Publications

936 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Study examines women's employment in Basque Country

    In late 2003, a recent study from the tripartite Basque Economic and Social Council examines the employment situation of women in the Basque Country. While women in the Basque Country have higher employment and lower employment rates that the Spanish average, they fall far below the EU average. The report highlights some of the key issues and problems affecting women's employment.
  • Migrant workers and industrial relations

    The part played by migrant workers in the Cypriot economy and in society as a whole is increasingly becoming an issue of public debate, and in October 2003 the Pancyprian Federation of Labour (PEO) held a first conference on the issue. This article examines the number and situation of immigrant workers, the framework of law, collective bargaining and government policy, and the social partners’ position on this issue.
  • Government adopts employment strategy

    In November 2003, the Bulgarian government adopted the country's first-ever employment strategy, covering 2004-10. The strategy was drawn up by a working group of representatives of the government and social partners, and seeks to deal with labour market problems such as low employment, high unemployment and negative demographic trends. The strategy is regarded as consistent with the EU's European employment strategy.
  • 'Inclusive working life' agreement prolonged despite failure to achieve objectives

    In October 2001, the Norwegian government and social partners entered into an agreement to create 'a more inclusive working life' (NO0110107F [1]). The main objectives of the 'inclusive working life' (inkluderende arbeidsliv, IA) agreement are to reduce sickness absence by 20% over the period 2001-5, to improve the employment situation of people with disabilities ('impaired functionality'), and to increase the average actual retirement age. A number of measures were proposed to this end. In October 2003, approximately 46% of all Norwegian employees were covered by local agreements between employers, employees and social insurance authorities based on the IA agreement, which represents a significant increase from 25% at the end of 2002 (NO0301104F [2]). A joint committee, with representation from the main social partner organisations and relevant governmental bodies and ministries, was set up to evaluate the agreement in the autumn of 2003. It was given a mandate to establish the basis for a discussion and evaluation to take place in November. The parties also had the option of terminating the agreement if it became evident that the objectives were not being achieved. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations-working-conditions/agreement-reached-on-sickness-absence-and-an-inclusive-working-life [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/companies-sign-up-to-agreement-on-inclusive-working-life
  • Survey examines working conditions in civil service

    The findings of a survey conducted by the Ministry of Social Affairs, Labour and Solidarity into working conditions in the French civil service, published in October 2003, challenges many widely-held ideas about public employment and the difference between it and the private sector. Working conditions in the civil service are neither better nor worse than in the private sector, the research suggests. In terms of individual occupations, however, there are disparities between the private and public sectors, and they highlight the specific nature of the services provided by civil servants.
  • Sickness insurance reform postponed

    France's jointly-managed sickness insurance fund is due to post a deficit of approximately EUR 11 billion in 2003. In September 2003, the government stated that a reform of the system, originally planned for autumn 2003, will be postponed for a year. In the meantime, the government has announced a series of measure aimed at stabilising the deficit at around EUR 10 billion in 2004. While the trade unions greeted the prospect of a year-long discussion and negotiation process over the reform rather circumspectly, they have all been critical of the money-saving initiatives unveiled for 2004.
  • Agreement signed on continuing vocational training

    In September 2003, the French social partners signed a national intersectoral agreement on 'employees’ lifelong access to training', thus ending negotiations which began in 2000. The accord provides for the creation of a new individual right to continuing vocational training and an increase in the financial contribution paid by employers. The agreement is particularly notable because it was signed by CGT, a trade union confederation that had not previously signed an intersectoral agreement since 1995.
  • Finnish firms' foreign investment and employment abroad examined

    Rapid economic globalisation and the internationalisation of companies strongly affect a small open economy like that of Finland. Governments have to take international tax competition into account in their fiscal policy decisions. This also affects industrial relations and tripartite wage negotiation processes in Finland, where fiscal and social policy decisions have often been an essential part of the 'bargaining package' (FI0211102F [1]). [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-conclude-new-two-year-incomes-policy-agreement
  • TALO organises one-day strike

    Estonia's second largest central trade union organisation – the Estonian Employees’ Unions’ Confederation (Eesti Teenistujate Ametiühingute Keskorganisatsioon, TALO [1]) (EE0308101F [2]) - has decided to organise a strike on 4 December 2003. The main purpose of the strike is to demand wage increases for employees with higher education working in the fields of education and culture. Today, the average wage of teachers, who are the main target group of the planned strike, constitutes only 75% of the national average wage. TALO’s wage claim for 2004 is EEK 7,300 per month for employees with higher education working full time in a position demanding higher education and financed from the state budget. [1] http://www.talo.ee/ [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/the-development-and-current-situation-of-trade-unions
  • Quality of work and employment

    Job security, access to training, career development and pay are identified as key indicators for assessing quality of work. According to these indicators, four types of jobs can be distinguished: dead-end jobs, low pay/low productivity jobs, jobs of reasonable quality and jobs of good quality.

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