925 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.

  • Few employers using binding 'inability to pay' procedures

    The current national agreement, Sustaining Progress [1] (IE0304201N [2] and IE0301209F [3]) contains an 'inability to pay' clause, allowing employers not to pay all or some of the pay increases due under the agreement in circumstances where this would result in serious loss of competitiveness and employment. If an employer wishes to claim inability to pay, the first step is at local level, where a company that claims to be in competitive/financial difficulty is obliged to open its books to employee representatives. If this does not convince the trade union(s), then the matter can be referred to normal Labour Relations Commission (LRC) conciliation, and should this fail to resolve the dispute, then the LRC can call in an agreed independent assessor(s). These independent assessors, chosen from a panel of 12, examine the financial background of employers claiming inability to pay, under the auspices of the LRC. More controversially and innovatively, the procedure allows for referral of such cases to the Labour Court for a binding decision on whether or not the /Sustaining Progress/ increases should be paid. [1] [2] [3]
  • Health service reform proposals face industrial relations problems

    The long awaited report [1] of a National Task Force on Medical Staffing, chaired by David Hanly, was published in October 2003, making a number of proposals for reforming the Irish health service. A number of formidable industrial relations hurdles will have to be cleared if the proposals are to be implemented; not least in relation to the requirement to reduce the working hours of junior doctors in order to comply with the relevant EU working time Directive. [1]
  • Radical Aer Rianta partnership compactlies dormant

    The 'compact for constructive participation' in the semi-state airport management company, Aer Rianta, dates back to the mid-1990s, when a Joint Union Company Group (JUCG), which was at the centre of the process, established multi-level proposals for 'partnership' in three Irish airports - Dublin, Shannon and Cork. These proposals were set out in two key documents (explored in more detail below): The compact itself, entitled 'Towards constructive participation: a positive approach to management/union relationships' (1994); and the 'Requisite arrangements' (1995) .
  • European Council fails to agree on Constitutional Treaty

    European Union heads of state and government met in Brussels on 12 December 2003 for a European Council summit, under the outgoing Italian EU Presidency. A range of issues were discussed, including employment and social policy questions.
  • Prospects for 2004 bargaining round examined

    Collective bargaining in the early months of 2004 over new collective agreements in the trend-setting private sector bargaining area covered by the Confederation of Danish Trade Unions (Landsorganisationen i Danmark, LO) and the Danish Employers' Confederation (Dansk Arbejdsgiverforening, DA) - to succeed the four-year agreements concluded in 2000 (DK0002168F [1]) - is likely to be very difficult. The current economic situation sets a very narrow framework for the improvements that can be negotiated, while the labour market policy of the coalition government of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and Conservative Party (Det Konservative Folkeparti) since it came to office in 2001 (DK0112147F [2]) has led to uncertainty as to the political interventions that can be expected in some key fields. It will also be difficult for the negotiators to build a bridge between the employers’ demands for increased flexibility and the trade unions' demands for improvements in relation to special working time arrangements. [1] [2]
  • Metalworking employers seek more flexible working time

    Bargaining over a new collective agreement for the metalworking industry started on 15 December 2003, and the employers’ association,Gesamtmetall, is seeking more flexible working time arrangements at establishment level. It states that its goals in the bargaining round are not only to secure jobs and incomes in a difficult environment, but also to create new jobs, and establishment-specific working time arrangements are seen as a key measure in this respect.
  • Dispute at Belgian Red Cross

    In November 2003, representatives of the Belgian Red Cross and its trade unions signed a final agreement which ended a dispute which started between them two months earlier, following the dismissal of four workers.
  • Restructuring of Austrian Federal Railways leads to strikes

    Workers at Austrian Federal Railways (Österreichische Bundesbahnen, ÖBB) went on strike on 4 November 2003 and from 12 to 14 November 2003 (including a continuous period of 66 hours). These strikes, which followed a two-week overtime ban which started in mid-October, constituted the largest-scale industrial action at the company since 1945.
  • New Employment Relations Bill published

    On 2 December 2003, the UK government introduced the Employment Relations Bill [1] in the House of Commons. This article summarises the background to the legislation, its key provisions and the reaction from employers and trade unions. [1]
  • Porter report examines UK competitiveness

    A long-running concern for successive UK governments has been the persistent productivity gap between the UK and its main competitors (UK9805121F [1]). Productivity has taken centre stage in the 'New' Labour government’s economic strategy (UK9902182F [2]), being viewed as the key to raising competitiveness and improving overall prosperity. In order to provide a new perspective on the problem, the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) and the Economic and Social Research Council commissioned Professor Michael Porter of Harvard Business School to investigate the current state of UK competitiveness. The report, UK Competitiveness: moving to the next stage [3], (co-authored by Christian Ketels) was published in May 2003. [1] [2] [3]