Publications

1428 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Rise in employment participation rates of women and older people

    At their June 2007 summit, the Dutch cabinet and the social partners decided to establish a taskforce to raise the level of labour market participation, particularly among women and older people (*NL0704059I* [1], *NL0707069I* [2]). In the autumn of 2007, the Central Bureau of Statistics (Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek, CBS [3]) published figures showing that labour market participation has indeed risen for these target groups. The desire of women and older people to seek paid employment has also increased. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/labour-force-participation-top-of-agenda-in-unions-talks-with-new-cabinet [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-agree-measures-to-increase-labour-market-participation [3] http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/default.htm?Languageswitch=on
  • Social partners tackle unemployment and skills deficit

    On 2 October 2007, Austria’s main social partner organisations presented a joint employment programme which is designed to substantially reform the country’s vocational training [1] and qualification system. This programme ensued from intense and long-lasting negotiations between the Austrian Trade Union Federation (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB [2]) and the Chamber of Labour (Arbeiterkammer, AK [3]) on the employees’ side and the Austrian Federal Economic Chamber (Wirtschaftskammer Österreich, WKÖ [4]) and the Standing Committee of the Presidents of the Chambers of Agriculture (Präsidentenkonferenz der Landwirtschaftskammern, PKLWK [5]) on the employers’ side. The employment programme, entitled ‘Labour market – Future 2010 (in German, 171Kb PDF) [6], contains a variety of proposals for meeting the business demand for skilled labour on the one hand and securing a high level of youth employment on the other hand. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/vocational-training [2] http://www.oegb.at/servlet/ContentServer?pagename=OEGBZ/Page/OEGBZ_Index&n=OEGBZ_0 [3] http://www.arbeiterkammer.at/www-18.html [4] http://portal.wko.at/wk/startseite.wk [5] http://www.landwirtschaftskammer.at/netautor/napro4/appl/na_professional/parse.php?mlay_id=20000&xmlval_ID_KEY[0]=2000 [6] http://www.sozialpartner.at/sozialpartner/20071001_Sozialpartner MaßnahmenpaketArbeitsmarkt_vorläufigeEndversion.pdf
  • Pay increase of 3.6% agreed in metalworking industry

    On 30 October 2007, the two sectoral trade unions and the branch subunits of the Austrian Federal Economic Chamber (Wirtschaftskammer Österreich, WKO [1]) signed a follow-up collective agreement covering about 164,000 metalworking employees. The two trade unions involved were the Union of Salaried Employees, Printing Workers and Journalists (Gewerkschaft der Privatangestellten, Druck, Journalismus, Papier, GPA-DJP [2]) and the Metalworking, Textiles and Food-Processing Union (Gewerkschaft Metall, Textil, Nahrung, GMTN [3]). The compromise reached between the social partners was a result of three intensive negotiation rounds, the last of which continued for 17 hours. [1] http://portal.wko.at/wk/startseite.wk [2] http://www.gpa-djp.at/ [3] http://www.gmtn.at/
  • Lawyers agree to give minimum wage to their employees

    In July 2007, the national-level social partner organisations – that is, the Austrian Trade Union Federation (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB [1]) and the Austrian Federal Economic Chamber (Wirtschaftskammer Österreich, WKO [2]) – agreed on the introduction of a gross monthly minimum pay rate of €1,000. This agreement is to be implemented by the sectoral bargaining parties by 1 January 2009 at the latest (*AT0707019I* [3]). [1] http://www.oegb.at/servlet/ContentServer?pagename=OEGBZ/Page/OEGBZ_Index&n=OEGBZ_0 [2] http://portal.wko.at/wk/startseite.wk [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-agree-to-minimum-wage-increase
  • Massive job cuts due to restructuring in paper sector

    As a result of high cost increases and in order to safeguard long-term profitability, the Finnish pulp and paper company Stora Enso [1] announced on 25 October 2007 its intention to permanently close the Summa paper mill on the south coast of Finland near the Port of Hamina and one magazine paper machine at the Anjala mill in the southern town of Anjalankoski. The company also plans to shut down its pulp mills in the northern-most city of Kemijärvi in Finland and in the eastcentral region of Norrsundet in Sweden. In Finland, about 1,100 jobs will be lost due to the planned mill closures. [1] http://www.storaenso.com/
  • No change in unemployment insurance despite social partner pressure

    Unemployment insurance in Estonia is regulated by the Unemployment Insurance Act [1] (/Töötuskindlustusseadus/). It is financed through the unemployment insurance premiums paid by both employers and employees, which are calculated on the basis of employees’ wages; the level of insurance premiums may vary between 0.5% and 2% for employees and between 0.25% and 1% for employers. The government establishes the exact rate of the insurance premium based on a proposal from the supervisory board of the Unemployment Insurance Fund (Töötukassa [2]). In 2007, insurance premiums amounted to 0.6% of employees’ gross monthly salaries and to 0.3% of employers’ payroll. [1] http://www.legaltext.ee/text/en/X50053K5.htm [2] http://www.tootukassa.ee/index.php?lang=eng
  • European partnership for anticipating change in automotive industry

    The automotive industry, which employs more than two million Europeans directly and supports an additional 10 million jobs indirectly, is currently facing a number of different challenges. On the one hand, while global demand is growing strongly, the main economic growth is taking place outside of the EU, in countries like Russia, India and China. On the other hand, car manufacturers are struggling with flat demand in the western European market, new competitors from outside Europe and unfavourable currency exchange rates. The future of the industry is also challenged by environmental issues such as the necessity to comply with carbon dioxide (CO2) emission quotas.
  • Telework in Poland

    In August 2007, the Polish Labour Code was amended in order to introduce telework into the Polish legal framework by adding a new chapter entitled ‘Employment in the form of telework’. Article 67/5 Paragraph 1 of the Labour Code defines telework as follows:
  • Unions push for minimum wage in the postal sector

    On 31 October 2007, the Federal Network Agency for Electricity, Gas, Telecommunications, Post and Railways (Bundesnetzagentur [1]) issued a press release (in German) [2] providing information on the number of employees in the postal sector. The preliminary results of its survey show that the former monopoly holder, Deutsche Post AG, employs 162,938 persons. Of these workers, 122,437 work as drivers, delivery personnel or sorters. Deutsche Post’s competitors employ around 40,000 workers. This latter figure is expected to rise, since 200 questionnaires have yet to be returned. [1] http://www.bundesnetzagentur.de [2] http://www.bundesnetzagentur.de/enid/ba1557d86b8ebf7076f953155c73dd41,0/Presse/Pressemitteilungen_d2.html#12697
  • Government proposes extending working hours of doctors

    The new Labour Code took effect on 1 January 2007. Unlike the previous piece of legislation, it does not contain the term ‘work on standby’, meaning the period spent by the employee waiting for work at the place of the employer; such work is no longer added to the overtime work limit but counted as regular working hours (CZ0702079I [1]). Due to the fact that doctors covering night shifts – in particular at hospitals and medical emergency services – work hundreds of hours of overtime, the problem arose that the reduced overtime limit was used up relatively quickly. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/shortage-of-hospital-doctors-due-to-new-labour-code-provisions

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