Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from
research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articleson working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.
European Union heads of state/government and ministers gathered in Brussels
on 15-16 December 2005, under the outgoing UK Presidency, for a European
Council meeting. In social policy and employment terms, the main areas of
discussion were growth and jobs, and migration.
On 22 November 2005, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) issued a judgment
(in case C-144/04  /Mangold v Helm/) that limits the possibility of
German employers to conclude fixed-term employment contracts with workers who
are over the age of 52. Since 1 January 2003, when the First Law on Modern
Services in the Labour Market (Erstes Gesetz für moderne Dienstleistungen am
Arbeitsmarkt, HARTZ-I ) took effect (DE0209205F ), employers and
employees have generally been authorised to conclude several successive
fixed-term employment contracts, even if an objective justification for
limiting the term of the individual contract does not exist. This rule only
applies, however, if the employee is older than 52. The exemption clause was
initially implemented to promote the reintegration into work of older people.
The ECJ ruled that this legal provision does not comply with EU Directive
2000/78/EC  establishing a general framework for equal treatment in
employment and occupation, because the only criterion used for its
application is the age of the employee.
/The third and last article in this series reviews major policy issues and
challenges facing the chemicals industry sector, by analysing their timely,
geographical and structural impact on the industry, as well as the gender
dimension. In particular, it looks at the REACH proposal, forces driving the
decline of the European chemicals industry and aspects of the unfavourable
/The third and last article in this series on the hotels and catering sector
draws on the first two to present the major policy issues and challenges
facing the industry. The analysis considers the time profile of each major
issue and how it affects regions, businesses and the sexes. The policy issues
identified include working conditions and human resource development,
legislation and new technologies./
In the Netherlands, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment has
actively encouraged and subsidised a sectoral approach to risk management.
The overall aim has been to achieve a reduction in exposure to
sector-specific psychosocial and physical risks of about 10% over a period of
approximately three years.
/This article builds on the discussion in the first article on the trends and
drivers likely to shape the future of the sector and the challenges it faces
in the era of globalisation. In particular, it looks at issues related to
employment, innovation, EU regulation - notably the REACH proposal - and the
factors influencing relocation of client industries away from the EU. The
article also explores four alternative scenarios for the chemicals industry
in the light of the main pressures on it, and concludes that the most
optimistic one is unlikely to be realised./
/This second article in the Sector Futures series on the hotels and catering
sector looks at the trends and drivers affecting the sector, presents a
framework to link them together and assesses their impact. The article also
reviews some scenario work relating to the sector before concluding with an
examination of the implications on the sector of the drivers and scenarios.
Examples of the implications include better working conditions, consolidation
and more consumer protection./
/The first article in the Sector Futures series on the hotels and catering
sector sets out by defining the sector, outlining its market size, structure
and employment figures. It then looks at the trends and drivers with a
significant influence on the sector, raising some uncertainties and issues at
stake for the industry and governments. Examples include the impact of
technology on operations and labour demand, the current skills gap in the
industry and the impact of consumer protection legislation./
The June 2005 Bulgarian National Working Conditions Survey (BG0509SR01 )
explored the issue of work-life balance in some detail, by adding four
questions to the 2001 questionnaire devised by the European Foundation for
the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. The issue was further
developed in three focus groups.
An extensive report on the ‘ Regulations governing self-employed people
(1Mb pdf; in Spanish) ’ was presented during October 2005. The report,
commissioned by the Spanish Ministry of Employment and Social Affairs (in
Spanish)  and prepared by a group of experts, has two aims. Firstly, it
assesses and evaluates the economic and social situation of Spanish
self-employed people. Secondly, it analyses the current legal and social
protection framework regarding self-employment and includes a number of
proposals for a new law on self-employment, which, after discussion with
relevant parties, will be passed next year.