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  • Article
    24 June 2003

    At the annual Conference on the Family held at the end of April 2003, the
    French government announced a number of new family policy measures. Notably
    it is to introduce in 2004 a new benefit for parents of young children,
    replacing a number of existing schemes. The reaction of the social partners
    has been mixed.

  • Article
    24 June 2003

    During 2003, Italian trade unions - and especially the Cisl confederation -
    have been repeatedly threatened and attacked by terrorist groups (with 43
    such attacks, including 12 fire-bombings, recorded between July 2002 and May
    2003). The minister of the interior has highlighted the threat to unions in
    parliament and in June the three main confederations agreed a united response
    to the attacks.

  • Article
    24 June 2003

    The Chancellor of the Exchequer’s budget statement on 9 April 2003
    contained a commitment to introduce measures to ensure that pay systems in
    the public services become more responsive to differences in labour market
    conditions between the UK’s regions. In particular, the pay review bodies
    which determine levels of pay for 40% of the public service workforce would
    have a new remit to take into account regional and local factors. To augment
    the economic data available to negotiators and pay review bodies, the
    government also announced plans to publish regional inflation figures.
    Supporting its proposals, the government cited evidence from its 2002 review
    of the public sector labour market which showed that wages in the public
    sector vary far less than those in the private sector. The review found that
    'public-sector workers outside of London are probably better paid than their
    private-sector counterparts. But those in London are worse off than
    equivalent workers in the private sector' (quoted in the /Financial Times/,
    11 April 2003). The review concluded that the problem lay with national pay
    bargaining and review body arrangements.

  • Article
    24 June 2003

    On 13 June 2003, the Norwegian government issued a proposal for new
    legislation relating to gender quotas on company boards. The aim is to
    achieve a 40% share of female board members in both larger private firms and
    public enterprises. The proposed legislation would be made applicable to
    private companies only if they fail voluntarily to achieve an acceptable
    level of female representation on their boards. The government's proposal
    comes against the backdrop of an increasing awareness of the low presence of
    women on company boards in Norway. The government sees this as an equal
    opportunities issue and argues that the business and industry community is
    not doing enough to avail itself of the competences and qualifications of
    both women and men.

  • Article
    23 June 2003

    Since autumn 2002, trade unions representing staff employed in the French
    state education system have been taking industrial action in opposition to
    the government’s planned reforms in areas including pensions,
    decentralisation and budget cuts. After an 11th day of strike action and
    protests on 10 June 2003, the government made some progress in placating the
    unions. Whatever the outcome of this dispute, it is probable that the
    discontent among teachers, who have been highly mobilised for months, will be
    enduring.

  • Article
    23 June 2003

    According to a representative survey of 1,001 firms with fewer than six
    employees carried out by the Forsa Society for Social Research and
    Statistical Analysis (Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische
    Analysen mbH, forsa [1]) in March 2003, many small firms of this size have
    encountered difficulties owing to Germany's dismissal protection [2]
    legislation over the past five years. The protective legislation currently
    applies to employers with more than five employees. The survey finds that
    since 1998, among firms with four or five employees, 14% and 15% respectively
    have had negative experiences related to this legislation. One in seven small
    firms in the representative survey state that they have not created new jobs
    due to the strict dismissal protection legislation which applies when their
    workforce exceeds five. For enterprises with four or five employees, which
    would be most immediately affected if they employed additional staff, this
    figure increases to 27% and 31% respectively - see the table below.

    [1] http://www.forsa.de/
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/protection-against-dismissal-1

  • Article
    23 June 2003

    In March 2003, the Institute for Economic and Social Research within the Hans
    Böckler Foundation (Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut in
    der Hans-Böckler-Stiftung, WSI) presented the first results of its third
    works and staff council survey (published in a special issue [1] of
    /WSI-Mitteilungen/, Vol. 56, No. 3, 2003). The survey was carried out in
    summer 2002 and included a representative sample of establishments with 20 or
    more employees. The principal aim of the survey is to give a current overview
    of the situation of works council [2] s and (public sector) staff council [3]
    s in Germany and to monitor industrial relations at establishment level. A
    special evaluation of the survey data provides information on implementation
    of the 2001 reform of the Works Constitution [4] Act
    (Betriebsverfassungsgesetz, BetrVG) (DE0107234F [5]) with regard to the
    promotion of the representation of women on works councils and of equal
    opportunities for men and women at company level ('Gleichstellung von Frauen
    und Männern in der betrieblichen Interessenvertretung', Christina Klenner
    and Christiane Lindecke, in /WSI-Mitteilungen/, Vol. 56, No. 3, 2003).

    [1] http://www.boeckler.de/rde/xchg/SID-3D0AB75F-49F96D2E/hbs/hs.xsl/119_27931.html
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-council-2
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/staff-council-0
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-constitution-0
    [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/works-constitution-act-reform-adopted

  • Article
    23 June 2003

    In March 2002, the central EU-level social partners agreed a 'framework of
    actions [1] ' for the lifelong development of competencies and qualifications
    (EU0204210F [2]). The signatories were: the European Trade Union
    Confederation (ETUC) - whose delegation included representatives of the
    liaison committee for managerial and professional staff, which brings
    together the ETUC-affiliated Council of European Professional and Managerial
    Staff (EUROCADRES) and the independent European Confederation of Executives
    and Managerial Staff (CEC); the Union of Industrial and Employers'
    Confederations of Europe (UNICE), in cooperation with the European
    Association of Craft and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (UEAPME); and the
    European Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and of Enterprises
    of General Economic Interest (CEEP). The framework identified the following
    four priority areas for action:

    [1] http://www.etuc.org/en/index.cfm?target=/en/dossiers/colbargain/lll.cfm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/industrial-relations-undefined/social-partners-agree-training-framework

  • Article
    23 June 2003

    A meeting of the Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs
    Council was held in Luxembourg on 2-3 June 2003 under the Greek Presidency.
    Ministers debated a range of employment and social policy issues, with
    varying degrees of success.

  • Article
    23 June 2003

    The issue of company directors’ pay is highly topical in the UK following
    regulations in 2002 to introduce a clearer role for shareholders (UK0111101N
    [1]). With greater transparency has come controversy over the links between
    boardroom pay and corporate performance. In June 2003, the government issued
    a consultative document looking at best practice and legislative options
    concerning directors’ severance payments, with trade unions calling for a
    tougher regulatory framework.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/shareholders-to-have-right-to-vote-on-directors-pay

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications