Publications

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Latest publications

  • Article
    27 July 2003

    Agriculture remains an important part of the Dutch economy, accounting for
    around 10% of GDP . The sector is currently undergoing major changes in terms
    of production, markets and technology, with important implications for
    employment. This article examines industrial relations in agriculture,
    looking at the social partners, the unique system of bipartite 'commodity
    boards', collective bargaining and the key issues of casual labour and health
    and safety.

  • Article
    27 July 2003

    In May 2003 after only three rounds of talks, the Mining, Chemicals and
    Energy Industrial Union (Industriegewerkschaft Bergbau, Chemie, Energie, IG
    BCE) and the German Federation of Chemicals Employers' Associations
    (Bundesarbeitgeberverband Chemie, BAVC) signed a package of new collective
    agreements for the 580,000 or so employees in the German chemicals industry.
    The package includes: a new pay agreement; an amendment to the working time
    agreement; a new collective agreement on training; and a new agreement on
    increasing the number of apprenticeship and training places.

  • Article
    27 July 2003

    In June 2003, after five months of negotiations, the Confindustria employers'
    confederation and the three main trade union confederations (Cgil, Cisl and
    Uil) signed a pact aimed at relaunching development, employment and
    competitiveness in Italy. The agreement focuses on research, training, the
    South of Italy and infrastructure, and seeks to influence the government's
    future economic policy.

  • 23 July 2003

    Foresight is an important tool in policy analysis, and encompasses a wide spectrum of methods and approaches. This handbook tackles the major questions that have to be considered in embarking upon knowledge society foresight. It does so largely in a question-and-answer format. The handbook is neither an essay on knowledge society foresight nor is it simply a toolkit of ways to think about long-term futures. It is a guide to foresight and to making decisions to undertake activity in the field. It is illustrated with some examples drawn from relevant activities around the world, while a series of annexes provide more discussion, essays and resource materials for those wishing to pursue matters more deeply.

  • Other
    23 July 2003

    In 1997, the European Council called for a high-level group to examine the economic and social implications of industrial change. With the full support of the European Parliament, Commission and social partners, it proposed the creation of the European Centre on Monitoring Change (EMCC) within the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. The EMCC’s mission is to cast a spotlight on the economic and social developments that drive change in the European economy. It highlights changes resulting from shifts in technology, work organisation, production and business models, legislation, working practices and the labour market. Using research and analysis, EMCC provides companies, the social partners, public authorities and European institutions with the data and qualitative information they need in order to manage the consequences of such change.

  • Article
    22 July 2003

    During recent years, two developments on the Bulgarian labour market have
    caused particular concern among the authorities and social partners - the use
    of hired labour without a signed employment contract, and the widespread
    practice of employers paying social insurance contributions only on the basis
    of the national minimum wage, rather than on employees' actual pay. The
    present government has recently introduced two new inter-related measures -
    both long demanded by trade unions - adding to the efforts of previous
    governments to reduce the extent of these two problems. The National Council
    for Tripartite Partnership (NCTP) has agreed these measures, which are:
    mandatory registration of employment contracts with the National Social
    Security Institute (NSSI); and the introduction of minimum social insurance
    thresholds, higher than the national minimum wage and set at different levels
    for the various economic sectors and the occupations.

  • Article
    22 July 2003

    The Act on Data Protection in Working Life [1] (477/2001) came into force on
    1 October 2001 (FI0106191F [2]), governing the protection of personal data in
    the employment context. However, it lacked clear rules in a number of areas,
    such as employers’ rights to conduct drug tests on job applicants and
    employees, use video surveillance at the workplace and open employees’
    e-mails while they are absent. On the initiative of parliament, the Ministry
    of Labour soon afterwards set up a working group to prepare proposals for
    legislation in these areas. The group included members from the Ministry of
    Social Affairs and Health, the Ministry of Transport and the Data Protection
    Ombudsman (Tietosuojaviranomaiset), as well as representatives of trade
    unions and employers’ organisations. It published its unanimous report on
    26 June 2003.

    [1] http://www.mol.fi/english/working/dataprotection.html
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/act-on-protection-of-privacy-in-working-life-adopted

  • Article
    22 July 2003

    On 28 June 2003, the German Metalworkers' Union (Industriegewerkschaft
    Metall, IG Metall) called off a four-week strike in the eastern German
    metalworking industry, after failing in its attempts to negotiate a 35-hour
    working week (down from the current 38 hours) with employers' associations,
    amid widespread opposition to the action in the federal government, amongst
    the general public and, indeed, in the union's ranks (DE0307204F [1]). IG
    Metall's defeat has revived the debate on the future of collective bargaining
    in Germany.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/ig-metall-suffers-defeat-over-35-hour-week-in-east-german-metalworking

  • Article
    22 July 2003

    The Austrian Trade Union Federation (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund,
    ÖGB) enjoys a de facto monopoly of trade union representation, and Austrian
    trade unionism is thus characterised by a notably high degree of unity and
    coherence. ÖGB is currently divided into 13 member unions which together
    cover all branches of the economy. Their membership domains are, in general,
    complementary, though not in the strict sense that only one union always
    covers any given sector or company. In the private sector, six blue-collar
    workers' unions and one white-collar union coexist. Furthermore, there are
    two unions which represent both blue- and white-collar workers - in the arts,
    media, sports and liberal professions and in the printing, journalism and
    paper industry respectively. The pattern of union representation in the
    public sector mirrors the structure of the employing public authorities.
    Accordingly, there are separate unions for central and regional government
    and for local government. Separate unions also exist for former public
    enterprises - ie postal services and telecommunications companies and the
    Austrian Federal Railways (Österreichische Bundesbahnen, ÖBB) - which are
    undergoing a transition period due to liberalisation and privatisation.

  • Article
    22 July 2003

    On 28 June 2003, a dispute over the introduction of a 35-hour working week in
    the eastern German metalworking industry ended when the German Metalworkers'
    Union (Industriegewerkschaft Metall, IG Metall) called off a four-week after
    negotiations finally broke down without any agreement being reached. The
    negotiating parties on the employers' side were the federal employers'
    association for the German metalworking and electrical industry,
    Gesamtmetall, and two regional employers' associations for the metalworking
    industry in the eastern states (Länder) of Berlin, Brandenburg and Saxony -
    Verband der Metall- und Elektroindustrie in Berlin und Brandenburg (VME) and
    Verband der Sächsischen Metall- und Elektroindustrie (VSME).

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications