Publications

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, r...Read more

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.

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Latest publications

  • Article
    27 July 1999

    Norwegian ground staff employed by Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) have
    resorted to industrial action against the airline's plans to improve company
    earnings by means of outsourcing approximately 7,000 employees in Norway,
    Sweden and Denmark. Since 14 July 1999, members of the "SAS Personnel Club"
    (SAS Personalklubb) have refused to work extra overtime, which is a legal
    option under the Norwegian Working Environment Act.

  • Article
    27 July 1999

    Some 70% of chairs of company boards and 60% of managing directors, in a
    sample of 660 Swedish companies with more than 25 workers, have a positive
    attitude towards employee representatives on the boards of companies. This is
    among the findings of a survey, released on 5 July 1999, commissioned by the
    Swedish Trade Union Confederation (Landsorganisationen i Sverige, LO) and the
    Federation of Salaried Employees in Industry and Services
    (Privattjänstemannakartellen, PTK), which represents 1.2 million members of
    white-collar trade unions. The survey, entitled /The representation of
    employees on company boards/ (Anställdas representationi företagsstyrelser)
    was carried out by Klas Levinsson, a researcher at the National Institute for
    Working Life (Arbetslivsinstitutet, ALI). No larger studies on the subject
    have been conducted since the end of the 1970s.

  • Article
    27 July 1999

    Early summer 1999 had seen a number of disputes breaking out in the transport
    sector, with commentators believing that Austria potentially faced a summer
    of disruption on the roads and in the air (AT9906150F [1]). This had failed
    to materialise by late July.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/austria-faces-summer-of-transport-disputes

  • Article
    27 July 1999

    On 7 July 1999, delegations from France's five main trade union
    confederations (CFE-CGC, CFDT, CFTC, CGT and CGT-FO) met to study the
    government's recent proposal for a second law on the 35-hour working week and
    compare points of view.

  • Article
    27 July 1999

    In late June 1999, the Spanish central government lodged an appeal with the
    Constitutional Court against the Navarre regional government's recent law on
    the 35-hour working week, because it considers that the tax benefits arising
    from it are unconstitutional.

  • Article
    27 July 1999

    At the end of June 1999, trade unions and employers in private sector
    industry appointed eight impartial chairs for their forthcoming collective
    bargaining round. Under the March 1997 agreement on cooperation and pay
    regulation in the industry sector (SE9703110N [1]), such impartial chairs on
    their own initiative join the negotiations over a new collective agreement
    one month before the existing agreement is to expire and ensure that the
    negotiations end in due time. The 1997 agreement was signed by eight trade
    union federations and 12 employers' associations, representing some 10,000
    companies and 800,000 employees. The aims of the agreement include the
    conclusion of new collective agreements without any strikes or lock-outs.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/new-agreement-on-cooperation-and-bargaining-procedure-in-swedish-industry

  • Article
    27 July 1999

    The president of the Confederation of British Industry (CBI), Sir Clive
    Thompson, has sparked controversy by warning that the much-discussed concept
    of partnership may be hiding a "damaging build-up of trade union influence".
    His remarks, made in a speech to an audience of employers on 23 June 1999,
    have been strongly criticised by union leaders and have highlighted the
    diverging interpretations placed on the idea of partnership by different
    groups of practitioners and policymakers. The Trades Union Congress (TUC) has
    been actively promoting the concept of union-based partnership at work, but
    the government and employers' organisations are unwilling to accept that
    partnership arrangements necessarily require union involvement (UK9906108F
    [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/tucs-partnership-agenda-wins-qualified-support-from-government-and-employers

  • Article
    27 July 1999

    In July 1999, sectoral trade unions and employers' associations signed a new
    national collective agreement for Italy's banking industry. The main
    innovations in the deal concern the redefinition of the area covered by the
    agreement, the creation of a new "executive middle managers" category, the
    renewal of the industrial relations system, working time reduction and pay
    increases.

  • Article
    27 July 1999

    On 14 January 1999, the central European-level social partners - the Union of
    Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE), the European
    Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and of Enterprises of General
    Economic Interest (CEEP) and the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) -
    reached a draft framework agreement on the rights of workers on fixed-term
    contracts [1] (EU9901147F [2]). The text was officially signed on 18 March
    1999, after ratification by the statutory bodies of the three organisations
    (EU9903162N [3]).

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/soc-dial/social/fixed_en.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/social-partners-reach-draft-framework-agreement-on-fixed-term-contracts
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-sign-fixed-term-contracts-agreement

Series

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

Forthcoming publications