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  • Article
    12 June 2003

    In May 2003, a new coalition government of the Christian Democrats and two
    liberal parties, VVD and D66, took office in the Netherlands. The parties'
    coalition agreement provides for major cutbacks in public spending, largely
    targeted on social security expenditure. The trade unions are fiercely
    opposed to the proposed measures.

  • Article
    11 June 2003

    In a judgment issued in late May 2003, a Greek court ruled the dismissals of
    many workers at Athenian Paper Mills SA (Softex) to be illegal, as redundancy
    legislation had not been observed. It stated that the workers are thus
    entitled to retroactive compensation for lost pay from the date they were
    made redundant in 2002 up to the date of the court ruling.

  • Article
    11 June 2003

    A number of Greek court rulings issued in April-June 2003 have focused on the
    issue of workers who are employed to meet the standing needs of employers for
    long periods under successive fixed-term employment contracts. The courts
    have upheld these workers' cases and converted their fixed-term contracts
    into open-ended contracts, in the light of the 1999 EU fixed-term work

  • Article
    11 June 2003

    An agreement signed by management and the workers' commission at the VW
    Autoeuropa car plant in Portugal has prevented 570 redundancies among the
    3,200 employees or lengthy shutdowns, threatened as a result of a fall in
    production. Under a new 'time account', scheme, workers will forgo a 3.3% pay
    rise in 2003 and convert it into 10 days off per year, which will be taken on
    days when the plant is shut down. The agreement came into effect in June

  • Article
    11 June 2003

    In May 2003, Confindustria, Italy’s main employers’ association, held its
    annual assembly. Its president, Antonio D’Amato, addressed some key issues
    in his address, including the reform of the pension system, Italy’s
    economic recovery, the tax burden, welfare reform, labour market reform, the
    public administration, the resources to be allocated to research, and
    Southern Italy.

  • Article
    11 June 2003

    A package of major revisions of labour law has been coming into force
    gradually in Poland since its adoption in 2002. From 1 July 2003, new rules
    will apply to many aspects of collective redundancies, including their
    definition and severance pay entitlements. Furthermore, the special
    protection against dismissal and detrimental treatment provided to trade
    union activists is to be subject to new limitations.

  • Article
    11 June 2003

    The Trade Unions’ Cooperation Forum (Szakszervezetek Együttműködési
    Fóruma, SZEF [1]), the dominant trade union organisation in the public
    service and civil administration sector - and arguably the biggest Hungarian
    trade union confederation with approximately 300,000 active members
    (HU0206102N [2]) - held its third congress on 25-26 May 2003 in Budapest.


  • Article
    11 June 2003

    In February 2003, trade unions and employers' organisations in the Polish
    construction sector reached agreement on a minimum wage rate for 2003, which
    is 50% above the national statutory minimum wage. The deal is seen as an
    important development in industrial relations in the industry.

  • Article
    11 June 2003

    /Industrial restructuring is a striking feature of Europe's economic
    landscape today. There is wide agreement among employees, social partner
    organisations and policymakers at all levels that the way industrial
    restructuring is managed can, and must be improved. A rich body of policy
    initiatives, conceptual material and practical experience is available,
    identifying the main issues and challenges governing industrial
    restructuring. This EMCC dossier aims at presenting a selection of relevant
    data sources in a systematic way. It reveals the principles of, and various
    approaches to, corporate restructuring. A series of links provide access to a
    wide variety of relevant information sources./

  • Article
    11 June 2003

    Following several draft versions and a series of consultations, the coalition
    government of the Hungarian Socialist Party (Magyar Szocialista Párt, MSZP
    [1]) and the liberal Alliance of Free Democrats (Szabad Demokraták
    Szövetsége, SZDSZ [2]) submitted a bill on 'healthcare service providers
    and organisation of public health service' to parliament in March 2003.



  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications