Publications

1008 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • European Council focuses on jobs and migration

    European Union heads of state/government and ministers gathered in Brussels on 15-16 December 2005, under the outgoing UK Presidency, for a European Council meeting. In social policy and employment terms, the main areas of discussion were growth and jobs, and migration.
  • ECJ limits fixed-term employment for older workers

    On 22 November 2005, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) issued a judgment (in case C-144/04 [1] /Mangold v Helm/) that limits the possibility of German employers to conclude fixed-term employment contracts with workers who are over the age of 52. Since 1 January 2003, when the First Law on Modern Services in the Labour Market (Erstes Gesetz für moderne Dienstleistungen am Arbeitsmarkt, HARTZ-I [2]) took effect (DE0209205F [3]), employers and employees have generally been authorised to conclude several successive fixed-term employment contracts, even if an objective justification for limiting the term of the individual contract does not exist. This rule only applies, however, if the employee is older than 52. The exemption clause was initially implemented to promote the reintegration into work of older people. The ECJ ruled that this legal provision does not comply with EU Directive 2000/78/EC [4] establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation, because the only criterion used for its application is the age of the employee. [1] http://curia.eu.int/jurisp/cgi-bin/form.pl?lang=en&Submit=Submit&alldocs=alldocs&docj=docj&docop=docop&docor=docor&docjo=docjo&numaff=&datefs=2005-11-22&datefe=&nomusuel=&domaine=&mots=&resmax=100 [2] http://www.bmwi.de/Redaktion/Inhalte/Pdf/Gesetz/erstes-gesetz-fuer-moderne-dienstleistungen-am-arbeitsmarkt,property=pdf,bereich=,sprache=de,rwb=true.pdf [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/sweeping-modernisation-of-labour-market-policy-proposed [4] http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/lex/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32000D0078:EN:HTML
  • Chemicals sector - challenges, policy issues and the future

    /The third and last article in this series reviews major policy issues and challenges facing the chemicals industry sector, by analysing their timely, geographical and structural impact on the industry, as well as the gender dimension. In particular, it looks at the REACH proposal, forces driving the decline of the European chemicals industry and aspects of the unfavourable political environment./
  • Hotels and catering - policies, issues and the future

    /The third and last article in this series on the hotels and catering sector draws on the first two to present the major policy issues and challenges facing the industry. The analysis considers the time profile of each major issue and how it affects regions, businesses and the sexes. The policy issues identified include working conditions and human resource development, legislation and new technologies./
  • Sectoral approach to managing work-related stress

    In the Netherlands, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment has actively encouraged and subsidised a sectoral approach to risk management. The overall aim has been to achieve a reduction in exposure to sector-specific psychosocial and physical risks of about 10% over a period of approximately three years.
  • Chemicals - visions of the future

    /This article builds on the discussion in the first article on the trends and drivers likely to shape the future of the sector and the challenges it faces in the era of globalisation. In particular, it looks at issues related to employment, innovation, EU regulation - notably the REACH proposal - and the factors influencing relocation of client industries away from the EU. The article also explores four alternative scenarios for the chemicals industry in the light of the main pressures on it, and concludes that the most optimistic one is unlikely to be realised./
  • Hotels and catering sector - visions of the future

    /This second article in the Sector Futures series on the hotels and catering sector looks at the trends and drivers affecting the sector, presents a framework to link them together and assesses their impact. The article also reviews some scenario work relating to the sector before concluding with an examination of the implications on the sector of the drivers and scenarios. Examples of the implications include better working conditions, consolidation and more consumer protection./
  • Hotels and catering - what future?

    /The first article in the Sector Futures series on the hotels and catering sector sets out by defining the sector, outlining its market size, structure and employment figures. It then looks at the trends and drivers with a significant influence on the sector, raising some uncertainties and issues at stake for the industry and governments. Examples include the impact of technology on operations and labour demand, the current skills gap in the industry and the impact of consumer protection legislation./
  • Work-life balance in Bulgaria

    The June 2005 Bulgarian National Working Conditions Survey (BG0509SR01 [1]) explored the issue of work-life balance in some detail, by adding four questions to the 2001 questionnaire devised by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. The issue was further developed in three focus groups. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/national-working-conditions-survey-bulgaria
  • Status of self-employed people

    An extensive report on the ‘ Regulations governing self-employed people (1Mb pdf; in Spanish) [1]’ was presented during October 2005. The report, commissioned by the Spanish Ministry of Employment and Social Affairs (in Spanish) [2] and prepared by a group of experts, has two aims. Firstly, it assesses and evaluates the economic and social situation of Spanish self-employed people. Secondly, it analyses the current legal and social protection framework regarding self-employment and includes a number of proposals for a new law on self-employment, which, after discussion with relevant parties, will be passed next year. [1] http://www.tt.mtas.es/periodico/laboral/200510/est_autonomo.pdf [2] http://www.mtas.es/

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