These sole operators work alone without any employees
    and do not meet the conditions to be considered as companies, as all they
    provide is their own labour - ie in reality they work as normal wage earners
    (they are known as 'arme og ben-firmaer', or 'arms and legs firms'). TIB
    estimates that there are around 11,000 such sole operators, and the number is
    increasing. According to the union, their presence in the industry results in
    'dumping' in terms of prices and safety. Typically, they work at lower wages
    than employees covered by a collective agreement, and TIB and the trade union
    bargaining cartel in building and construction, (Bygge-, Anlægs- og
    Trækartellet, BAT-kartellet) see this as a serious problem. Together the
    unions are aiming to combat this phenomenon, both through unionising the more
    'serious' of the self-employed sole operators and closing down the less
    serious 'arms and legs firms'.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications