Publications

951 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Social partners debate ‘flexicurity’ at tripartite summit

    Employer representatives, trade unions and government ministers met to discuss the concept of flexicurity [1] at the October 2006 informal tripartite social summit, held in Lahti in the south of Finland. This followed a request in March 2006 by the European Council that key labour market actors should make progress on flexicurity. A central aim of the summit was to make a major contribution to the European Commission’s communication on flexicurity, which is due to be presented at the spring European Council in 2007. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/flexicurity
  • Lifelong employability to replace job for life in army

    At the beginning of September 2006, the government approved a new statute for the army. A cornerstone of this agreement is the introduction of a new system aimed at promoting a mixed career path for military personnel. In the same month, the Ministry of Defence [1] reached a final agreement with the trade unions on the implementation details and on some of the transitional measures of this new system. After some last-minute fine tuning, three of the four trade unions supported the final plan. [1] http://www.mil.be/
  • Law grants right to strike in public services

    The right to strike [1] is a fundamental trade union right and an indispensable element of a democratic society. Nevertheless, this right was not legally regulated in Bulgaria until 1990, when, due to pressure from the trade unions, the Law on Collective Labour Disputes Settlement was adopted. This law recognised for the first time the right to strike. However, it still prohibits strike action among workers in the energy supply, communications and healthcare sectors. The workers in these sectors only have the right to a ‘symbolic strike’. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/right-to-strike
  • Disputes over funding and pay issues in public and private hospitals

    Calls for strike action by several specialist doctors’ trade unions this summer, along with the call for strike action by the Private Hospital Employers’ Association (Fédération de l’Hospitalisation Privée, FHP [1]) in mid-September, reflect the growing tensions in French hospitals. A particular focus point of the tensions is the way in which medical establishments are funded and the level of remuneration for doctors. [1] http://www.fhp.fr
  • New package of agreements for steel industry

    On 21 September 2006, the German Metalworkers’ Union (Industriegewerkschaft Metall, IG Metall [1]) and the employers’ association for the German steel industry (Arbeitgeberverband Stahl [2]) agreed on a new package of collective agreements, covering some 85,000 employees in the northwestern German steel industry of North Rhine-Westphalia, Lower Saxony and Bremen. Agreement was reached following a series of short warning strikes involving some 19,000 employees. [1] http://www.igmetall.de/cps/rde/xchg/internet [2] http://www.agvstahl.de/
  • Low qualification levels an obstacle to economic competitiveness

    Bulgaria’s largest employer organisation – the Bulgarian Industrial Association (BIA [1]) – has highlighted how the low qualification levels among workers constitutes one of the most severe problems facing the Bulgarian economy, particularly in light of the fact that this situation appears to have worsened over the years. Moreover, surveys reveal that demand greatly exceeds supply not only of blue-collar workers – for example, turners, millers, welders and builders – but also of managerial level employees. [1] http://www.bia-bg.com/?lang=en
  • Increase in low-wage ‘marginal’ part-time jobs

    While international comparisons in the mid 1990s classified Germany in the group of countries with a low level of wage dispersion, the European Commission’s 2004 employment report (742Kb, PDF) [1] shows the proportion of low-wage jobs in Germany to be above the EU average. Opportunities for low-wage workers to obtain a better paid job are also shown to be below the EU average. [1] http://ec.europa.eu/employment_social/employment_analysis/eie/eie2004_chap4_en.pdf
  • Employees’ attitudes towards working time regulations

    In late 2005, the Lithuanian Free Market Institute (Lietuvos laisvosios rinkos institutas, LLRI [1]) carried out a ‘Survey of employees’ attitudes [2]’ focusing on the views of employees towards a variety of issues concerning employment relations. The research aimed to determine how employees evaluated relations with employers, the regulation of working time and remuneration levels for extra hours worked outside the legal weekly working hours. It also looked at the attitudes of workers towards breaches of labour law in Lithuania. Results of the study were presented in March 2006. [1] http://www.lrinka.lt/ [2] http://www.lrinka.lt/index.php/research/survey_of_employees_attitudes/3343
  • Impact of income on childcare and work–life balance

    To combine work and family life represents a highly complex task for families with young children, in particular for working parents with children below school age. Working parents face challenges in relation to their work, such as forced part-time work [1], shift and weekend work, as well as in relation to the cost of childcare [2]. In addition, opening hours of childcare facilities for young children also influence the type of childcare chosen by working parents. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/part-time-work [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/childcare
  • Participation of workers in education and training

    The Slovenian Institute for Adult Education (Andragoški center Republike Slovenije, SIAE [1]) has carried out several projects on adult literacy and adult participation in education programmes. The latest data on adult participation in education was collected in 2004 in the framework of the project entitled /Achieving strategic goals of adult education by 2010 – Studying patterns of adult participation in education/. The survey was conducted among a representative sample of the Slovenian population aged from 16 to 65 years. [1] http://siae.acs.si/

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