Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    10 June 2003

    At the end of April 2003, the Work Environment Authority (Arbetsmiljöverket)
    presented its annual statistics for 2002. It highlighted the positive
    development of the figures on fatal accidents at work, which are now much
    lower than previously. During 2002, 45 employees were killed by accidents at
    work (43 of whom were men), compared with 46 in 2001 (41 men, five women). Of
    the fatal accidents in 2002, 13 occurred in the transport sector, 12 in the
    building sector and eight in manufacturing industry. There are about 4.2
    million employees in Sweden. Looking at the cause of the fatal accidents in
    2002, 19 employees were killed in vehicle (cars, trucks etc) accidents, nine
    died in 'fall' accidents (eg falling from scaffolding), nine died after being
    struck by objects, six died in machinery accidents, one was killed in a
    robbery and one by an explosion.

  • Article
    10 June 2003

    Since the coalition government of the conservative People’s Party
    (Österreichische Volkspartei, ÖVP) and the populist Freedom Party
    (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, FPÖ) resumed office in February 2003,
    Austria’s public debate has been dominated by the government’s plans for
    a fundamental reform of the public pensions system. This reform is designed
    to reduce considerably future expenditure on pension benefits, especially for
    (younger) employees in the private sector (AT0305201N [1]).


  • Article
    10 June 2003

    In February 2002, the Vice Prime Minister, Gianfranco Fini, and the three
    main trade union confederations - the General Confederation of Italian
    Workers (Confederazione Generale Italiana del Lavoro, Cgil), the Italian
    Confederation of Workers’ Unions (Confederazione Italiana Sindacato
    Lavatori, Cisl) and the Union of Italian Workers (Unione Italiana del Lavoro,
    Uil) - signed a general framework agreement on the forthcoming renewal of
    national collective agreements for public sector workers. It included average
    wage increases of 5.56% for 2002-3, a higher percentage than the government's
    predicted inflation rate (IT0203102N [1]).


  • Article
    10 June 2003

    An innovative agreement was signed in May 2003 at the SEAT motor
    manufacturing plant in Martorell, Spain, providing for long-term flexibility
    of working time to deal with reduced production between June 2003 and March
    2004, thus preventing redundancies. Reduced working time over this period
    will be recovered in 2004 when production increases.

  • Article
    10 June 2003

    In May 2003, elections to Rsu trade union representation bodies were held at
    Fiat's largest plant in Italy, the Mirafioiri site in Turin. Fiom-Cgil won
    the largest share of the vote, while Fim-Cisl came second (and first in the
    plant's important bodywork department).

  • Article
    10 June 2003

    In March 2003, as part of its Global Aging Initiative [1] (GAI), the
    Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies, CSIS [2])
    released a special report entitled Germany and the challenge of global aging
    [3], which examines the way that the aging population is likely to transform
    Germany’s economy over the next half century. The report asserts that,
    unless Germany implements sweeping reforms, it will face an era of fiscal
    crisis amid widespread labour shortages and slower economic growth - an issue
    which has also been under debate in Germany (DE0304103N [4]).


  • Article
    10 June 2003

    A large-scale strike which began in early May 2003 more or less paralysed the
    Faroe Islands. Ships bringing goods and food from Denmark were not unloaded
    and supplies in shops began to run out. Petrol stations did not receive
    supplies of petrol and the oil tanks in houses were not refilled. Schools and
    kindergartens were closed down due to lack of cleaning. Furthermore, all
    Faroese fish markets and fish processing companies were hit hard by the
    strike. Overall, about 30% of the working population stopped working due to
    the strike.

  • Article
    9 June 2003

    The European Agency for Safety and Health at Work launched the 'first
    pan-European campaign to reduce the risks of chemicals, biological agents and
    other dangerous substances at work' on 13 May 2003 at the European Parliament
    in Strasbourg. The campaign will form the heart of the Agency's annual
    European Week on Safety and Health at Work [1] in October 2003 and will
    provide a range of information about the risks involved and the solutions
    through various media. The week will culminate with the announcement of the
    winners of the Agency’s 'European good practice awards' for organisations
    that have most successfully tackled the problems of dangerous substances in
    the workplace.


  • Article
    9 June 2003

    Irish civil servants could face 'fines' if disciplined under a new law that
    is expected to come into force in late 2003 (currently the Civil Service
    Regulation (Amendment) Bill 2003). At present, the Civil Service Regulation
    Act 1956 establishes the terms and conditions of employment for all 30,000
    civil servants. Under the 1956 Act, a civil servant found guilty of
    misconduct, irregularity, neglect or unsatisfactory behaviour can be
    downgraded or lose a pay increment.

  • CAR
    9 June 2003

    La couverture de la négociation collective et les mécanismes permettant d’étendre les dispositions des conventions collectives au-delà des membres des organisations signataires sont des facteurs qui influencent de façon importante les procédures et les pratiques de fixation des salaires, du temps de travail et des conditions de travail, et de ce fait ont également un impact sur la croissance économique.


  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications