Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from
research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articleson working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.
On 12 November 2003, representatives of trade unions and employers’
organisations, together with officials from the Labour Inspectorate
(Tööinspektsiooni) and Tax Board (Maksuamet), discussed the possibilities
of reducing the payment of undeclared 'envelope wages' and strengthening
control mechanisms for the implementation of the relevant laws and
regulations. 'Envelope wages' are cash payments to workers, on which social
security contributions and personal income tax are not levied.
In mid-November 2003, all the trade unions represented in the 'Health Cartel'
(Sundhedskartellet) in the municipal/county sector - with the exception of
the social workers' union - decided to leave the Association of Local
Government Employees' Organisations (Kommunale Tjenestemænd og
Overenskomstansatte, KTO) at the expiry of present collective agreements in
2005. KTO represents unions in in the municipal/county sector (DK0111128F
), the largest bargaining unit in the public sector, and has hitherto
negotiated agreements for about 650,000 employees. The decision of the Health
Cartel unions to leave KTO will mean a break-up of this bargaining unit.
In connection with the negotiations over the state Finance Act for 2004 -
which started in late summer 2003 - the Minister for Employment, Claus Hjort
Frederiksen, drew up an ambitious plan for changes in the rules on
unemployment benefits. The stated aim was to prevent misuse of the rules on
supplementary benefits and to adjust benefit entitlement for highly paid
groups of workers.
On 21 November 2003, the German Metalworkers' Union (Industriegewerkschaft
Metall, IG Metall) in the Bielefeld area and the local metalworking industry
employers' association (Unternehmerverband der Metallindustrie Bielefeld)
concluded a local collective agreement  which allows for the temporary
exchange of employees among 12 companies in the area. The collective
agreement, the first of its kind in the major western German bargaining area
of North Rhine-Westphalia, follows a similar local accord concluded for three
metalworking companies in the eastern German region of Chemnitz earlier in
For over a decade, Bulgarian trade unions have called for the establishment a
special financial instrument to protect workers' wage claims in the even of
their employer' insolvency, reflecting the principles of International Labour
Organisation (ILO) Convention No. 173  on the protection of workers'
claims (employer's insolvency) and the EU Directive (80/987/EEC ) on the
protection of employees in the event of the insolvency of their employer. The
wider context is the major problem that has arisen during Bulgaria's economic
and political transition, whereby hundreds of thousands of employees do not
receive the wages due to them (BG0307205N ). This problem affects
enterprises of all sizes in all branches of industry, both private and
The automotive sector in Bulgaria consists almost exclusively of the
production of parts, components and accessories. This article examines the
situation, in 2003, with regard to the structure of the sector, trade unions,
employers' organisations and collective bargaining.
/Sector Futures provides specialised reports based on the monitoring of
existing foresight studies, scenario work, innovation studies and reliable
data sources. January 2005 features the third and last article in the series
on the future of the health and social services sector. The paper examines
European level policy responses to some of the factors shaping the sector’s
future, and addresses specific policy challenges facing European healthcare
In December 2003, the Irish 'low-cost' airline Ryanair is threatening to
cease operations at Charleroi airport in Belgium if, as part of a competition
probe, the European Commission decides to invalidate aid provided by the
public company managing the airport and - in exchange for setting up business
in Wallonia - by the Walloon government. The trade unions have simultaneously
criticised Ryanair's industrial relations policies.
In November 2003, the government of Belgium's French-speaking Community
opened negotiations over a new collective agreement with teachers’ trade
unions. The unions are demanding a 10% pay rise over the period up until
2010. It seems that it will be difficult to reach agreement on such a
increase, given the Community’s reduced budgetary resources. Talks will
also focus on a review of teachers’ terms and conditions of employment.
The comparative study was compiled on the basis of individual national
reports submitted by EIRO's national centres. The text of each of these
national reports is available below in Word format. The reports have not been
edited or approved by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living
and Working Conditions. The national reports were drawn up in response to a
questionnaire  and should be read in conjunction with it.