Publications

936 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Social partners discuss undeclared wages

    On 12 November 2003, representatives of trade unions and employers’ organisations, together with officials from the Labour Inspectorate (Tööinspektsiooni) and Tax Board (Maksuamet), discussed the possibilities of reducing the payment of undeclared 'envelope wages' and strengthening control mechanisms for the implementation of the relevant laws and regulations. 'Envelope wages' are cash payments to workers, on which social security contributions and personal income tax are not levied.
  • Health unions to leave municipal bargaining unit

    In mid-November 2003, all the trade unions represented in the 'Health Cartel' (Sundhedskartellet) in the municipal/county sector - with the exception of the social workers' union - decided to leave the Association of Local Government Employees' Organisations (Kommunale Tjenestemænd og Overenskomstansatte, KTO) at the expiry of present collective agreements in 2005. KTO represents unions in in the municipal/county sector (DK0111128F [1]), the largest bargaining unit in the public sector, and has hitherto negotiated agreements for about 650,000 employees. The decision of the Health Cartel unions to leave KTO will mean a break-up of this bargaining unit. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations-quality-of-life-working-conditions/unions-and-employers-set-out-demands-for-public-sector-bargaining-round
  • Controversy over proposed unemployment benefit reform

    In connection with the negotiations over the state Finance Act for 2004 - which started in late summer 2003 - the Minister for Employment, Claus Hjort Frederiksen, drew up an ambitious plan for changes in the rules on unemployment benefits. The stated aim was to prevent misuse of the rules on supplementary benefits and to adjust benefit entitlement for highly paid groups of workers.
  • Local agreement regulates employee exchanges among metalworking companies

    On 21 November 2003, the German Metalworkers' Union (Industriegewerkschaft Metall, IG Metall) in the Bielefeld area and the local metalworking industry employers' association (Unternehmerverband der Metallindustrie Bielefeld) concluded a local collective agreement [1] which allows for the temporary exchange of employees among 12 companies in the area. The collective agreement, the first of its kind in the major western German bargaining area of North Rhine-Westphalia, follows a similar local accord concluded for three metalworking companies in the eastern German region of Chemnitz earlier in 2003. [1] http://www2.igmetall.de/homepages/bzl-nrw/file_uploads/tvauegbielefeld.ppt
  • New law establishes insolvency fund

    For over a decade, Bulgarian trade unions have called for the establishment a special financial instrument to protect workers' wage claims in the even of their employer' insolvency, reflecting the principles of International Labour Organisation (ILO) Convention No. 173 [1] on the protection of workers' claims (employer's insolvency) and the EU Directive (80/987/EEC [2]) on the protection of employees in the event of the insolvency of their employer. The wider context is the major problem that has arisen during Bulgaria's economic and political transition, whereby hundreds of thousands of employees do not receive the wages due to them (BG0307205N [3]). This problem affects enterprises of all sizes in all branches of industry, both private and state-owned. [1] http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/convde.pl?C173 [2] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=31980L0987&model=guichett [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-and-government-discuss-unpaid-wages
  • Industrial relations in the automotive sector

    The automotive sector in Bulgaria consists almost exclusively of the production of parts, components and accessories. This article examines the situation, in 2003, with regard to the structure of the sector, trade unions, employers' organisations and collective bargaining.
  • The health and social services sector - what future?

    /Sector Futures provides specialised reports based on the monitoring of existing foresight studies, scenario work, innovation studies and reliable data sources. January 2005 features the third and last article in the series on the future of the health and social services sector. The paper examines European level policy responses to some of the factors shaping the sector’s future, and addresses specific policy challenges facing European healthcare systems./
  • Ryanair under fire at Charleroi

    In December 2003, the Irish 'low-cost' airline Ryanair is threatening to cease operations at Charleroi airport in Belgium if, as part of a competition probe, the European Commission decides to invalidate aid provided by the public company managing the airport and - in exchange for setting up business in Wallonia - by the Walloon government. The trade unions have simultaneously criticised Ryanair's industrial relations policies.
  • Pay talks open in French-speaking education sector

    In November 2003, the government of Belgium's French-speaking Community opened negotiations over a new collective agreement with teachers’ trade unions. The unions are demanding a 10% pay rise over the period up until 2010. It seems that it will be difficult to reach agreement on such a increase, given the Community’s reduced budgetary resources. Talks will also focus on a review of teachers’ terms and conditions of employment.
  • Industrial relations in the automotive sector

    The comparative study was compiled on the basis of individual national reports submitted by EIRO's national centres. The text of each of these national reports is available below in Word format. The reports have not been edited or approved by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. The national reports were drawn up in response to a questionnaire [1] and should be read in conjunction with it. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/sites/default/files/ef_files/eiro/2003/12/word/tn0307q.doc

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