Portugal: Collective bargaining coverage remains at very low level for third consecutive year
Collective bargaining coverage continues to decline dramatically in Portugal, due to the continuing fall in the number of bargaining extensions.
Collective bargaining coverage in Portugal has fallen dramatically since the economic crisis, according to figures from the trade union confederation the General Union of Workers (UGT). Only 246,388 workers were covered in 2014, down from 1,894,788 in 2008. The UGT annual report on collective bargaining in 2014 (in Portuguese, 386 KB PDF) is based on data from the Office for Strategy and Studies (GEE), which says the reduced coverage is due to the continuing fall in bargaining extensions.
Nevertheless, there has been a slight recovery in the number of multi-employer collective agreements, which fell from 199 in 2008 to 46 in 2013 and rose to 72 in 2014. The number of company agreements signed has also increased, rising from 48 to 80 between 2013 and 2014.